Chapter 16: The Final Passage
Chapter 16: The Final Passage Psych 2314
Popular in Developmental Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Siân L'Roy on Friday August 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2314 at Tarrant County College District taught by Dr. Vince Limbo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Tarrant County College District.
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Date Created: 08/19/16
Chapter XVI: The Final Passage Definitions of Death Varies by culture Death as a(n) o Event o State of being o Analogy “dead as a doornail” o Mystery o Boundary o Thief of Meaning o Fear and Anxiety o Reward or Punishment Clinical Death o Lack of heartbeat and respiration Brain Death o Flat EEG o No spontaneous respiration for at least one hour Persistent Vegetative State o Cortical functions cease o Brainstem activity continues and no recovery Living will and durable power of attorney Euthanasia Ending life for reasons of mercy o Passive Withholding available treatment o Active Deliberate ending of life based on the person’s wishes Dr. Jack Kevorkian Oregon and Netherlands laws Death and Dying KublerRoss Five Stages Denial Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance Chapter XVI: The Final Passage Hospice Philosophy o “Promote death with dignity” Does not follow the hospital model of care Pain control and normal functioning Client and family viewed as a unit Free to begin or end relationship Inpatient or Outpatient Kastenbaum’s Hospice Considerations Is the client informed about their condition? What are their available treatment options? What are the client’s expectations, hopes, and fears? Are family members available to participate in terminal care? Grieving Process Bereavement o Condition caused by death (aka. Situation) o A person has no control over this Grief o Feelings following a loss o Process involving choice in coping Grieving is an active coping process o Acknowledge the reality of the loss o Work through the emotional turmoil o Adjust to the environment where the deceases is absent Chapter XVI: The Final Passage o Loosen ties to the deceased Risk Factors Anticipatory grief mixed research results Strength of Attachment o Sudden loss triggers greater grief, but less depression following loss Personality traits Social support buffers grief for older more than middle aged adults The most difficult type to deal with is the death of a child Five Themes in Grieving Coping What people do to help themselves Affect Emotional reactions Change Ways survivors lives change Narrative Stories survivors tell (Romanize the deceased) Relationship Nature of ties between survivor and the deceased Dying Across the Life Span Childhood o Open and Honest o Coping abilities are more limited than adults o Give permission to express feelings o More problems from inadequate care following death from less e.g.: Gerbil dies What do the parents do?; buy new gerbil o Do not use Euphemisms “Went to sleep” “Died and went to Heaven” Adolescence o Grief reaction can be severe o Reluctant to discuss their feelings o Few nonbereaved peers are willing to talked with bereaved students about feelings or even feel comfortable with them o Survivor’s guilt may result in ending relationships with mutual friends Adulthood o More intense feelings o Young Deal with both themselves and young children o Middle to Late Chapter XVI: The Final Passage Death of a parent(s) Death of a spouse
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