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Chapter 14: The Personal Context of Later Life

by: Siân L'Roy

Chapter 14: The Personal Context of Later Life Psych 2314

Marketplace > Tarrant County College District > Psychology (PSYC) > Psych 2314 > Chapter 14 The Personal Context of Later Life
Siân L'Roy


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About this Document

This chapter describes the theories of aging and goes through the different disorders and diseases that a person can develop in their later years in life.
Developmental Psychology
Dr. Vince Limbo
Class Notes
developmental psychology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Siân L'Roy on Friday August 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2314 at Tarrant County College District taught by Dr. Vince Limbo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Tarrant County College District.

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Date Created: 08/19/16
Chapter XIV: The Personal Context of Later Life Longevity  Number of years a person can live  Average life Expectancy o Half of the people born in a particular year will die  Useful Life Expectancy o Person free from major medical problems and impairments  Maximum Life Expectancy o Oldest age which a person lives Theories of Aging  Programmed cell death o Aging is genetically programmed o Innate ability of cells to self­destruct  Wear and Tear o Body gradually deteriorates and wears out  Free Radicals o Chemicals produced randomly during normal cell metabolism bond easily to other substance and cause damage that impairs functioning o Aging caused by cumulative effects over time o Play a role in Atherosclerosis and Cancer o Antioxidants (Vitamin A,C, and E) postpones appearance of same­age­related  diseases  Cellular o Describes processes within individual cells o Unlimited number of cell divisions o Built up of harmful substances  Good Health Summary o Merely the slowest possible rate at which one can die Neuronal Changes  Neurofibrillary tangles o Occurs normally with age o Large numbers associated with Alzheimer’s disease  Neurotic Plaques o Damaged/ dying neurons collect around protein  Neurotransmitter levels decline Chapter XIV: The Personal Context of Later Life Depression  Dysphoric symptoms (sadness) o Feeling sad or down for more than two weeks o Feeling helpless/tired  Rate declines from young to old age  Latino and European Americans have similar rates and higher than African or Asian  Americans   Causes o Neurotransmitters imbalance o Psychosocial factors  Treatment o Medications: HCA, MAO, and SSRI o Cognitive Therapy: Maladaptive thoughts Anxiety Disorders  Severe anxiety feelings for no apparent reason  Phobias  Obsessive­ Compulsive disorder  More frequently in older individuals  Treatment o Medications: Valium and Librium o Relaxation exercises Alzheimer’s disease  General decline in o Memory, learning, attention, and judgement  Confusion as to time and place  Difficulties in communicating  Decline in personal hygiene and self­care skills  Inappropriate social behavior  Changes in personality  Rate of deterioration varies  Diagnosis by “Ruling Out”, or “Waste Basket” o Autopsy  Causes o Some evidence is genetic  Treatment o No medication reverses course Chapter XIV: The Personal Context of Later Life  


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