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Chapter 4: The Emergence of Thought and Language

by: Siân L'Roy

Chapter 4: The Emergence of Thought and Language Psych 2314

Marketplace > Tarrant County College District > Psychology (PSYC) > Psych 2314 > Chapter 4 The Emergence of Thought and Language
Siân L'Roy


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About this Document

This chapter discusses a child's process through cognitive thinking. And how parents, caregivers, and teachers should help the child discover how to figure things out by themselves. For example, Pr...
Developmental Psychology
Dr. Vince Limbo
Class Notes
developmental psychology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Siân L'Roy on Tuesday August 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2314 at Tarrant County College District taught by Dr. Vince Limbo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Tarrant County College District.

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Date Created: 08/16/16
Chapter IV: The Emergence of Thought and Language Cognitive Development­ Jean Piaget  Schemes o Psychological structures that organize experience based on:  Action­ Infancy  Functional or Conceptual Relationships­ Preschoolers  Abstractions­ Adolescence o Assimilation  New experiences are readily incorporated into existing schemes o Accommodation  Schemes are modified based on experience o Equilibrium  Piaget­ Stage 1 (Sensorimotor Thinking) o Ages birth to two o Reflexes o Learned by  Sensing (sensory)  Doing (motor) o Causality­ Cause and Effect  Piaget­ Stage 2 (Preoperational Thinking) o Ages two to seven o Egocentrism­ self­centered o Centration­ children at this age do not have the ability to conserve  One sandwich is cut in two while the other is in four o Appearance is reality o Attention  Determines which sensory information receives additional cognitive  processing  Orienting response  Startles, fixes eyes on stimulus, heart rate and brain­wave activity  change  Habituation (boredom)  Diminished response to stimulus as it becomes more familiar  Lev Vygotsky o Cognitive Journey  Apprenticeship  Collaboration  Alone** o Zone of Proximal Development Chapter IV: The Emergence of Thought and Language  Difference between what can be done with assistance and what is done  alone o Scaffolding  Giving help but not more than is needed  Important technique for transferring skills from mother (parent/  caregiver) to the child o Private Speech  Intermediate step toward self­regulation  Guiding themselves  Used more frequently  Harder tasks 


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