Chapter 6: Off to School- Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood
Chapter 6: Off to School- Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood Psych 2314
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Siân L'Roy on Tuesday August 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2314 at Tarrant County College District taught by Dr. Vince Limbo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Tarrant County College District.
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Date Created: 08/16/16
Chapter VI: Off to School Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood Theories of Intelligence Howard Gardner Nine Types of Intelligence (Table 6.1) o Linguistic Knowing the meanings of words, the ability to use words to understand new ideas, and using language to convey ideas to others o Logicalmathematical Understanding relations that exist among objects, actions, and ideas as well as the logical or mathematical operations that can be performed on them o Spatial Perceiving objects accurately and imagining in the “mind’s eye” the appearance of an object before and after it has been transformed o Musical Comprehending and producing sounds varying in pitch, rhythm, and emotional tone o Bodilykinesthetic Using one’s body in highly differentiated ways as dancers, craftspeople, and athletes do o Interpersonal Identifying different feelings, moods, motivations, and intentions in others o Intrapersonal Understanding one’s emotions and knowing one’s strengths and weaknesses o Naturalistic Understanding the natural world, distinguishing natural objects from artifacts, grouping and labeling natural phenomena o Existential Considering “ultimate” issues, such as the purpose of life and nature of death Theory of Successful Intelligence Robert Sternberg Analytical Practical (common sense) Creative Binet and Simon 1904 First objective test of intelligence Identify children who need special need in school Chapter VI: Off to School Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood Mental age o e.g. CA MA A: 4  2 50% delayed B: 12  10 13% delayed Stanford Binet Introduced Intelligence Quotient (I.Q.) o I.Q.= mental age chronological age X 100 e.g. 1: 10/10= 1X 100= 100 8/8= 1X 100= 100 e.g. 2: 12/10= 120 6/8= 75 I.Q. Test Scores Predict o School grades o Scores on achievement tests o Number of years of education ???? Predicts grades in school even better o Selfdiscipline Factors Influencing I.Q. (Hereditary) Identical twins vs. Fraternal twins Adopted children o Biological vs. Adopted parents I.Q. Factors Influencing I.Q. (Environmental) Increases in I.Q. scores Head start do not raise scores, they enrich the environment Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptoms o Over activity Chapter VI: Off to School Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood o Inattention o Impulsivity 3 to 5 % diagnosed Boys outnumber girls 3 to 1 ratio Causes (?) o Television o Food allergies o Sugar o Biological roots o Hereditary component “Grow out of it” (?) Medication is the single most effective way of treatment
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