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Anthropology Week One Lecture and Reading Notes

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by: Brenna Graham

Anthropology Week One Lecture and Reading Notes 201g

Marketplace > New Mexico State University > Cultural Anthropology > 201g > Anthropology Week One Lecture and Reading Notes
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About this Document

This includes the first class, notes on the syllabus, and the first reading notes
Introduction to Anthropology
Dr. Kelly jenks
Class Notes
Intro to Anthroplogy, Anthro, Introd to Cul Anthro, Introduction to Cultural Anthropology, Anthropology




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Madeleine Stefhon

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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brenna Graham on Friday August 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 201g at New Mexico State University taught by Dr. Kelly jenks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 92 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in Cultural Anthropology at New Mexico State University.

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Date Created: 08/19/16
Introduction to Anthropology: Week 1 August 18, 2016 Anthropology Lecture 1: Introduction and Syllabus Went over importance of Anthropology Anthropology is a broad topic covering the study of humans. Includes history, biology, music,  etc.  Anthropology touches on all areas of study. (she used diabetes as an example and the ways to  study it)  Dr. Jenks is a historical anthropologist.  We will cover human variation, evolution, archology, culture, language, worldview, politics and  money, kinship, globalization in order. Then she focused on the syllabus. Syllabus Points: AT:  (NMSU canvas) Contact Info: Teacher: Dr. Kelly Jenks, 305 Breland Hall Phone: 575­646­2560 Thursday  2­4PM GA Tara del Fierro, 307 Breland Hall 1:30 ­3:30 PLA Hannah Antholzner, 307 Breland Hall Rules:  NO ELECTRONICS (talk to her and she is still ok if you NEED one)  Attendance and participation is required and graded (10%) Requires note for excuse.  Bring a RED SCANTRON to exams.  Late work loses 25points per day late  Withdrawals and incompletes same as school policy. Essay and Exams: Due dates 1. Essay topic due 9/13 a. Using preselected canvas posted articles. 2. Essay draft 11/1 3. Final Essay 11/17 1250­word minimum and MLA format. Write like national geographic. Quotes discouraged.  Answer the questions: What is the problem or question? How did they investigate or solve it?  What did they learn? Why should people care? Why is this significant? How does this fit into  anthropology? Doc. Or docx. File.  Exams  Bring green 50 per side Scantron. They only cover material since last exam. Some extra credit on exams. Grading 10% In Class 10% PLA essay draft review 20% Essay 60% Exams (20% each) Home Work: Chapter 1 from Anthropology: What does it mean to be human? TEXTBOOK. NOTES FROM CHAPTER 1 and MODULE 1: Summary of notes: Anthropology examines humanity through many techniques. Biological  Anthropology studies human and culture through biology. Cultural anthropology is studying  culture in all societies. Basic sub fields of anthropology are covered in this chapter. Module 1  covers the idea that though science uses rules and is based on concrete experience and  observation but still considered a type of storytelling. It also covers certain terms. I. Intro a. Authors of the book story on other people eating termites in Africa. Other cultures have customs odd to us that need to be respected II. What is Anthropology a.  Anthropologists learn about as many ways of life as they can. b. International studies and ancient ways of life, c. Unfamiliar becoming familiar and the familiar becoming unfamiliar. d. Anthropology is the Study of humanity e. Biology, art, literature, history, linguistics, sociology, political sciences,  economics, or other aspects of humanity is studied. f. It is holistic, comparative, data collection and field research g. Anthropologists make generalizations on what it means to human and Study  humanity and cultural evolution III. Concept of culture a. Culture – collectively learned behaviors and ideas that humans develop as  members of a community along with their items. b. Culture allows us to change the world around us c. Humans dependent on learning for survival d. Why humans behave the way they do ex bug eating e. North American Anthropologists usually trained in biology and culture  understanding f. Humans are biocultural­codetermined by biology and culture g. Without biology culture wouldn’t happen while survival depends on learning. h. Material culture­objects or art created by humans i. The same object has different meanings in different cultures. IV. What Makes Anthropology a Cross Disciplinary Discipline? a. For main categories: biological, linguistic, cultural and archaeology. b. Bring together fresh concepts and the subfields together V. Biological Anthropology a. Discovering differences and similarities between humans and animals b. Anthropologists tried to classify individuals making races i. Races include skin color, and language and culture ii. Linnaeus determined races: White(Caucasian), American, Asian, and  “Negro” (African) iii. He also assigned personality attributes to the races due to the cultural  values iv. They used false findings to justify racism v. Races thought to be fixed and unchanging subdivisions of humanity vi. Traditional racial traits don’t correlate to other traits (moral, mental,  physical, and behavioral). c. Fields of biological anthropology: Primatology­Study of non­human primates,  paleoanthropology­ study of fossilized humanity, skeletal anthropology­ study of  human skeleton. d. Focus is also on medical areas as well e. Study of ancient DNA f. Traces of stuff left in containers hint at dietary habits  VI. Cultural Anthropology a. Cultural anthropology focuses on behavior ex ethics, culture etc. b. One topic Explaining variation in gender actions or roles c. Cultural anthropologists tend specialize in one area d. Interests in social organization in all society times e. Some cultures don’t have organizations yet they have a full range of social  relations f. They study Various things: i.  Kinship, belongings, tools, cultural action, technology ii. Cybernetics­ technologies that cause people to form mental and emotional  bonds to machines and others. iii. Cyborg anthropology focuses on ethics of machine hybrids (ex. artificial  intelligence) g.  Modern analyses based on history h. Terms:  i. Fieldwork­close involvement with people being studies,  ii. Informants­people who help anthropologists,  iii. ethnography­ anthropologist’s description of a culture,  iv. ethnology­comparison of 2+ cultures VII. Linguistic Anthropology a. Study of symbols and communication b. Focus on social norms surrounding language c. Figure out languages relation to other areas of study. VIII. Archeology a. Study of the past using remains b. Search for patterns of life c. Find age of artifacts d. Traces spread of cultural technology IX. Applied Anthropology a. Subfield where they propose solutions to modern problems b. Ex introduce new health practices by studying other cultures etc. c. Or market research, law, pollution etc. X. Medical anthropology a. Links biological and cultural anthropology b. Factors contributing to health and medicine  c. Links illness to setting d. Social division examined and consequences XI. Uses of Anthropology a. Unfamiliar is liberating. b. Interconnected world makes cultural understanding necessary c. Social agility, observation skills, analysis and planning, interpreting behavior, etc. XII. Module 1: Anthropology, Science, and Storytelling a. Scientific and nonscientific Explanations i. The two types of explanations are similar. ii. Both science and cultural myths tell stories iii. Example given uses two sources one giving a creation story the other is  the scientific explanation both being similar in structure and focus on  explanation of the universe iv. Anthropologists say myths are stories explaining the world, so scientific  explanations are myths. v. Myths usually connect to contemporary experience of life. vi. Science believes examining the world can explain the universe. vii. Science uses rules and is based on evidence but considered a type of  storytelling b. Some key Scientific Concepts i. Terms, examples are on the corresponding page. 1. Assumptions­ unquestioned understanding of the way the world  works 2. Evidence­ what we see when we examine the world 3. Material evidence – physical objects or information recorded about them. Can be inspected by anyone and can’t speak for themselves 4. Inferred evidence­ material evidence plus interpretation, uses  emphasis on certain aspects of a material to prove an idea 5. Hypothesis­statements connect fact and interpretation or they are  guesses about the future based on current data 6. Testability­ requirement to test hypothesis correctness and multiple test prove correctness.  7. Theories­ in normal speech is an unproven idea but scientifically it  is a well proven idea via testing. 8. Objectivity­ judgment free of personal bias. Important n scientific  research. 9. Science studies­ research done connecting various parts of society  which makes science possible and successful. 


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