What is Anatomy
What is Anatomy 80197 - BIOL 2220 - 001
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80197 - BIOL 2220 - 001
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jeni Erickson on Wednesday August 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 80197 - BIOL 2220 - 001 at Clemson University taught by John R Cummings in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 65 views.
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Date Created: 08/17/16
Anatomy and Physiology 1. What is Anatomy a. The Greek word for anatomy is “anatome” meaning “to cut apart”. b. It is the structure and relationship among structures i. The structure of body parts and their relationship to one another. ii. It is concrete and can be seen, felt, and examined. c. There are many different subdivisions of anatomy i. Gross (macroscopic) anatomy: study of large body structures visible to the naked eye (heart, lungs, and kidney) 1. Regional Anatomy: all the structures in a particular region of the body are examined at the same time. And approach of gross anatomy. (Muscles, bones, nerves) 2. Systemic Anatomy: body structure is studied system by system (cardiovascular system) 3. Surface Anatomy: subdivision of gross anatomy. The study of internal structure as they relate to the overlying skin surface. This is used when you feel a pulse or draw blood. ii. Microscopic Anatomy: deals with structures too small to be seen with the naked eye. 1. Cytology: the study of cells 2. Histology: the study of tissue iii. Developmental Anatomy: studies the structural changes that occur throughout the life span. 1. Embryology: subdivision of developmental anatomy. Concerned with the developmental changes that occur before birth. iv. Pathological Anatomy: structural changes that are caused by disease. v. Radiographic Anatomy: the study of internal structures as seen on x-ray images or specialized scanning procedures (essential tools for studying anatomy are mastery the terminology, palpation [feeling with your hands], and auscultation [listening to organs with a stethoscope]).
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