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American (U.S.) History Notes - Discovering America

by: Maggie Hand

American (U.S.) History Notes - Discovering America HIS 2213

Marketplace > Hinds Community College > History > HIS 2213 > American U S History Notes Discovering America
Maggie Hand

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These are some notes from the first week in class. In the beginning, it talks about the Discovery of America and ends with Columbus' second journey to the new world. We will have more notes up next...
American (U.S.) History 1
Mr. Stewart
Class Notes
history, Native Americans, American Literature; Christopher Columbus; John Winthrop; A City Upon a Hill; Auburn; Tigner, America, discovery, notes, Indians, 1492




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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maggie Hand on Friday August 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 2213 at Hinds Community College taught by Mr. Stewart in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see American (U.S.) History 1 in History at Hinds Community College.


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Date Created: 08/19/16
American (U.S.) History Notes – 8/17/16 The Discovery of America - Pre­Columbian Indian Civilization o 1  Humans arrived around 12­15,000 years ago  Came from Asia  Crossed the Land Bridge  Crossed the Bering Strait  Came to America because of resources  Nomad people – People who have no home, follow the resources, hunt for  food o Over the next 500 years, they fanned out and began to populate the western  hemisphere. o Around 1492, estimated over 10 million Native Americans.  Diverse groups  About 400 languages spoken in the Native Americans. - Indian Cultures of North America o About 240 Tribes in 1492 before Columbus arrives. o According to Archeologists there are three major regional groupings in North  America (Divided Picture in PowerPoint)  Eastern Woodland Tribes  1  to get conquered  Most Famous Tribes ­ Creek, Cherokee, and Chickasaw  The Great Plains Tribes  Last to be conquered after the Civil War  Most Famous Tribes ­ Kiowa and Sioux  The Westndn Tribes  2  to be conquered before the Civil War  Examples ­ Yukora and Chinook - The Expansion of Europe o They began looking outward for expansion in the early 1400s. o Europeans had to invent some stuff to help them look outward and expand.  Ships  The Caravel o An ocean going vessel. o Help sail around the world o It has triangular sails. Allows the ship to do something  called “tacking”.  Tacking – makes the ship zigzag  New Navigation Equipment   Had by the early 1400s  Compass o Tells what direction they are heading.  Astrolabe o It’s used for latitude, how far North or South they are.  Motivation o Sailed out looking for silks and spices in Asia  They got these things from the “Silk Roads” (map  online)  Europeans would purchase these items from a city  called Constantinople (capital of Byzantine Empire  (Eastern Roman Empire))  In 1453 A.D., Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Turks (Muslim) and that is why Columbus set out.  Muslims will have a monopoly on these goods  (silks and spices). o Motivation changes to the “three G’s”  Gold  God  They are spreading the word  Glory Notes – 8/19/16 Christopher Columbus - Born in Genoa, Italy 1451 - Became a Cartographer o Map Maker - By the 1480’s, Columbus wants to get to Asia by sailing West. - Supporters o Asked Kings and Queens all over Europe o Eventually, the King and Queen of Spain, Ferdinand II and Isabella, will agree to support Columbus  Gave Columbus 3 ships:  Vina  Pinta  Santa Maria  Enough money to hire 90 men  https://­NZ8Qo Columbus’ Voyage - They set out on August 3, 1492 (Red Line) - October 1492, the crew threatened mutiny on Columbus. th - October 11 ,th492 the crew tells Columbus, “Tomorrow, you will walk the plank.” - October 12 , 1492, they discover land. o Landed in the Bahamas  San Salvador  “Our Savior”  Native Americans: Tainos  Columbus believed that they landed in India and called the Native  Americans “Indians”.  The Tainos had gold in their ears and gold jewelry and it changes  Columbus’ motivation to go get the spices and silk he was  motivated to receive in the first place. - Columbus explored Cuba - Columbus thenthxplored Hispanola - December 25 , Columbus loses a ship. o Nobody was maiming the ship.  Santa Maria o 40 men volunteered to be left behind in Hispanola.  These men screwed things up with the Native Americans which causes  problems later on. - January 1493, Columbus and his men sailed back to Spain. (Red Line) o Columbus will be named Admiral of the Ocean Sea Treaty of Tordesillas - In 1494, Pope Alexander IV, will issue a treaty which will divide the unclaimed world  between Portugal and Spain. o Inside the lines will be Portugal and outside the lines will be Spain. o Spain will get all of North American and most of South America and Portugal  will get Brazil. Later Voyages nd - 1493­1496, Columbus makes his 2  journey. (Green Line) o 17 ships and 1400 men o 2 new groups of people:  Priests – “Godly”  Conquistadors  Conquerors  They are enraged with what they come to see from the men who  was left behind in Hispanola. o Beginning of colonization 


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