Ancient Greek History HI 118-F24
Ancient Greek History HI 118-F24 HI 118 F24
Queensborough Community College
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Popular in History
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Deysia Padilla on Thursday August 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HI 118 F24 at Queensborough Community College taught by Dr. Helmut Loeffler in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Greek History in History at Queensborough Community College.
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Date Created: 08/18/16
Greece: Geography, Location, Resources Greek History: HI 118-F24 Where Can you find Greece? Located in the Southern Portion of the mountainous Balkan Peninsula Part of the Mediterranean Sea region More than 1400 island Surrounded. What is The Capital of Greece? Athens: Freedom of art and democracy o Democracy: a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. How did the people in Greece make their money? Trade was a fundamental aspect of the ancient Greek world and following territorial expansion, an increase in population movements, and innovations in transport, goods could be bought, sold, and exchanged in one part of the Mediterranean which had their origin in a completely different and far distant region. o Wealth= Farming, Olive Oil o Animals= Sheep’s, Goats, Donkeys, Horses, Pigs o Minerals= Silver, Copper, Marble, Limestone, Iron, Clay It was difficult for traders to even trade due to unpredictable climate. Greece is a Warm and dry climate, but when it rains it pours. Trireme Querschnitt: Very Important boat. The word 'trireme' was derived from the Latin word triremis, which meant 'three-oarer.' These ships were about 120 feet long and required 170 men to operate the oars Early Civilizations: Cycladic and Minoan Greek History: HI 118-F24 Poseidon: is the god of the sea and protector of all aquatic features. He was Respected but feared. His weapon was a trident, with which he could make the earth shake, causing earthquakes, and shatter any object. He was second to Zeus in power among the gods Homer: Best Known author of the Iliad and Odyssey. Believe to be the first Epic poet th 8 Century Iliad: The story of the Iliad has its actual beginning in the creation of the great wall at Troy. The Trojans enlisted the aid of the sea god, Poseidon, to help build the wall. However, after the wall was constructed, Poseidon demanded his just compensation, but the Trojans reneged. Consequently, Troy was without divine protection and, in fact, Poseidon became its enemy. Odyssey: The Odyssey is Homer's epic of Odysseus' 10-year struggle to return home after the Trojan War. While Odysseus battles mystical creatures and faces the wrath of the gods, his wife Penelope and his son Telemachus stave off suitors vying for Penelope's hand and Ithacan throne long enough for Odysseus to return. The Odyssey ends as Odysseus wins a contest to prove his identity, slaughters the suitors, and retakes the throne of Ithaca. Troy: City in the region of Asia minor in modern day Turkey (Trojan War) Trojan War: The Bronze Age conflict between the kingdoms of Troy and Mycenaean Greece–straddles the history and mythology of ancient Greece Achilles: was a Greek hero of the Trojan War and the central character and greatest warrior of Homer's Iliad. His mother Early Civilizations: Cycladic and Minoan Greek History: HI 118-F24 was the nymph Thetis, and his father, Peleus, was the king of the Myrmidons. ***Note*** Neolithic or New Stone Age: begins with the introduction of farming, dating variously from c. 9,000 BCE in the Near East, c. 7,000 BCE in Southeast Europe, c. 6,000 BCE in East Asia, and even later in other regions. This is the time when cereal cultivation and animal domestication was introduced. Bronze Age: The term also denotes the first period in which metal was used. The date at which the age began varied with regions; in Greece and China, for instance, the Bronze Age began before 3000 bce, whereas in Britain it did not start until about 1900 bce. Iron Age: The Iron Age began in the 8th century BC in Central Europe and the 6th century BC in Northern Europe. The Near Eastern Iron Age is divided into two subsections, Iron I and Iron II. Iron I (1200–1000 BC) illustrates both continuity and discontinuity with the previous Late Bronze Age. Cyclades: First Civilization; significant Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age Cycladic culture is best known for its schematic, flat idols carved out of the islands' pure white marble centuries before the great Middle Bronze Age ("Minoan") culture arose in Crete, to the south: these figures have been looted from burials to satisfy a thriving Cycladic antiquities market since the early 20th century. When Did the Cycladic Evolve? Early Cycladic culture evolved in three phases, between c. 3300 and 2000 BC, when it was increasingly submerged in the rising influence of Minoan Crete. Excavations at Knossos on Crete reveal an influence of Cycladic civilization upon Knossos in the period 3400 to 2000 BC as evidenced from pottery finds at Knossos What is special about the Cycladic period? Early Civilizations: Cycladic and Minoan Greek History: HI 118-F24 Fertility was a central theme in the religions of ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern people, invariably associated with female divinities, and there is no reason to doubt that this would be the case for Cycladic islanders too. Whether Cycladic female figurines were meant as representations of such a divinity cannot be ascertained; Their elegant standing female statues, Some were life-size, Some say it was Connected to Egypt, Other name for these statues Venus Statues Marble female figure Period: Early Cycladic II Date: 2600–2400 B.C. Culture: Cycladic Medium: Marble Dimensions: H. 24 3/4 in. (62.79 cm) Classification: Stone Sculpture Marble head from the figure of a woman Period: Early Cycladic II Date: 2700–2500 B.C. Culture: Cycladic Medium: Marble Dimensions: H. 9 15/16 in. (25.3 cm) Classification: Stone Sculpture Aphrodite (Venus): Daughter of Zeus and Diane; Goddess of Beauty and Love; Mother of the Trojan Hero Minoan Civilization: Second Civilization; The Minoan civilization was an Aegean Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete and other Aegean islands and flourished from approximately 3650 to 1400 BCE. It belongs to a period of Greek history preceding both the Mycenaean civilization and Ancient Greece. Where did the Minoan civilization thrive? Neolithic and Prepalatial Crete (Beginnings to 1900 BC) Early Civilizations: Cycladic and Minoan Greek History: HI 118-F24 Before the great palaces were built and Minoan civilization thrived, Crete was the home of an early Neolithic populace. The island was probably first inhabited by people around 6000 BC. How did the Minoan civilization come to an end? Three and a half thousand years ago, the tiny Aegean island of Thera was devastated by one of the worst natural disasters since the Ice Age - a huge volcanic eruption. This cataclysm happened 100km from the island of Crete, the home of the thriving Minoan civilization. Theseus: was the mythical king of Athens and was the son of Aethra by two fathers: Aegeus and Poseidon.Was a Greek Hero; Slayed the Minotaur Ariadne: was the daughter of King Minos of Crete and his wife Pasiphae, in Greek mythology. By her mother, she was the granddaughter of the sun god Helios. She was sent with Theseus to Kill The Minotaur and end sacrifices for good, also fell in love with theseus and decided to Help him with his quest. Gave him a sword and a ball of thread. Theseus unrolled the thread as he delves deeper into the twisting and branching paths. Minotaur: was a monster in Greek mythology, half-bull and half-human. He lived in the Labyrinth, which expanded underneath the court of King Minos in Crete, and he was born from the union of Minos' wife Pasiphae with the Cretan Bull. This bull was sent as a gift from Poseidon to Minos, in order to support him in his struggle to become the ruler of Crete. However, Minos did not sacrifice the bull as he was meant to, but kept it. King Minos: Minos was a mythical king in the island of Crete, the son of Zeus and Europa. He was famous for creating a successful code of laws; in fact, it was so grand that after his Early Civilizations: Cycladic and Minoan Greek History: HI 118-F24 death, Minos became one of the three judges of the dead in the underworld. Palace at Knossos (Plan): Location: Heraklion, Crete, Greece Material :Ashlar blocks of limestone or gypsum, wood, mud-brick, rubble for fill, plaster Founded: The first settlement dates to about 7000 BC. The first palace dates to 1900 BC. Abandoned: At some time in Late Minoan IIIC, 1380–1100 BC Periods Neolithic to Late Bronze Age. The first palace was built in the Middle Minoan IA period. Cultures: Minoan, Mycenaean Associated with In the Middle Minoan, people of unknown ethnicity termed Minoans; in the Late Minoan, by Mycenaean Greeks The Palace was also maze like Spectators by a shrine: Minoan painting Miniature fresco from Knossos: Late Minoan II; 1450 BC Bull Leaping: Middle Bronze Age Figurative art Artist: Unknown Type: Fresco Materials: Stucco Panel ***Snakes=Circle Of Life*** Symbolizes of Mother of Goddess #1 Palaces: No Defensive Wall, Very Large #2 No Violence art: Peaceful Scene #3 Religion Area: Belief,Rituals, and mythologies #4 Writing systems: Linear A Incised on tables Founded in Akrotiri
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