MNGT 3460 - Organizational Behavior: Chapter 1
MNGT 3460 - Organizational Behavior: Chapter 1 MNGT 3460
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Watts on Saturday August 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MNGT 3460 at Auburn University taught by Jeremy David Mackey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Organizational Behavior in Management at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 08/20/16
● What is organizational behavior? ○ Field of study devoted to understanding explaining and ultimately improving the attitudes and behaviors of individuals and groups in organizations ● Human resource management ○ Field of study that focuses on the applications of organizational behavior theories and principles in organizations Strategic management ■ Field of study devoted to exploring the product choices and industry characteristics that affect an organization's profitability ● Resource based view of organizations ○ A model that argues that rare and inimitable resources help firms maintain competitive advantage ■ Resources: ● Inimitiable incapable of being imitated or copied ● History a collective pool of experience, wisdom, and knowledge created by people that benefits the organization ● Numerous small decisions people making small decisions every day that are invisible to competitors ● Socially complex resources resources created by people, such as culture, teamwork, trust, and reputation. The source of competitive advantage is known, but the method of replicating the advantage is unclear ● Rule of 1/8th ○ ½ of managers in orgs will not believe the connection between management and profits ○ ½ of managers who believe the connection will make a single change to solve problems ○ ½ of managers will persist with comprehensive changes ● Organizational behavior knowledge ○ Method of experience ■ Theory that people hold firmly to some belief because it is consistent with their own experience and observations ○ Method of intuition theory that people hold firmly to some belief because it “just stands to reason” it seems obvious or self evident ○ Method of authority ■ Theory that people hold firmly to some belief because some respected official, agency, or sources has said it is so ○ Method of science ■ Theory that people accept some belief because scientific studies have tended to replicate that result using a series of samples, settings, and methods ● Scientific Method ○ Theory ■ Verbal and symbolic assertions that specify how and why variables are related, as well as the conditions in which they should (and should not be) related ○ Hypotheses ■ Written predictions that specify relationships between variables ○ Correlation ( r ) ■ Describes the statistical relationship between two variables ■ R can range from 0 to I 1 I ■ Correlation does not imply causation ● Metaanalysis WILL BE ON TEST ○ A method that combines the results of multiple scientific studies by essentially calculating a weighted average correlation across studies (with larger studies receiving more weight than smaller studies_ ● Evidence based management ○ A perspective that argues that scientific findings should form the foundation for management education ● Application questions: ○ Nova flies around Jordan Hare stadium at the beginning of Auburn's home football games. Novas experience flying around the football stadium is rare. According to the _______, nova is valuable to auburn ■ Economic theory of the firm ■ Integrative theory of organizational behavior ■ Normative selection model ■ Performance based theory of organizations ■ Resource based view of organiziation ○ AUbie is interested in the effects of motivation on performance. Aubie knows that there have been several studies done on this subject, so Aubie calculates an average correlation across different studies. Aubie is conducting a _______. ■ Moderated analysis ■ Mediation analysis ■ Linear analysis ■ Curvilinear analysis ■ Meta analysis
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