PSY 110 ICLICKER QUESTIONS
PSY 110 ICLICKER QUESTIONS PSY 110
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maria Notetaker on Thursday August 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 110 at University of Miami taught by Ray Winters in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 08/18/16
T81. Rudy T, the narcoleptic, became paralyzed whenever he had an emotional reaction, for example, he became paralyzed when he was angry or whenever he laughed. This symptom is called A. Type Q Paralysis B. Type A seizure C. Hypnogogic hallucination D. Cataplexy T82. Which of the following is a secondary symptom of narcolepsy? A. Cataplexy B. Hypnagogic hallucinations C. Sleep paralysis D. Early onset of REM sleep E. All of the above T83. The secondary symptoms of narcolepsy result from a problem with the functioning of: A. BAS B. BIS C. The prefrontal cortex D. The parts of the brain that control REM sleep and dreaming E. The parts of the brain that control wakefulness T86. Which of the following is NOT one the three measures typically used in sleep research? A. EEG (electroencephalogram) brain waves recorded from the scalp B. EMG (electromyogram) measures muscle activity in the forehead C. EOG (eletroculogram) measure eye movements D. EXG (electrocardiogram) measures heart rate T87. Which of the following statements about NONREM sleep and REMsleep is TRUE? A. There is more NONREM sleep than REMsleep during the first hour and a half of sleep B. There are four stages of NONREM sleep C. There is one stage of REMsleep D. All of the above T88. Which of the following statements about NONREM sleep and REMsleep is TRUE? A. There is more REMsleep during the last four hours of sleep than during the first four hours of sleep B. A person with narcolepsy begins dreaming much earlier in the night than someone who des not have this disorder C. Your brain rest more during the first four hours of sleep than the last four hours of sleep D. All of the above T89. Which of the following occurs during REMsleep? A. Paralysis of the muscles B. Gamma waves in the EEG C. A low level of neural activity in the cerebral cortex D. All of the above T810. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. The cerebral cortex is the outer 23 millimeters of the cerebral hemispheres B. The cerebral hemispheres are the sea of consciousness C. Beta waves are observed in the EEG when a person is dreaming D. All of the above T811. The _______ contain neurons involved in complex functioning such as sensory perception, cognition, thinking, and the production and expression of language. A. Cerebral hemispheres B. Brainstem (x) C. Amygdala D. Reticular Activation System (RAS) T812. The ____ contains neurons involved in vital functions such as the regulation of sleep and wakefulness, control of respiration, control of internal organs such as the heart and organs of the digestive system. A. Cerebral hemispheres B. Brainstem C. Amygdala D. Reticular Activation System (RAS) T813. Which of the following is important to maintaining wakefulness? A. Reticular Activation System (RAS) B. Behavioral Activation System (BAS) C. Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) D. All of the above T814. If the ___ is damaged sensory messages do no register in conscious awareness even though the nerve impulses from the senses reach the cerebral hemispheres. Lesions of this region produces a coma where there is no conscious awareness. A. Reticular Activation System (RAS) B. Behavioral Activation System (BAS) C. Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) D. NTS (Nucleus of the tractus solitarious) T815. Activation of ______ decreases conscious awareness and wakefulness. When neurons in this region are activated the person feels drowsy or sleepy. A. NTS (Nucleus of the tractus solitarious) B. Reticular Activation System (RAS) C. Behavioral Activation System (BAS) D. Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) T816. Which of the following inhibits the activity of neurons in the central hemispheres? A. A. NTS (Nucleus of the tractus solitarious) B. Reticular Activation System (RAS) C. Behavioral Activation System (BAS) D. Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) T817. Neurons of the NTS increase their activity automatically when an individual ________ or more consecutive hours: it shows a circadian rhythm. A. Has been awake for 16 B. Has been in coma for 24 C. Has been asleep for 8 D. Has been awake for two T818. Which of the following statements is true? A. Neurons in the NTS inhibit neurons in the cerebral hemispheres B. Neurons in BAS excite neurons in the cerebral hemispheres C. Neurons in BIS excite neurons in the cerebral hemispheres D. Neurons in RAS excite neurons in the cerebral hemispheres E. All of the above T819. Which of the following statements is true? A. Excitatory synaptic transmitters tell neurons to produce nerve impulses B. Inhibitory synaptic transmitters tell neurons to not produce nerve impulses C. NTS neurons secrete an inhibitory synaptic transmitter D. BAS neurons secrete an excitatory synaptic transmitter E. All of the above T820. What would happen in the amount of activity of NTS neurons is a lot higher than the activity of neurons of BAS, BIS and RAS? A. The person would feel anxious B. The person would feel angry C. The person would feel sleepy D. The person would experience pain T821. Which of the following would lead to an increase in the activity of neurons of the NTS? A. Sitting in the sun for several hours B. A large meal C. An increase in blood pressure from exercise or stress D. All of the above T822. The cell bodies of the neurons of BAS, BIS, RAS and the NTS are located in the A. Prefrontal cortex B. Brainstem C. Ventral tegmental area D. In the cerebral hemispheres (forebrain) T823. The axons and axon end terminals of neurons of BAS, BIS RAS and NTS are located in the: A. Locus coeruleus (LC) B. Brainstem C. Ventral tegmental area D. Cerebral hemispheres T824. The cell bodies of _______ neurons are located in the Ventral Tegmental Area and their axons project to the nucleus accumbens, which is part of the limbic system. A. BAS B. BIS C. RAS D. NTS T92. The pleasurable experience (elevation of mood) that occurs when a person reaches a goal and experiences a reward results primarily from the stimulation of ______ receptors in the brain. A. Serotonin B. Endogenous opiates C. Dopamine D. Norepinephrine T93. Activation of ______ receptors in the brain is associated with low levels of energy, a quiet pleasure, calmness, serenity, and contentment. A. Serotonin. B. Endogenous opiates C. Dopamine D. Norepinephrine. T94. According to lecture, the two most dangerous drugs are: A. Methamphetamine and alcohol B. Cocaine and heroine C. Marijuana and LSD D. Cocaine and LSD T95. Alcohol decreases anxiety by depressing the activity neurons in A. The effortful executive control system B. BAS (nucleus accumbens) C. BIS (amygdala) D. The brainstem T96. The main reason that alcohol consumption impairs judgment and decisionmaking is that it: A. Decreases the amount of serotonin in the brain B. Increases activity in the amygdala C. Decreases activity in the prefrontal cortex D. All of the above T97. Which of the following has an effect on the brain that is similar to alcohol? A. Barbiturates such as Seconol and Nembutal B. Medications used to help people sleep C. Tranquilizers such as Valium D. All of the above T99. Which of the following medical use sedative hypnotic drug? A. Sedation before surgery B. Sleeping medication C. Antianxiety medication D. Surgery E. All of the above T910. People selfmedicate with ____ because it decreases social anxieties by decreasing activity in BIS A. Alcohol B. Methamphetamine C. Marijuana D. Cocaine T911. College students in the 1960s used amphetamines, which where legal by prescription at that time, during the week of finals. Which of the following statements about their motivations to use amphetamines is FALSE? A. The wanted to feel high when they studied B. It increased their motivation to study C. It kept them awake so they could stay up all night to study. D. It helped them focus their attention better T918. Which neurotransmitter is involved in the control of energy balance and peripheral metabolic processes. It modulates energy intake, nutrient transport, fat and glucose metabolism, insulin resistance, and fat storage. A. Dopamine B. Endogenous opiates C. Norepinephrine D. Anandamine (THC, marijuana) T851. Which of the following statements about oxytocin is FALSE? A. It stimulates the uterus to contract when the mother is giving birth and it stimulates the mammary glands to produce and release milk after the baby is born. B. As a neurotransmitter in the brain it facilitates maternal behavior C. It I a neurotransmitter in a emotional system in the brain that produces a desire to be near a person and emotional distress when separated from that person D. Oxytocin promotes trust in a stranger T852. Which of the following about oxytocin is FALSE? A. Oxytocin is neurotransmitter that is part of a system that provides the motivational impetus to form attachments and the motivation to reattach when separated from the person B. Pair bonding (where the male helps with infant care) in species such as the prairie vole is prevented by blocking oxytocin receptors C. Injection of oxytocin directly into the brain of a female prairie caused her to form an attachment to a nearby male. D. Oxytocin may increase aggressiveness (called defensive aggression, which is oriented towards neutralizing a threatening outgroup) toward outgroup members. T86. One study showed a significantly higher ratio of positive behavior during a conversation (eye contact, emotional disclosure, caring, validating the person’s perspective) than negative behavior (criticism, contempt, defensiveness) between couples in the experimental group versus controls. In a secondary study, men in the experimental group were found to do better at communicating during a conflict with their wives. They smiled more, had more eye contact, and were more open about their feelings behaviors essential for peaceful conflict resolution. Which of the following is most important to understanding why individuals in the experimental group improved their ability to resolve conflicts? A. The couples in the experimental group had received couples therapy prior to the being observed B. The husbands had received individual therapy prior to being observed but the wives had not C. Couples in the experimental group had received an oxytocin nasal spray prior to being observed D. Couples in the experimental group had been married for over 20 years, whereas couples in the control group had been married less than one year. T855. Which of the following statements is FALSE? A. In married couples, men with more vasopressin receptors were found to be closer relationally with their wives and less likely to contemplate divorce B. Genetic studies provide evidence that the way a dog relates socially to a human is influenced by the oxytocin gene C. Babies raised in orphanages produce lower levels of oxytocin than babies raised by their biological parents D. Administering an oxytocin nasal spray to a Miami Hurricane football player prior to and during a football game with the Florida Gators will make him less aggressive toward his opponent, even though he knows what a rotten bunch of people the Florida Gators are. T856. Imaging studies revealed a lower level of neural activity in the ________ of subjects who were given an oxytocin nasal spray. This suggested to the investigators that activation of oxytocin receptors in this region of the brain decreases fear and anxiety (fear and anxiety must be reduced to connect to another person). A. Ventromedical prefrontal cortex B. Amygdala C. Nucleus accumbens D. BAS T857. Which of the following statements is FALSE? A. Oxytocin is released when an individual is separated from a loved one B. Imaging studies provide evidence that oxytocin boosts activity in social areas of the brain, called the “social brain,” thereby improving the ability to recognize emotions in others, making social information more salient, and making social stimuli more rewarding C. Endogenous opiates decrease activity in the Social Attachment System (SAS) D. SAS is an emotional system in the brain that produces a desire to be near a person and emotional distress when separated from that person T912. Which two drugs directly stimulate their own receptors in the brain? A. Alcohol and narcotic analgesics (heroin, morphine, prescription pain killers) B. Narcotic analgesics (heroin, morphine, prescription pain killers) and stimulants (amphetamine, Ritalin, Adipex) C. Stimulants (amphetamine, Ritalin, Adipex) and Alcohol D. Narcotic analgesics (heroin, morphine, prescription pain killers) and Marijuana (THC) T913. Which two drugs can be found in a plant? A. Alcohol and narcotic analgesics (morphine) B. Narcotic analgesic (morphine) and stimulants (amphetamine) C. Stimulants (amphetamine) and alcohol D. Narcotic analgesics (Morphine) and Marijuana (THC) T915. An example given in class involved the explored Livingston being eaten by a tiger. In a second example, a man was being eaten by a shark. Which of the following statements about these examples is TRUE? A. They provide evidence that enkephalins and endorphins are released when someone is about to die B. Both men said the experience of being eaten (by a tiger or shark) elevated their mood C. The brain’s own pain killers, enkephalins and endorphins, eliminate pain when a person is being eaten by an animal D. All of the above T917. Where are anandamine (THC, Marijuana) receptors found? A. In the brain B. In the digestive tract C. In the liver D. All of the above T918. Which neurotransmitter is involved in the control of energy balance and peripheral metabolic processes? It modulates energy intake, nutrient transport, fat and glucose metabolism, insulin resistance, and fat storage A. Dopamine B. Endogenous opiates C. Norepinephrine D. Anandamine (TCH; Marijuana) T919. Activation of anandamide (THC) receptors in the hippocampus A. Increases anger B. Increases forgetting C. Decreases hunger D. Decreases anxiety T921. Which of the following statements about Marijuana is TRUE? A. It relieves chronic nerve pain B. It has antiinflammatory effect (inflammation contributes to arthritis, Alzheirmer’s disease, heart disease, and other diseases) C. It kills cancer cells D. All of the above
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