Notes on Violent Crimes
Notes on Violent Crimes CRIM 1307
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natalie Notetaker on Thursday August 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRIM 1307 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Haley Zettler in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 08/18/16
CHAPTER 10 1. Causes of violence a. personal traits i. IQ, impulsivity, depression, aggression, personality disorders b. ineffective families i. absent, deviant, abuse c. human instinct i. evolutionary d. exposure to violence i. learning/modeling e. substance abuse f. firearm availability i. large number of violence involves firearms g. cultural values i. subculture of violence h. national values 2. Forcible rape a. carnal knowledge of female forcibly and against her will b. has now expanded to include other types of sexual assault c. not a sexual crime, but violent 3. incidence of rape a. UCR data i. 85,000 rapes reported each year b. population density influences rape c. NCVS data i. 250,000 rapes and sexual assault per year 4. types of rape a. date rape i. involves people who are in some sort of courting relationship b. marital rape i. usually violent c. statutory rape i. sexual intercourse between an underage minor female and adult male 5. types of rapists a. anger i. sexuality as means to release pent up anger/rage ii. use far more brutality than necessary for sexual purpose alone iii. often spur of moment b. power i. doesn’t want to harm victim as much as wants to possess them, goal is conquest c. sadistic i. sexuality and aggression reasons, often include tortures, satisfaction by abusing 6. causes of rape a. evolutionary/biological factors i. males have natural sex drive b. male socialization c. psychological abnormality i. narcissistic personality d. social learning e. sexual motivation i. may explain young rapists 7. rape and the law a. proving rape b. consent i. juries may be influenced by victim precipitation (i.e. under influence) ii. if physical evidence is not present, the burden of proof often shifts to victim to prove they didn’t give consent c. legal reform i. changing language, now threat of force ii. shield laws 8. murder and homicide a. degrees of murder i. first degree 1. premeditation and deliberation ii. second degree 1. person’s wanton disregard for victim’s life and desire to inflict harm on victim that results in death iii. manslaughter 1. voluntary/nonnegligent 2. involuntary/negligent 9. nature and extent of murder a. since 1991 the murder rate has been steadily declining b. tends to be an urban crime c. victims and offenders tend to be males d. over half of murder victims are AfricanAmericans e. victims and offenders tend to be under 25 f. offenders tend to have long criminal careers 10. murderous relations a. intimate partner murder b. acquaintance murders c. stranger murders (rare) d. sexuallybased murders e. school murders 11. Serial Killers a. serial killer i. a person who kills three or more persons in 3 or more separate events ii. thrill killers iii. mission killers 1. monetary purposes 2. “hitman” iv. expedience killers b. female serial killers i. 1015% of serial killers ii. tend to be older than their male counterparts iii. tend to be substance abusers c. mass murderers i. kills numerous victims by one or few assailants in a single event ii. revenge killers: getting even iii. love killers: warped sense of devotion iv. profit killers: trying to cover up a crime v. terrorist killers: sending a message d. spree killers i. a killer of multiple victims whose murders occur over a relatively short span of time and often follow no discernible pattern 12. Assault and battery a. nature and extent of assault b. assault vs. battery c. patterns similar to homicide and rape d. offenders usually young, male, white 13. types of violence a. domestic violence i. intimate partner violence accounts for 15% of all violent crimes b. child abuse i. difficult to estimate the extent ii. social learning/modeling iii. blended families more likely to experience abuse iv. abusers often suffer from depression 14. robbery a. robbers in action i. robbers select targets that are vulnerable, accessible, and profitable b. acquaintance robbery i. victims are often reluctant to report ii. some are motivated by street justice iii. robbers know patterns and traits of victims iv. victims are often convenient targets 15. a. hate crimes i. annually about 7,700 incidents ii. vandalism/property most common b. violent acts directed at particular person or members of group because targets share a discernible racial, ethnic, religious, or gender characteristic 16. types of hate crimes to different motives a. thrill seeking i. hate mongers, often destroying property b. reactive (defensive) i. rationalize behavior as defensive stand against outsiders c. mission i. see it as duty to rid evil d. retaliatory i. committed in response to hate crime
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