Public Order Crimes
Public Order Crimes CRIM 1307
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natalie Notetaker on Thursday August 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRIM 1307 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Haley Zettler in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 08/18/16
1. public order crimes a. behavior that is outlawed because it threatens the general well being of society and challenges its accepted moral principles b. sometimes referred to as victimless crimes 2. criminal or immoral 3. can something moral still be a crime? a. social harm i. immoral acts can be distinguished from crimes on basis of the injury they cause 1. acts that cause harm or injury are outlawed and punished as crimes 2. acts, even those that are vulgar, offensive, and depraved, aren’t outlawed or punished if they harm no one 4. moral crusaders and moral crusades a. more entrepreneurs b. a person who creates moral rules, which thus reflect the values of those in power rather than any objective universal standards of right and wrong i. Harry Potter ii. abortion iii. gay marriage 5. highprofile abductions a. Jaycee Lee Dugard b. Elizabeth Smart 6. bizarre or abnormal sexual practices that may involve nonhuman objects, humiliation, or children 7. outlawed paraphilias a. frotteurism b. voyeurism c. exhibitionism d. sadomasochism e. pedophilia i. form of paraphilia that most concerns the general public ii. both men and women participate iii. may have a genetic or cognitive development link 8. prostitution a. activity that has sexual significance for the customer b. economic transaction c. emotional indifference d. incidence of prostitution i. 60,000 arrests annually (has decreased) ii. ehooking iii. prostitution abroad 1. if 16yrold is trafficked to U.S., she is considered a victim 2. if 16yrold born in U.S. gets involved in sex trade, she is considered a criminal 9. types of prostitutes a. streetwalkers b. bar girls c. brothel prostitutes d. call girls e. escort services/call houses f. circuit travelers g. cyber prostitutes 10. becoming a prostitute a. dangers of sex work 11. controlling prostitution a. mann act (1925) i. prohibited bringing women into the country or transporting them across state lines for the purposes of prostitution b. today prostitution is a misdemeanor and is punishable by a fine or short jail sentence 12. legalize prostitution? a. sexual equality b. free choice c. abuse d. longlasting victimization e. harassment f. exploitation g. rape 13. pornography a. sexually explicit books, magazines, films, and DVDs intended to provide sexual titillation and excitement for paying customers 14. obscenity a. material that violates community standards of morality or decency and has no redeeming social value 15. is pornography harmful a. does it cause violence? b. mixed evidence 16. pornography and the law a. Miller V. California i. whether the average person applying contemporary community standards would find the work taken as a whole appeals to the prurient interest ii. whether the work depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, sexual conduct specifically defined by the applicable state law iii. whether the work, taken as whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value 17. child pornography a. law and kiddie porn b. PROTECT Act (2003) i. provides prison sentences for anyone creating and selling child pornography c. can pornography be controlled? 18. when did drug use begin? 19. alcohol and its prohibition 20. extent of substance abuse a. alcohol abuse i. 52% of Americans aged 12 or older current drinkers b. binge drinking i. 23% report binge drinking c. heavy drinking i. 6% report heavy drinking 21. causes of substance abuse a. subcultural view b. psychological view c. genetic factors d. social learning e. problem behavior syndrome (PBS) f. rational choice g. is there a single “cause” of drug abuse? 22. drugs and crime a. substance abuse appears to be heavily linked to crime b. there are different kinds of drug users but not all commit crimes c. there are differences in criminality among drug users d. drug use and criminal activity feed off each other 23. drugs and the law a. pure food and drug act (1906) i. manufactureres required to list habitforming drugs in products b. harrison narcotics act (1914) i. restricted importation, manufacture, sale, and dispensing of narcotics c. marijuana tax act (1937) i. registration and payment of tax for those who imported or sold marijuana d. comprehensive drug abuse prevention and crontrol act (1970) i. unified categories of illegal drugs and attached specific penalities for sale, manufacturing, and possession of drug e. antidrug abuse act (1988) 24. schedule a. no current medical use/high potential for abuse i. heroin, LSD, marijuana, ecstacy, peyote b. high potential for abuse i. methoamphetamine, cocaine, hydrocodone, oxycontin, adderall c. moderate/low potential for abuse i. ketamine, testosterone, codeine d. low potential i. xanax, darvocet, valium e. lower potential 25. drug control strategies a. source control b. interdiction strategies c. law enforcement strategies d. punishment strategies e. community strategies f. drug education and prevention strategies g. drugtesting programs h. treatment strategies i. employment programs 26. legalization of drugs a. war on drugs has cost more than $500 billion in the past 20 years b. more people die each year from use of legal drugs than of illegal drugs
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