Chapter 4: The Emergence of Thought and Language
Chapter 4: The Emergence of Thought and Language Psych 2314
Popular in Developmental Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Siân L'Roy on Tuesday August 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2314 at Tarrant County College District taught by Dr. Vince Limbo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Tarrant County College District.
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Date Created: 08/16/16
Chapter IV: The Emergence of Thought and Language Cognitive Development Jean Piaget Schemes o Psychological structures that organize experience based on: Action Infancy Functional or Conceptual Relationships Preschoolers Abstractions Adolescence o Assimilation New experiences are readily incorporated into existing schemes o Accommodation Schemes are modified based on experience o Equilibrium Piaget Stage 1 (Sensorimotor Thinking) o Ages birth to two o Reflexes o Learned by Sensing (sensory) Doing (motor) o Causality Cause and Effect Piaget Stage 2 (Preoperational Thinking) o Ages two to seven o Egocentrism selfcentered o Centration children at this age do not have the ability to conserve One sandwich is cut in two while the other is in four o Appearance is reality o Attention Determines which sensory information receives additional cognitive processing Orienting response Startles, fixes eyes on stimulus, heart rate and brainwave activity change Habituation (boredom) Diminished response to stimulus as it becomes more familiar Lev Vygotsky o Cognitive Journey Apprenticeship Collaboration Alone** o Zone of Proximal Development Chapter IV: The Emergence of Thought and Language Difference between what can be done with assistance and what is done alone o Scaffolding Giving help but not more than is needed Important technique for transferring skills from mother (parent/ caregiver) to the child o Private Speech Intermediate step toward selfregulation Guiding themselves Used more frequently Harder tasks