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POS 160 Week 1 Notes

by: Alexandra Notetaker

POS 160 Week 1 Notes POS160

Alexandra Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes summarize the material covered in week 1.
Global Politics
Dr. Reed M. Wood
Class Notes
political, Science, pos, 160, Rationalism, International, system




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Notetaker on Thursday August 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POS160 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Reed M. Wood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 83 views. For similar materials see Global Politics in Political Science at Arizona State University.


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Date Created: 08/18/16
POS 160: ORIGINS OF THE CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM  StatesvsNations  Nation:group ofpeopleunitedbycommon descent,historyculture,language.  State:Politicalentitywithauthoritytogovern itsownterritoriesandpopulations.  States&Sovereignty  Sovereign nation-statesmakeup the modern statesystem.  Nation-state:politicalunitreferring towhen statesandnationsoverlapmajorly.  Sovereignty:stateswhichhaveultimate legalandpoliticalauthoritywithintheir boundaries.  Note:Sovereigntyisan organizing principle-NOTALAW  Modern State System-approx.200states  Sovereigntyisnow normal,however,itisrecent  Static  1648:ANew World  Before 1700-empires,city-states,andtribalterritories  Early18 century-states  19 century-nation-state(nationalism)  ThirtyYearsWar(1618-1648)  Western Europe (mainlyGermany)  Why:Whohadauthority?  Religion:CatholicvsProtestant  CatholicChurch+Hapsburg EmpirevsGerman Princes+other powers(Fr.Dk.Swe.)  WarEnds1648  TreatyofWestphalia  German Princes+otherpowers(Fr.Dk.Swe.)Won  Repercussions:  Churchweakened  Hapsburgsdismantled  Organizing principlesovereign states  European Colonialism  1500beginsin Americas(Spanish& Portuguese) andSEAsia&Africa(Dutch)  1700FrenchandBritishinAfrica&SE Asia  Colonialism  Economic  Pop.Expansion  Industrialism  Tradeexpansion  Increasing demand  Security-ColonialRivalry  “Wealth isPower,andpoweriswealth”ThomasHobbes  Importance:directlycontributestoWWI  Taking over indigenousland  Competition for powerin Europe  WorldWarI  Impact:Destruction in Empires  RealignmentofEurope  WorldWar2  Extension ofWWI  Germanyeconomicallycrippled  Lossofcoloniesruinedeconomy  Japan likeGermanyin WWI  League ofNationsisweak  The BigShort  GermanyannexCzech1938  GermanyinvadesPoland  UK& FRWaron Germany1939  GermanyinvadesRussiaWar1941  Japan extendsin China1937  Japan in SE Asia1941  Japan attacksPearlHarbor1941  USWaron Japan& Germany1941  Outcome:  MassiveDeath  US& USSRmajorworldpowers  ColdWar1945-1990  Nuclearweapons  UN,Bretton Woods,GATT/NATO  Sovereigntystrengthened POS 160 A RATIONALIST FRAMEWORK  RationalistApproach  Doesnotman itisa“good”decision  Assumeactionsarestrategic  Make choicesthat theybelievewillhelpachieve theirgoal  StrategicChoices  Dependenton:  Expectedactionsofothers  Rules& institutions  Costsv.benefits  Information theyposses  Combination ofstrategiesrepresentan interaction,whichproducesan observable result.  Interests,Interactions,& Institutions  Relevantactors:  States  Firms  Non-state political(i.e.terrorists)  Interests:  Security  Sovereignty  Expandeconomy  Expandpoliticalinfluence  Interactions:  The wayinwhichthechoicesof2or moreactorsproduce politicaloutcome  Strategicinteractions:  Dependon anticipatedstrategyofothers  Actorshave to:  Anticipate others’choices  Choose beneficialresponse  BestResponseStrategy  Adopt strategiestomaximizegains  Strategy:courseofaction intendedtorealize thegoal  Whyarethereerrors?  Limitedinfo  Cognitive bias  Culturalbarriers ***Doesn’tmean thechoice wasn’trational  Cooperation &Bargaining  Cooperation:when 2or moreactorsadopt policiesthatmakeatleast1other actor betteroff than itwouldbe otherwise.  i.e.fighting terror  reduce greenhousegasses  building roads/bridges  freetrade  The ParetoFrontier  Mutualpolicyadjustmentsthat movestowardthePareto Frontier  Increasegainsofsome orallwithoutdiminishing other’sgains.  Bargaining:interaction inwhichactorsmustchooseoutcomesthat makeone betteroffatthe expenseofanother  Moving along theParetoFrontier  GainstoArepresentcoststoB  Zero-sum  Purelyredistributed—allocatedfoxedsum ***Successfulcooperationgeneratesgainsworthbargaining over.  Cooperation Problems  Publicgood:non-excludable,butdesirable products(i.e.clean air)  Selective good:excludablegood  Effortstoproduce publicgoodsarehinderedby Collective Action Problem,whichisthat each individualasan incentive tofreeride.  Free Ride:let othersdothework,butstillbenefit.  Institutions  Institutions:known or setrulesthat govern acommunity  Formallaws  Formalinstitutions  Norms  Can shapeactorsbehavior:  Clarifyrules  Setstandards  Impose costs/sanctions  Share info.  Facilitate andlowercostsofinteraction


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