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Chapter 1 with definitions and examples

by: Danielle Jones

Chapter 1 with definitions and examples MBI 131

Marketplace > Miami University Hamilton > Microbiology > MBI 131 > Chapter 1 with definitions and examples
Danielle Jones
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About this Document

These notes will be on the next exam. Make sure you know the definitions well because they are tricky.
Community Health Perspectives - MBI 131
Ashley Driver
Class Notes
Public, health, Health the Basics




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Jones on Thursday August 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MBI 131 at Miami University Hamilton taught by Ashley Driver in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Community Health Perspectives - MBI 131 in Microbiology at Miami University Hamilton.

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Date Created: 08/18/16
Chapter 1: Community and Public Health    What is Community Health    Community Health:​ ​the collective status of a group of people’s health but it  is a defined group and the taken actions and conditions to protect, promote  and preserve their health     ● Ex. African Americans and Hispanics are prone to heart disease and  blood pressure complications.  ● The Flint residents in Flint,Michigan. The water is toxic and is unsafe  for people to drink from or use. This problem was addressed in 2015  and now has repercussion effects on the residents.  ● Miami University Students  ● Daytona Beach during Spring Break    Population Health:  The health status of people who are not organized have no identity as a  group or locality and the taken actions and conditions to protect, promote  and preserve their health.    Difference: the degree of organization or the identity of the people    5 Factors that affect Community Health  Physical:  ● Living in a neighborhood where everyone runs and children play  outside.    Geography:  ● People in tropical weather or in Brasil are not more prone to Zika.  ● In West Africa the people are more prone to West Nile disease.  Environment  ● Pollution, In China many people have to wear masks to prevent  inhaling the smoke air.  ● Flint,Michigan and their water pollution    Industrial Development  ● Limited Brands/Victoria's Secret­the warehouse jobs allow for more  people to have jobs and receive medical on­site care.  Walgreens/CVS pharmacy.NP/PA in each facility  ● Cons: usually appears after communities or workers have been  abused or complaints    Community Size  ● More people=more problems=calling in for more medical/health  professionals  ● New York City­ on Flatbush Ave has nearly 100 health facilities for  different practices  ● Appalachia= few people=lack of primary care doctors in the area    Social and Cultural Factors:    Religion  ● Religious communities limit the type of medical treatment their  members may receive.  ● Jehovah Witness ­cannot receive blood transfusions.  ● Native American Church use “peyote” a hallucinogen  Politics  ● Obama Care(Affordable Healthcare Act)­ Everyone gets healthcare,  but business and people are still complaining of it infriging on rights.  ● Abortion Laws­ The state of Indiana( Trump’s VP) shut down abortion  clinics and will not sign for abortion clearance  Beliefs,Traditions  ● Lack of doctors or primary care on Native American Reservations.  ● In hospitals doctors may give more favor to white or asian patients  than African Americans    Social Norms  ● Smoking­in the 1940’s it was popular. After years of data and tobacco  related illnesses many companies were sued and commercials on  being tobacco free.  ● Drinking on college campuses.  Community Organization  ● Changing targets,mobilize resources and develop and implement  laws or programs against a community based problem  ● Based on democratic positioning  ● MADD­Mothers Against Drunk Driving    Individual Behaviors:    Herd Immunity: it is based on each individual's actions, that if the whole  community does their part then it will be successful.  ● One person get vaccinated=groups of people get a flu shot=the whole  community is vaccinated against the flu.    Community Organization  ● Relys on community to help against a disease or unwanted action.    What is Public Health?  Public Health: actions that society takes collectively to make sure that people can be  healthy.    Public Health System:  Organization​ mechanisms​ for providing such conditions where people can be healthy.    World's Largest Organization in Public Health:  WHO (World Health Organization) ­ a governmental organization’s nationally  Located in Switzerland  But in the United States…    U.S Dept of Health & Human Services​ (largest department in federal government  25%)  Pay attention to the major Four Departments in the United States….    ● CDC( Centers of Disease Control and Prevention)  ○ Located in Georgia  ○ Major department of HHS   ● FDA( Food and Drug Administration)  ○ Ensures safety for humans and veterinary services  ○ Monitors drugs, biological products, medical devices  ○ Monitors food, cosmetics,and radiation emitting products  ○ Ex: Botox can be used for migraines, not just for cosmetic purposes  ● NIH(National Institutes of Health)  ○ Main Lab: 1887, Bethesda,MD  ○ Funding for both public and private institutions  ● Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA)  ○ Main focus is on mental illnesses  ○ Keeps up­to­date practices and regular check on treatments and  prevention.  ○ Ex: Depression( medication, therapies, hospitalization procedures,  recovery centers)    Quasi­governmental and non­governmental agencies play majors  roles in public health.    Quasi­governmental  They are independent organizations that have some health responsibilities,  but act like voluntary health organizations.    EX: Red Cross     Non­governmental agencies  Independent organizations that receive no governmental funding but they  do help people. FUnding depends on donations or through grants  ●   Ex: March of Dimes, American Cancer Society         


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