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ARH 252 Week 1 Notes

by: Krystyna Kridos

ARH 252 Week 1 Notes ARH 252

Krystyna Kridos
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About this Document

These notes cover the slides covered in class on Friday August 19, 2016.
Survey Of Art I
Mary K. Benefield
Class Notes
Art, history, ArtHistory




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Krystyna Kridos on Friday August 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 252 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mary K. Benefield in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views.


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Date Created: 08/19/16
Notes for August 19, 2016  Prehistoric Europe and the Near East  Paleolithic  ● 40,000 BCE  ● What does something have to have to be considered art?  ○ Human element/intention  ● Personal decoration was the first art form  ○ Jewelry   ○ Shells with holes  ○ Ornamentation  ● Paleolithic ­ old stone age  ● Paleolithic people lived in small groups, were hunters, were nomadic and  followed the food source    ● Waterworn Pebble Resembling Human Face (slide 2)  ○ Makapansgat, South Africa  ○ Reddish, brown jasperite  ○ Approximately 2 ⅜’’ wide  ○ 3,000,000 BCE  ○ Not man made  ○ Person probably saw it and thought it was special    ● Head of a Woman (slide 3)  ○ Grotte du Pape, Brassempouy, France  ○ 25,000­20,000 BCE  ○ Ivory  ○ Everything was small b/c it had to be portable    ● Animal Facing Left (slide 4)  ○ Apollo II cave, Namibia  ○ 23,000 BCE  ○ 5’’ x 4’ ¼’’  ○ Charcoal on stone  ○ Humans tended to draw what was around them (i.e: animals and women)  ○ Depicted what they were seeing  ○ Probably a male animal  ○ Profile view helped with seeing the whole animal and gave the most  information  ○ Used earth based pigments (i.e: charcoal from fire)    ● Human with Feline Head(slide5)  ○ Small scale sculpture  ○ 30,000 BCE ­ 28,000 BCE  ○ Hohlenstein­Stadel, Germany  ○ Mammoth ivory  ○ 11 ⅝ ‘’ tall  ○ Used burin, an engraving tool, to engrave  ○ Took an estimated 400 hours to complete  ○ Perhaps a shamen  ○ Had to be important for someone to make  ○ KNOW FOR TEST    Paleolithic Western Europe and Africa  Mesolithic  ● Man Starts to settle down  ○ Farmers  ○ Townspeople   ○ Transitioning to to sedentary way of life  ○ domesticating    ● Venus of Willendorf {Nude Woman}(Slide 6)  ○ Willendorf, Austria  ○ 28,000­25,000 BCE  ○ Limestone  ○ 4 ¼’’ high  ○ Associate with love and sexuality  ○ Possibly a fertility figurine due to the more emphasized parts of it(i.e:  breasts, hips, pubic area)  ○ Emphasis on women having children  ○ KNOW FOR TEST    ● Woman Holding Bison Horn(Slide 7)  ○ Laussel, France  ○ 25,000­20,000 BCE  ○ Painted Limestone  ○ Relieved sculpture meant to be seen     ● Two Bison Reliefs in Cave(slide 8)  ○ Le Tuc d’Audoubert, France  ○ 15,000­10,000 BCE  ○ Clay  ○ Each 2’ long    ● Cave Paintings(slide 9)  ○ Painted ceiling  ○ Used natural outcropping to make 3D  ○ 12,000­11,000 BCE  ○ Each bison was 5’ long    ● Wall Painting France(slide 11)  ○ 30,000­28,000 BCE or 15,000­13,000 BCE    ● Rhinos, Wounded Men, and disemboweled Bison (Well Scene)(slide 12)  ○ 15,000­13,000 BCE  ○ Lascaux, France  ○ Possibly a complex narrative    ● Great Stone Tower(slide 13)  ○ Jericho  ○ 8,000­7,000 BCE  ○ Possibly used as boundaries  ○ Inner staircase that led up  ○ Shaped and stacked stones    ● Human Skull with Restored Features(slide 14)  ○ Jericho  ○ 7,200­6,700 BCE  ○ Probably displayed in the home  ○ Ancestral worship or having to deal with death in some way  ● Catal Höyük(slide 16)  ○ Restored view  ○ 6,000­5,900 BCE  ○ Experimenting with architecture  ○ Entrance to home through roof   


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