First Class Notes
First Class Notes Hist 1720
Popular in The West and the World 1
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ann Carter Herbert on Thursday August 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1720 at Clemson University taught by Professor Caroline Dunn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 141 views. For similar materials see The West and the World 1 in History at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 08/18/16
History 1720 Professor Dunn: Bring books to class when they’re assigned Don’t need to bring in big book Most likely won’t have to know specific dates unless stated o Will need to know the century The West and the World 1: From the Earliest Times to 1648 two options for dating: o BC (before Christ) vs. AD (Anno Domini) o BCE (Before Common Era vs. CE (Common Era) More politically correct version Brush up on modern geography to better understand the geographical changes that occur over the years Eastern edge of the Mediterranean: o Sumer: where writing began o This is why most people begin the study of history in this location, because many people believe that the study of history is the study of the world after the written word o Is there a real conceptual difference between History and Pre-History? Some people believe that everything before Sumer is Pre-History What happened in the world before Sumer? o The Field of Archeology: Uncovering and studying of artifacts o Old Science- Geology and Biology: Evidence from sedimentary layers, glaciers, tree- rings, etc. o New Science- Genetics: How populations distributed themselves and at what place The rough consensus puts humans in Africa first and then leaving Africa Two Main Theories: Out of Afrtica Theory: o Homo erectus evolved into Homo sapiens in Africa, and then ventured out of Africa and dispersed to all around the world Multi-regional Evolution Theory: o *** The evidence points more towards the Out of Africa Theory Human History in the Stone Ages: o Paleolithic Society- Hunting and Gathering Paleolithic: They required skills to survive They lived in very small communities: about 20-25 people and nomadic (no permanent homes) There is evidence that the gender divide is not absolute We start to see more manufactured goods about 50,000 years ago, textiles are starting to be produced 30,000-10,000 years ago we start to see evidence of humans having an artistic sense mother goddess figurines (fertility) o Neolithic (New Stone) Society- Discovery of Agriculture Start settling down: FARMING Started about 10,000 years ago Earliest evidence from the Middle East Theory: humans needed more than hunting animals to survive, they had gotten so good at hunting they needed another resource The Earth began to get warmer and wetter so the land was more easily farmed The plow: used to sew their seeds and raise their crops Animals were essential to this We start to see more of a gender division here: but now men take the role of gathering (plowing took a lot of strength) Things begin to get more complicated and advanced (irrigation) – leads to settlements More effort put into homes Diversity of the population Only need some of the population to farm, etc. Pottery emerges New tools made from bronze o The introduction of metal-working Both art and weapons Catal Huyuk: One of the earliest known settlements o Almost 10,000 years ago Every building seems to be either a house or a place to store grain They do not have places that look like temples or palaces Social equality Not much evidence of a hierarchy This may be an exception, we don’t really know Stonehenge, England, c. 2000 BC Importance of the sun o Agriculture Knowledge of the calendar Newgrange, Ireland c.3000 BC Man made hill The solstice is seen here Megaliths surround o Understanding the terms: Lithic=stone Paleo=old Neo=new
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