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History 101 Week 1 Notes

by: Meagan Womble

History 101 Week 1 Notes History 1010

Meagan Womble
GPA 3.5
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About this Document

The notes go over the essay that will be on the exam.
World History 1
Mr. Michael B. Simmons
Class Notes
history, World History, History1010




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meagan Womble on Wednesday August 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1010 at Auburn University Montgomery taught by Mr. Michael B. Simmons in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see World History 1 in History at Auburn University Montgomery.

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Date Created: 08/17/16
History Notes August 17, 2016 Prehistory­ Human kinds past before the invention of writing. 1. Hominid a. creature with human like characteristics.  2. Orrorin tugenesis a. Originated in West Kenya. b. We do not know the size of their brain. c. They lived in trees and walked on branches predominately. d. When they came to the ground they would walk on land. 3. Australopithecus a. Lived in Africa. b. About 3 feet tall   c. Brain size was 1/3the size ours. d. Not related to Orrorin tugenesis. 4. Homo Habilis – “Capable Man” a. About 4 feet tall.  b. Created very primitive stone tools.  c. Earliest stone tool making homnid** d. Tools were mainly used for scavaging.  e. Limited brain size (1/2) 5. Homo Erectus – “Upright Man” a. Lived 1.3 to 1.8 million years ago.  b. First hunter­gatherer species** c. Lived in small groups. d. First hominid to leave Africa ** i. went to Asia and Europe e. Produced more sophisticated stone tools called Acheulian tools. i. Hand Axe for example f. Discovered language**  i. they were forced to create language skills for successful hunting g. First to use fire extensively ** i. cooking, protection, etc 6. Homo sapiens a. Appeared about 280,000 years ago. Developed two groups who competed against  each other. b. Skilled in collective hunting. c. Created art [cave paintings] d. Sympathetic magic i.  belief that humans can manipulate nature for their own benefits e. Communications and language skills improved f. Gender roles are established ** i. men were providers, protectors, and patriarch while women birthed,  cooked, made clothes, trained kids, and tended the garden g. Advanced tool kit. h. Began making sculptures i.  Venus Figure i. Patriarchal society j. Practiced religious rituals  i. receive food, fertility, protection k. Culture begins. 7. Neanderthal a. Skeletal remains were found in Germany is 1856. b. Died out about 30,000 BCE c. Skilled in took making** i. over 60 have been identified d. Skilled at shelter making i. caves e. Buried the dead with objects in the grave i.  swords, shields, flowers, etc. f. Believed in the afterlife. g. Good at food gathering. h. The women were good at making clothes from animal skin. i. Inbred with homo sapiens. j. Believed in animism. 8. Agricultural Revolution a. Discovery of planting seeds, waiting, and producing harvest.  b. Great transition c. Crops had significant benefit  i. Systematic food production ii. Domesticating animals 1. Hogs, sheep, cattle, and goats iii. Staple food supply iv. A sedentary way of life** v. Portable food d. Diversification of crops i. Middle east and Europe­ wheat and barley. ii. Africa­ yams, okra, peas, and green vegetables. iii. Asia­ rice. iv. Central America­ corn, beans, peppers, squash, and tomatoes.  v. South America­ potatoes and livestock. e. Small villages began to appear i. Jericho ii. Jarmo iii. Catal Huyuh iv. All growing upwards in 4,000 to 5,000 in population.  1. Religious shrines. 2. Storage areas  3. Silos f.  Trade begins** i. Bartering g. Political organizations 9. The Stone Age also brought about many advances.  a. Pottery was invented. The benefits of pottery were: i. Art further developed ii. Improved trade iii. Gave jobs to utilitary people iv. Grinding instruments were made v. Wooden plows were made vi. Sickle was invented vii. Spinning and weaving tools were made viii. Specialized labor 1. Producing tools, weapons, and jewelry. b. Irrigation** i. Process that allows you to supply water for people who do not live by  water. ii. 6 major river valley civilizations  1. Peru (Caral) 2. Nile River 3. Tigris­Euphrates River 4. Central Asia 5. Indus River 6. Yellow River c. Religion i. 3 major religious systems 1. Polytheism a. Many Gods i. Most ancient cultures did this. 2. Henotheism a. One major God and then many groups of Gods b. Form of Polytheism c. Popular among Greeks and Romans 3. Monotheism a. One God i. Judism ii. Christians iii. Islam 4. Priestly class** a. They were revered for their esoteric knowledge. b. Revered and feared because they were sought to have  supernatural powers. d. Laws i. Laws developed  ii. Was originally oral laws but then soon became codified laws.


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