Anthropology Week One Lecture and Reading Notes
Anthropology Week One Lecture and Reading Notes 201g
Popular in Introduction to Anthropology
Popular in Cultural Anthropology
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brenna Graham on Friday August 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 201g at New Mexico State University taught by Dr. Kelly jenks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 92 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in Cultural Anthropology at New Mexico State University.
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Date Created: 08/19/16
Introduction to Anthropology: Week 1 August 18, 2016 Anthropology Lecture 1: Introduction and Syllabus Went over importance of Anthropology Anthropology is a broad topic covering the study of humans. Includes history, biology, music, etc. Anthropology touches on all areas of study. (she used diabetes as an example and the ways to study it) Dr. Jenks is a historical anthropologist. We will cover human variation, evolution, archology, culture, language, worldview, politics and money, kinship, globalization in order. Then she focused on the syllabus. Syllabus Points: AT: https://nmsu.instructure.com/courses/1017503/files/84193078?module_item_id=8015801 (NMSU canvas) Contact Info: Teacher: Dr. Kelly Jenks, 305 Breland Hall firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 5756462560 Thursday 24PM GA Tara del Fierro, 307 Breland Hall email@example.com 1:30 3:30 PLA Hannah Antholzner, 307 Breland Hall firstname.lastname@example.org Rules: NO ELECTRONICS (talk to her and she is still ok if you NEED one) Attendance and participation is required and graded (10%) Requires note for excuse. Bring a RED SCANTRON to exams. Late work loses 25points per day late Withdrawals and incompletes same as school policy. Essay and Exams: Due dates 1. Essay topic due 9/13 a. Using preselected canvas posted articles. 2. Essay draft 11/1 3. Final Essay 11/17 1250word minimum and MLA format. Write like national geographic. Quotes discouraged. Answer the questions: What is the problem or question? How did they investigate or solve it? What did they learn? Why should people care? Why is this significant? How does this fit into anthropology? Doc. Or docx. File. Exams Bring green 50 per side Scantron. They only cover material since last exam. Some extra credit on exams. Grading 10% In Class 10% PLA essay draft review 20% Essay 60% Exams (20% each) Home Work: Chapter 1 from Anthropology: What does it mean to be human? TEXTBOOK. NOTES FROM CHAPTER 1 and MODULE 1: Summary of notes: Anthropology examines humanity through many techniques. Biological Anthropology studies human and culture through biology. Cultural anthropology is studying culture in all societies. Basic sub fields of anthropology are covered in this chapter. Module 1 covers the idea that though science uses rules and is based on concrete experience and observation but still considered a type of storytelling. It also covers certain terms. I. Intro a. Authors of the book story on other people eating termites in Africa. Other cultures have customs odd to us that need to be respected II. What is Anthropology a. Anthropologists learn about as many ways of life as they can. b. International studies and ancient ways of life, c. Unfamiliar becoming familiar and the familiar becoming unfamiliar. d. Anthropology is the Study of humanity e. Biology, art, literature, history, linguistics, sociology, political sciences, economics, or other aspects of humanity is studied. f. It is holistic, comparative, data collection and field research g. Anthropologists make generalizations on what it means to human and Study humanity and cultural evolution III. Concept of culture a. Culture – collectively learned behaviors and ideas that humans develop as members of a community along with their items. b. Culture allows us to change the world around us c. Humans dependent on learning for survival d. Why humans behave the way they do ex bug eating e. North American Anthropologists usually trained in biology and culture understanding f. Humans are bioculturalcodetermined by biology and culture g. Without biology culture wouldn’t happen while survival depends on learning. h. Material cultureobjects or art created by humans i. The same object has different meanings in different cultures. IV. What Makes Anthropology a Cross Disciplinary Discipline? a. For main categories: biological, linguistic, cultural and archaeology. b. Bring together fresh concepts and the subfields together V. Biological Anthropology a. Discovering differences and similarities between humans and animals b. Anthropologists tried to classify individuals making races i. Races include skin color, and language and culture ii. Linnaeus determined races: White(Caucasian), American, Asian, and “Negro” (African) iii. He also assigned personality attributes to the races due to the cultural values iv. They used false findings to justify racism v. Races thought to be fixed and unchanging subdivisions of humanity vi. Traditional racial traits don’t correlate to other traits (moral, mental, physical, and behavioral). c. Fields of biological anthropology: PrimatologyStudy of nonhuman primates, paleoanthropology study of fossilized humanity, skeletal anthropology study of human skeleton. d. Focus is also on medical areas as well e. Study of ancient DNA f. Traces of stuff left in containers hint at dietary habits VI. Cultural Anthropology a. Cultural anthropology focuses on behavior ex ethics, culture etc. b. One topic Explaining variation in gender actions or roles c. Cultural anthropologists tend specialize in one area d. Interests in social organization in all society times e. Some cultures don’t have organizations yet they have a full range of social relations f. They study Various things: i. Kinship, belongings, tools, cultural action, technology ii. Cybernetics technologies that cause people to form mental and emotional bonds to machines and others. iii. Cyborg anthropology focuses on ethics of machine hybrids (ex. artificial intelligence) g. Modern analyses based on history h. Terms: i. Fieldworkclose involvement with people being studies, ii. Informantspeople who help anthropologists, iii. ethnography anthropologist’s description of a culture, iv. ethnologycomparison of 2+ cultures VII. Linguistic Anthropology a. Study of symbols and communication b. Focus on social norms surrounding language c. Figure out languages relation to other areas of study. VIII. Archeology a. Study of the past using remains b. Search for patterns of life c. Find age of artifacts d. Traces spread of cultural technology IX. Applied Anthropology a. Subfield where they propose solutions to modern problems b. Ex introduce new health practices by studying other cultures etc. c. Or market research, law, pollution etc. X. Medical anthropology a. Links biological and cultural anthropology b. Factors contributing to health and medicine c. Links illness to setting d. Social division examined and consequences XI. Uses of Anthropology a. Unfamiliar is liberating. b. Interconnected world makes cultural understanding necessary c. Social agility, observation skills, analysis and planning, interpreting behavior, etc. XII. Module 1: Anthropology, Science, and Storytelling a. Scientific and nonscientific Explanations i. The two types of explanations are similar. ii. Both science and cultural myths tell stories iii. Example given uses two sources one giving a creation story the other is the scientific explanation both being similar in structure and focus on explanation of the universe iv. Anthropologists say myths are stories explaining the world, so scientific explanations are myths. v. Myths usually connect to contemporary experience of life. vi. Science believes examining the world can explain the universe. vii. Science uses rules and is based on evidence but considered a type of storytelling b. Some key Scientific Concepts i. Terms, examples are on the corresponding page. 1. Assumptions unquestioned understanding of the way the world works 2. Evidence what we see when we examine the world 3. Material evidence – physical objects or information recorded about them. Can be inspected by anyone and can’t speak for themselves 4. Inferred evidence material evidence plus interpretation, uses emphasis on certain aspects of a material to prove an idea 5. Hypothesisstatements connect fact and interpretation or they are guesses about the future based on current data 6. Testability requirement to test hypothesis correctness and multiple test prove correctness. 7. Theories in normal speech is an unproven idea but scientifically it is a well proven idea via testing. 8. Objectivity judgment free of personal bias. Important n scientific research. 9. Science studies research done connecting various parts of society which makes science possible and successful.
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