Chapter 1 with definitions and examples
Chapter 1 with definitions and examples MBI 131
Popular in Community Health Perspectives - MBI 131
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Microbiology
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Jones on Thursday August 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MBI 131 at Miami University Hamilton taught by Ashley Driver in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Community Health Perspectives - MBI 131 in Microbiology at Miami University Hamilton.
Reviews for Chapter 1 with definitions and examples
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 08/18/16
Chapter 1: Community and Public Health What is Community Health Community Health: the collective status of a group of people’s health but it is a defined group and the taken actions and conditions to protect, promote and preserve their health ● Ex. African Americans and Hispanics are prone to heart disease and blood pressure complications. ● The Flint residents in Flint,Michigan. The water is toxic and is unsafe for people to drink from or use. This problem was addressed in 2015 and now has repercussion effects on the residents. ● Miami University Students ● Daytona Beach during Spring Break Population Health: The health status of people who are not organized have no identity as a group or locality and the taken actions and conditions to protect, promote and preserve their health. Difference: the degree of organization or the identity of the people 5 Factors that affect Community Health Physical: ● Living in a neighborhood where everyone runs and children play outside. Geography: ● People in tropical weather or in Brasil are not more prone to Zika. ● In West Africa the people are more prone to West Nile disease. Environment ● Pollution, In China many people have to wear masks to prevent inhaling the smoke air. ● Flint,Michigan and their water pollution Industrial Development ● Limited Brands/Victoria's Secretthe warehouse jobs allow for more people to have jobs and receive medical onsite care. Walgreens/CVS pharmacy.NP/PA in each facility ● Cons: usually appears after communities or workers have been abused or complaints Community Size ● More people=more problems=calling in for more medical/health professionals ● New York City on Flatbush Ave has nearly 100 health facilities for different practices ● Appalachia= few people=lack of primary care doctors in the area Social and Cultural Factors: Religion ● Religious communities limit the type of medical treatment their members may receive. ● Jehovah Witness cannot receive blood transfusions. ● Native American Church use “peyote” a hallucinogen Politics ● Obama Care(Affordable Healthcare Act) Everyone gets healthcare, but business and people are still complaining of it infriging on rights. ● Abortion Laws The state of Indiana( Trump’s VP) shut down abortion clinics and will not sign for abortion clearance Beliefs,Traditions ● Lack of doctors or primary care on Native American Reservations. ● In hospitals doctors may give more favor to white or asian patients than African Americans Social Norms ● Smokingin the 1940’s it was popular. After years of data and tobacco related illnesses many companies were sued and commercials on being tobacco free. ● Drinking on college campuses. Community Organization ● Changing targets,mobilize resources and develop and implement laws or programs against a community based problem ● Based on democratic positioning ● MADDMothers Against Drunk Driving Individual Behaviors: Herd Immunity: it is based on each individual's actions, that if the whole community does their part then it will be successful. ● One person get vaccinated=groups of people get a flu shot=the whole community is vaccinated against the flu. Community Organization ● Relys on community to help against a disease or unwanted action. What is Public Health? Public Health: actions that society takes collectively to make sure that people can be healthy. Public Health System: Organization mechanisms for providing such conditions where people can be healthy. World's Largest Organization in Public Health: WHO (World Health Organization) a governmental organization’s nationally Located in Switzerland But in the United States… U.S Dept of Health & Human Services (largest department in federal government 25%) Pay attention to the major Four Departments in the United States…. ● CDC( Centers of Disease Control and Prevention) ○ Located in Georgia ○ Major department of HHS ● FDA( Food and Drug Administration) ○ Ensures safety for humans and veterinary services ○ Monitors drugs, biological products, medical devices ○ Monitors food, cosmetics,and radiation emitting products ○ Ex: Botox can be used for migraines, not just for cosmetic purposes ● NIH(National Institutes of Health) ○ Main Lab: 1887, Bethesda,MD ○ Funding for both public and private institutions ● Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA) ○ Main focus is on mental illnesses ○ Keeps uptodate practices and regular check on treatments and prevention. ○ Ex: Depression( medication, therapies, hospitalization procedures, recovery centers) Quasigovernmental and nongovernmental agencies play majors roles in public health. Quasigovernmental They are independent organizations that have some health responsibilities, but act like voluntary health organizations. EX: Red Cross Nongovernmental agencies Independent organizations that receive no governmental funding but they do help people. FUnding depends on donations or through grants ● Ex: March of Dimes, American Cancer Society
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'