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Chapter 11: Forming Relationships in Young and Middle Adulthood

by: Siân L'Roy

Chapter 11: Forming Relationships in Young and Middle Adulthood Psych 2314

Marketplace > Tarrant County College District > Psychology (PSYC) > Psych 2314 > Chapter 11 Forming Relationships in Young and Middle Adulthood
Siân L'Roy


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About this Document

This chapter explains the different types of relationships, different types of abuse, how both genders handle single hood and marriage, and divorce.
Developmental Psychology
Dr. Vince Limbo
Class Notes
developmental psychology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Siân L'Roy on Thursday August 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2314 at Tarrant County College District taught by Dr. Vince Limbo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Tarrant County College District.


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Date Created: 08/18/16
Chapter XI: Forming Relationships in Young and Middle Adulthood Friendships  Females o Intimate and emotional o Base on confiding o Less happy with lots of friends  Males o Based on shared activities or interests o Confiding is inconsistent with competition o Social interaction basis of competition Three Components of Love (Sternberg) #1  Infatuated o Passion  Liking o Intimacy  Consummate Love o Commitment o Intimacy o Passion  Companionate Love o Commitment o Intimacy  Empty o Commitment  Passion(Romantic) o Intimacy o Passion  Fatuous Love o Commitment o Passion #2 Commitment Intimacy Passion Chapter XI: Forming Relationships in Young and Middle Adulthood Assortative Mating  People find partners based on their similarities to each other o Religious beliefs o Physical traits o Education o Age o Socioeconomic status o Intelligence o Political ideology Homogamy (Kalminjin and Flap)  Degree to which people are similar  Attachment styles o Secure o Avoidant Violence  Abusive Relationships o Aggressions towards partner  Battered Woman Syndrome o A woman believes they are powerless to get away from their abuser  Continuum of Aggressive Behaviors o Verbal Aggression­ insults; yelling; name­calling o Physical Aggression­ pushing/slapping; reported in 25 to 40% of committed  relationships Chapter XI: Forming Relationships in Young and Middle Adulthood o Severe Physical Aggression­ Red flag if present at beginning of relationship  (Table 11.1)  Verbal Abuse­ Need to Control, misuse of power, jealousy, marital  discord  Physical Abuse­ Acceptance of violence as means of control, physically  aggressive models, abuse as a child, aggressive personality style, alcohol  abuse  Severe Physical Abuse­ Personality disorders, emotional swings, poor  self­esteem Causes increase in Number with severity Singlehood  Single o Not living with an intimate partner  Women o Ambivalent feelings about being single  More problems than single men o Mugged, raped, burglarized when traveling  Men o Fewer than women remain unmarried  “Marry down” in social status  Select from larger age range o Higher mortality rates o Greater incidence of alcoholism, suicide, and mental health problems Marriage  Average age is increasing o Women at 26 o Men at 28  Couple’s marital satisfaction o With children o Without children Parenting  Single Parents Chapter XI: Forming Relationships in Young and Middle Adulthood o 70% births to African American mothers o 50% births to Latino American mothers o 30% births to European American mothers o Financial problems o Dating  Step Parents o Emotional bonding o Allowing step­children to develop relationship at their own pace  Adoptive Parents o Relationship with biological parent  Foster Parents o Most tenuous relationship  Gay Men and Lesbian Women Parents o Incidence of sexual identity of children o Advantages with Gay Men or Lesbian Women parents  Concerned about being good and nurturing fathers/ mothers  Nonsexist, egalitarian attitudes o Children  Equally adjusted behaviorally  Equivalent cognitive development Divorce  50% Rate o Hispanic rates show variability  Mexican and Cuban Americans have similar rates to European Americans  Puerto Rican is higher o African Americans are the highest rate  High expectations o Partner help grow personally, provide financial support, and sexual partner Post­Divorce Effects  “Divorce Hangover” o 10 years afterwards o Feeling lonely, disappointed, abandoned, and betrayed o Inability to let go or develop new friendships o Feelings of hostility


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