Cold War in Asia
Cold War in Asia HIST 2340W
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amaris Mae on Tuesday March 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2340W at George Washington University taught by Brazinsky in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 119 views. For similar materials see History of US Diplomacy in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/24/15
Cold War in Asia US Imitative To create a new world order Democracy y Following the BrettonWood conference 19451950 Period of turmoil in Asian history The Second World War ended the elites of many Asian countries had been discredited And all of Asia was being swept over by indigenous nationalism Demanded radical social changes US death with this by trying to nd one nation in the region that could serve as a surrogate for American ideals By having order US led security framework Liberal capitalism 9 China and Japan Chinese Civil War Con ict between Mao Zedong CCP and Jiang Iesha GMD aka Chiang Kai Shek The Dixie Mission 19441947 Early American views of the CCP Appointment of Patrick Hurley 1944 Sent to negotiate peace between both parties This was America s rst approach to solve the issue peacefully However he had an inward hostility towards the communist Favored the nationalist 9 Became frustrated and resigned American view of Chinese communist was actually favorably Found Jiang Iesha to be corrupt Were naive and looked over some aspects of the communist plan But were quotcharmedquot by Chinese communists Goals of Mao Zedong Unify China under communist rule Reverse China39s quotCentury of Humiliationquot at the nods of imperialist powers Spread revolution through assai with china as a leader 9 These goals do not coincide with American goals Truman Administration Send these Marshall Mission Arrives in 1945 Goal is to bring about reconciliation between GMD and CCP and form united government January 1946 both sides agree to a cease re Spring 1956 Soviet withdrawal form Manchuria and con ict between CCP and GMD forces Occupation ofJapan Phase I 1 Demilitarization a Article IX i Forces Japan to denounce the use of war ii Cannot use war to solve disputes b Dissolution of the Zaibatsu i Large industrial banking combines 1 Had strengthened the military 2 New Construction a Individual rights US occupied Japan from 1945 1952 Changed because of what was happening in China The US and the Tramp of the CCP Pinging Campaign November 1948 January 1949 CCP conquers northern China John Leighton Stuart and accommodation John Know land and Argument against Recognition Ongoing Belief that PRC would eventually be recognized 1949 Mao Zedong Of cials proclaims the formation no the people s republic of china It can either recognize Mao39s China or seek the best relationship possible Or it can continue to recognize the national government set up in Taiwan Recognized as the official government for all of China Some said to pursue talks with Chain Because then you may encourage the liberal element in the Chinese Communist party It also seemed likely that the CCP would hold power The Reverse Course NC 132 occupation will not end until Japan is military secure And when it39s economy had recovered Would not end Japanese economic colonialism in Asia previous policy Stimulation ofJan39s economy through restoration of foreign trade Accelerated private enterprise in Japan Forced Japanese to raise export production Open up Korean and South East Asian markets to Japan Helped conservatives especially Yoshida Shigeru to gain power Began to suppress the left through purges General Marshall January 7 1947 Bring about peace in China Stable democratic form of government Greatest obstacle to peace has been suspicion of the CCP Government is anticommunism But the communists are rising in power and claimed Marxists CCP has liberals and radicals The leadership posts would be reached by the liberal groups in the government and the minority parties Lack political power Have no in uence But action under the leadership of Chiang KaiShek would lead to unity through good government Focus on the liberal youth Wants to empower the minority leaders Believes a compromise can be reached But only through this middle ground Peace cannot be struck between the nationalist and the communist because both are too radical US Ambassador Stuart Report39s Mao s Overture 1949 quotAmerican interests in the welfare of Chinese people as wholequot Huang wanted to have the Communist party recognized by the US Stuart wanted to place armed forced in China especially the marines in Shanghai Desire to protect American lies during civil disturbances Huang discussed the need of china for commercial and other relations with foreign countries Military had been instructed to protect foreigners However the rst communist troops had not been properly trained Senator William Know land Argues against Recognition 1950 Two catastrophic events 1 Soviet atomic developing 2 Establishment of Sovietrecognized communist regime in china Division of the State Department Our long standing far eastern policy was rst compromised at Yalta We gave the Soviet rights in Manchuria which wren to ours to give China White Paper Placed all the blame on the national government lssued with the hope that our own sorry part and share of responsibility might be overlooked The situation is now desperate Make clear that we have no intention or recognizing a communist regime We have a major shakeup in the far eastern division of the state department we cannot expect to get leadership for a new foreign policy Our policy itself will have to be set by our constitution of cers The foreign policy has to be coordinated with economic and defense phases Recommends Gen Douglas MacArthur to lead this We should give supervised aid to the legal government of china The same way we gave it to Korea Our Job in Japan Blames Shinto religion No more Japanese warfare No more Japanese warlord s This will be Japan39s last war We have to get rid of their ideas It has been hammered into their heads Old superstitions Rhetoric relying on outdated tradition US should encourage thinking against this Give them every opportunity quotOur idea is better than the Japanese ideaquot Need to enforce the American way democracy in Japan Get rid ofJapanese propaganda Blames Japanese culture A quotfollow the leaderquot mentality And the militarist Who took advantage of Shinto Turned the country into a war machine
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