Chapter 9: Moving Into the Adult Social World
Chapter 9: Moving Into the Adult Social World Psych 2314
Popular in Developmental Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Siân L'Roy on Thursday August 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2314 at Tarrant County College District taught by Dr. Vince Limbo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Tarrant County College District.
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Date Created: 08/18/16
Chapter IX: Moving into the Adult Social World Marcia’s Identity Statues (table 9.1) Diffusion The individual is overwhelmed by the task of achieving an identity and does little to accomplish the task Foreclosure The individual has a status determined by adults rather than by personal exploration Moratorium The individual is examining different alternatives but has yet to find one that’s satisfactory Achievement The individual has explored alternatives and has deliberately chosen a specific identity Achieved in all areas simultaneously? Religion Occupation Adolescent Thinking (table 9.2) Adolescent egocentrism Adolescents are overly concerned with their own thoughts and feelings Imaginary audience Adolescents believe that others are watching them constantly Personal Fable Adolescents believe that their experiences and feelings are unique Illusion of invulnerability Adolescents think that misfortune happens only to others Selfesteem Nurturing families Discipline Extracurricular school activities Grades affect selfesteem in specific discipline o Not overall Storm and Stress Myth Teenagers report positive feelings about their parents o Supported by crosscultural studies Chapter IX: Moving into the Adult Social World Relationship with teenager changes o Greater autonomy o Less time and affectionate with parents Sexual Behavior 2/3 of American adolescents have sexual intercourse at least once by the end of high school More boys than girls African Americans earlier in age Rural and inner cities are more likely than in suburbs Sex: Different meanings for boys and girls Boys o Recreational o Selforiented Girls o Romance o Capacity to form intimate interpersonal relationships Sexual Orientation 15% of adolescent boys and girls report emotional and sexual attraction to a member of their own sex 5% of teenagers identify themselves as homosexual Wait 3 to 5 years to express orientation publicly Biology/ heredity Hormones and genes o Don’t produce sexual orientation per sex o But lead to temperaments that affect children’s preferences for sameandother sex activities o Children that don’t enjoy gendertypical activities see themselves as different; therefore, acquire a different gender identity Date Rape Acquaintance rape Chapter IX: Moving into the Adult Social World Risk factors o Drug and alcohol use (both genders) o Boy’s abused or witnessed domestic violence o Having friends who had perpetrated dating violence
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