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Chapter 6: Off to School- Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood

by: Siân L'Roy

Chapter 6: Off to School- Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood Psych 2314

Marketplace > Tarrant County College District > Psychology (PSYC) > Psych 2314 > Chapter 6 Off to School Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood
Siân L'Roy

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About this Document

This chapter explains IQ development and how theories have determined a child's mental age. It also covers the theorized causes of ADHD
Developmental Psychology
Dr. Vince Limbo
Class Notes
developmental psychology




Popular in Developmental Psychology

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Siân L'Roy on Tuesday August 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2314 at Tarrant County College District taught by Dr. Vince Limbo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Tarrant County College District.


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Date Created: 08/16/16
Chapter VI: Off to School­ Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood Theories of Intelligence­ Howard Gardner  Nine Types of Intelligence (Table 6.1) o Linguistic­ Knowing the meanings of words, the ability to use words to  understand new ideas, and using language to convey ideas to others o Logical­mathematical­ Understanding relations that exist among objects,  actions, and ideas as well as the logical or mathematical operations that can be  performed on them o Spatial­ Perceiving objects accurately and imagining in the “mind’s eye” the  appearance of an object before and after it has been transformed o Musical­ Comprehending and producing sounds varying in pitch, rhythm, and  emotional tone o Bodily­kinesthetic­ Using one’s body in highly differentiated ways as dancers,  craftspeople, and athletes do o Interpersonal­ Identifying different feelings, moods, motivations, and intentions  in others o Intrapersonal­ Understanding one’s emotions and knowing one’s strengths and  weaknesses o Naturalistic­ Understanding the natural world, distinguishing natural objects  from artifacts, grouping and labeling natural phenomena o Existential­ Considering “ultimate” issues, such as the purpose of life and nature  of death Theory of Successful Intelligence­ Robert Sternberg  Analytical  Practical (common sense)  Creative Binet and Simon 1904  First objective test of intelligence  Identify children who need special need in school Chapter VI: Off to School­ Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood  Mental age o e.g.  CA MA  A: 4 [2] 2 50% delayed  B: 12 [2] 10 13% delayed Stanford­ Binet  Introduced Intelligence Quotient (I.Q.) o I.Q.= mental age                                  chronological age X 100 e.g. 1: 10/10= 1X 100= 100 8/8= 1X 100= 100 e.g. 2: 12/10= 120 6/8= 75 I.Q. Test Scores  Predict o School grades o Scores on achievement tests o Number of years of education  ???? Predicts grades in school even better o Self­discipline Factors Influencing I.Q. (Hereditary)  Identical twins vs. Fraternal twins  Adopted children o Biological vs. Adopted parents I.Q. Factors Influencing I.Q. (Environmental)  Increases in I.Q. scores  Head start­ do not raise scores, they enrich the environment Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)  Symptoms o Over activity Chapter VI: Off to School­ Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood o Inattention o Impulsivity  3 to 5 % diagnosed  Boys outnumber girls 3 to 1 ratio  Causes (?) o Television o Food allergies o Sugar o Biological roots o Hereditary component  “Grow out of it” (?)  Medication is the single most effective way of treatment


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