New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

random essay from another class

by: Justin Larremore

random essay from another class history 1060

Marketplace > University of North Texas > History > history 1060 > random essay from another class
Justin Larremore
GPA 3.5
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for World History 1600 to Present

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive World History 1600 to Present notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

this is just a practice upload
World History 1600 to Present
Kristin Bocchine
Class Notes




Popular in World History 1600 to Present

Popular in History

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Justin Larremore on Friday August 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to history 1060 at University of North Texas taught by Kristin Bocchine in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see World History 1600 to Present in History at University of North Texas.


Reviews for random essay from another class


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/19/16
Justin Larremore HNRS 1500 Dr. Major Galileo Paper In Galileo’s The Starry Messenger, he presents the findings of his astronomical research  over the course of approximately ten months. He begins with his adaptation of the recently  invented telescope for celestial viewing.  With his new tool, he stumbled across several major  phenomenon and, with the due diligence of a scientist, investigated them thoroughly.  Galileo’s  essay is his vocalized argument proving the truth and validity of what he had found with  meticulous, detailed and well­documented notes along with sound reasoning.  Despite the things  that Galileo could be nothing but ignorant of, the majority of his work is irrefutable and his logic  makes perfect sense.   Galileo first describes in brief what it is he is going to be writing about.  He asserts that  they are “Great indeed…” and worthy of study.  He also makes a special note to mention his  telescope and the fact that none of his discoveries would have been made without its aid.  Galileo lists the incredible things he has witnessed and states, in short, how important they are to the  further progression of science.  In his introduction, Galileo lays out the form and structure of his  essay so all who read it may understand what it is he is getting towards.  This detail is what helps to keep perspective on the scope of his work as he digs into the trenches of his individual  arguments.   Galileo ordered his paper in such a way that it is reminiscent of Descartes’ method of  logical reasoning.  He starts with concepts easy to understand and builds on those conclusions to  form more complex results.  Galileo opens with the explanation of his spyglass/telescope.  He  describes the inner workings and the technical specifications in order to banish any doubt about  Justin Larremore HNRS 1500 Dr. Major the possible failure of his instrument.  He remarks on the possibilities of using such a tool for  more practical endeavors to legitimize the importance of it to less studious people.  Galileo  thankfully draws a diagram in order to visually explain his spyglass and also to assist others in  the making of one themselves.  If completed correctly, then the amateur telescopes should only  confirm everything Galileo said of them and their capabilities.  Unsurprisingly, the first thing Galileo observed with his newfound device was the moon.  Up until this time, everyone believed the moon to be a perfect orb with what some believed to be oceans swirling around.  Galileo found, through magnification via the telescope, that the moon  was covered in spots.  He wrote, “From observations of these spots repeated man times I have  been led to the…conviction that the surface of the moon is not smooth, uniform, and precisely  spherical…but is uneven, rough, and full of cavities and prominences…”  The evidence that he  used to support his conclusion was based mainly off of the boundary line between the light and  darkened sides of the moon.  As the moon orbits the Earth, the sun’s rays strike it at differing  angles causing the phases of the moon visible from Earth.  Galileo states that if the moon were  perfect, then the boundary line would also be perfectly rounded.  He discovered that upon closer  inspection it was not.  Galileo starts to see mountains on the surface of the moon and their peaks  are lightened by the sun even though they may be in the shaded portion of the moon.  Galileo  compared it to mountains and plains on Earth.  Along with his detailed descriptions, he also drew no less than five illustrations of his observations to represent to the readers what he saw.   An unforeseen benefit of the telescope was the ability to see stars too dim for the human  eye to perceive.  This unlocked thousands of new celestial objects for astronomers to observe.   However, Galileo was puzzled by why they were not magnified in the same way as the moon or  Justin Larremore HNRS 1500 Dr. Major terrestrial targets on Earth.  He thought through this problem and concluded that the telescope,  “…removes from the stars their adventitious and accidental rays, and then it enlarges their  simple globes…”  Although this claim could not be supported fully with evidence, it did  reasonably make sense to Galileo and his audience.  Interestingly enough, however, was what  such an effect had on revealing the differences between the stars and “wanderers” or planets.   The planets were lighted wholly and appeared as spheres, while the fixed stars appeared more as  candles of fire in the sky.  Galileo also noticed that the Milky Way galaxy was not just a cloud of aether, but rather a large collection of stars in masses distributed throughout the sky unevenly.   Galileo drew four depictions of different labeled nebulas which was the seventeenth­century  equivalent of a photograph to prove his claims.  This coupled with the availability of a telescope  made it possible for others to verify the findings.   Perhaps the most controversial of Galileo’s discoveries was the four “Medicean stars”,  later on known as Jupiter’s moons.  Galileo was looking through his telescope at the planet  Jupiter when he noticed three other bodies in a straight East­West line with the planet.  The next  night, the three bodies were all positioned in a line on the West side of Jupiter.  At first, Galileo  assumed that it must be Jupiter moving, but after four nights of watching and charting Jupiter’s  usual course, Galileo found that it was the opposite.  Galileo compared their revolving around  Jupiter to Venus and Mercury’s revolutions around the Sun.  For two months Galileo tracked the  movements of these unusual stars around Jupiter, noting their distance, position, and rate of  change relative to a fixed star.  In the process of this, a fourth star was found and likewise  recorded.  Through his accurate distance measurements, Galileo found that the four never moved more than a certain distance away from Jupiter and established that there was a particular order  Justin Larremore HNRS 1500 Dr. Major to their motion.  All of his notations on Jupiter’s stars have their distances stated so that, again,  anyone who would care to may also observe their movements across the heavens.   Galileo made a lot of assertions, but his conclusions were backed up by his copious and  detailed notes.  He proceeded methodically and slowly.  Every observation and bit of data were  but blocks for him to build his manor with.  He created a way to accurately measure distance and size from a telescope, then he used that technique to track Jupiter’s moons.  He looked at the  moon’s surface and compared it to Earthly examples in order to prove its uneven shape.  Galileo  did not have photographic evidence, but he charted everything he saw and made it possible for  countless others to corroborate his findings themselves.  He coupled observation with deliberate,  logical thought processes to draw connections between various concepts that related to what he  was looking at.  It was the ability to make those connections that allowed Galileo to prove what  he knew to be true to an audience that, for the most part, did not want to believe him.               


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.