HORT 3440 August 17 Lecture Notes
HORT 3440 August 17 Lecture Notes HORT 3440
Popular in Herbs, Spices, and Medicinal Plants
Popular in Department
verified elite notetaker
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Notetaker on Wednesday August 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HORT 3440 at University of Georgia taught by James Affolter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
Reviews for HORT 3440 August 17 Lecture Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 08/17/16
8/17/16 Plants Important in Cooking and Cuisine Most herbs and spices come from 3 main parts of the world o Europe and Mediterranean o Old World Tropics (India, Far East, Eastern Hemisphere) o New World Tropics In antiquity, spices used for… o Flavoring o Food o Medicine Many inhibit bacterial growth In study of 30 herb/spice extracts, all inhibited or killed at least ¼ of bacterial species Four most potent in the study killed all (garlic, onion, allspice, oregano) Example: Listerine’s active ingredients are all plant products Eucalyptol (Eucalyptus), Menthol (Peppermint), Methyl Salicylate (Wintergreen), and Thymol (Thyme) o Perfume o Ceremonies/ Rituals o Preserving Foods Evidence of trade in antiquity over large distances trading these herbs and spices o Example: Mummies from ancient Egypt Take them apart and analyze the chemicals of the plants used to prepare and preserve the mummies Some plants used were local (Cumin, Anise, Marjoram) Others had to have been traded (Cinnamon from India and Sri Lanka, Myrrh from Africa, Frankincense from Africa) o Example: Stories told from hieroglyphics Picture of Egyptian Queen Hatshepsut’s expedition in 1500 BC to Land of Punt Brought back Myrrh trees o Example: Eber’s Papyrus form 1500 BC 65 ft long scroll of difference herbal prescriptions (over 700) Includes things they would have had to trade for to have gotten Trade Routes o In place for 5000 years o Spices among the most valuable trade items back then o Desire from European countries for these herbs/ spices is what sparked the trading and expeditions o Europe traded with Malabar (ginger, pepper), Caylon (cinnamon), Spice Islands and Indonesia (cinnamon, nutmeg, mace, cloves) What was going on in the Middle East determined whether Europeans had access to these spices or not o During Roman times, conquest of Middle East resulted in flow of spices from Far East to Europe o Dark Ages (476-1096): Arabs control spice trade and cut off European access “Muslim Curtain” Arabs continue spice trade for their own use Fun Fact: Prophet Mohammed was a spice trader o End of Crusades (1096): Europe exposed to the Middle East Desire to break Arab monopoly and have European access to the spices Overland routes to India, China, South East Asia send spices to Venice and Genoa Why these city states became so wealthy, which helped fund the Renaissance o 1400’s: Turkish Empire expends and cuts off European access Lead to Europeans to try to find direct sea routes to the Far East 1498: Vasco De Gama reaches India so Europe can cut out middle men 1560: Direct sea routes and reopening of overland routes Fuels Age of Exploration Age of Exploration o Portuguese dominate the Asian trade o Then the Dutch kick out the Portuguese and have monopoly for 200 years o Then the British get control in 1796 o Colonialism: Spice plants transported globally Botanical Gardens were centers of introduction for spices/ herbs/ plants
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'