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Anthropology, Week 1 Notes

by: Rebecca Young

Anthropology, Week 1 Notes ANTH 1000 - 005

Rebecca Young
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About this Document

What is Anthropology?
Introduction to Anthropology
Sarah A. Blankenship
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Young on Thursday August 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1000 - 005 at Auburn University taught by Sarah A. Blankenship in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in Biology/Anthropology at Auburn University.

Similar to ANTH 1000 - 005 at AU

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Date Created: 08/18/16
Friday, August 19, 2016 Notes 8/19/16 What is Anthropology? Anthropology is the study of humans; their culture, society, remains. “The way aliens would look at humans and study them.” Effort to gain an understanding of the evolution, diversity and interactions of human culture and biology. A holistic approach to anthropology meaning they include four subfields: Cultural, Archaeological, Linguistic, and Biological. A fifth category, Applied, may also be included. This sets Anthropology apart from other ‘human’ sciences. Anthropology is: Holistic: Integrating all parts of what it means to be human. Comparative: To fully understand humans, you study multiple cultures and multiple times. Field-Based: A field research site. A lab, a different culture, a rainforest. Generalizing: Extrapolate all data and bring it to one generalization based on the data. Cultural Core: Culture is learned and acquired by being a member of a society. Culture is learned and taught throughout generations. It’s a results of interaction and being dependent. Culture includes the tools used. Cultural Anthropology: Variations in cultural behaviors among human populations. It is a learned behavior including social systems, economic systems, marriage and family customs. The way you handle death and burial practices, the age of which one should get married and have children. Fieldwork is spending time with people in a society and learn to understand their society and take notes, maybe take place in some customs but the general idea is to study but not interfere because then their society would be disrupted. Ethnography is an 1 Friday, August 19, 2016 in depth description of the society and your analysis. Finally, the Ethnology is the comparative study of two or more cultures. Linguistic Anthropology: The study of the evolution of language and its relation to culture. When and how language came about, why it came about. How the language is structure and in some cases even learning to interpret an unused language. Archaeology Anthropology: The study of cultural behaviors in the historic and prehistoric past through analysis of the culture’s remains. All of the material they use is dead, its objects and tools and, in some cases, trash. Biological Anthropology: The biological evolution of humans and human ancestors, and the relationship of humans to other organisms. Patterns of biological variation within between human populations and individuals. An on-going debate with the discipline: Science? In 2010 the American Association of Anthropologists (AAA) tried to remove the word “science” from a statement outlining the future directions of the discipline. This created a problem because it almost discredits half of the anthropological field. 2


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