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Social Psychology Week 1 Notes

by: Ivy Notetaker

Social Psychology Week 1 Notes Psyc 3580

Marketplace > Auburn University > Psychology > Psyc 3580 > Social Psychology Week 1 Notes
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About this Document

From 8/16/16 and 8/18/16 on the history, methods, and ethics of social psychology.
Social Psychology
Dr. Gitter
Class Notes
social, Psychology




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ivy Notetaker on Saturday August 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 3580 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Gitter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology at Auburn University.

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Date Created: 08/20/16
Social Psychology Dr. Gitter   8/16/16 Social psychology­ the scientific study of how people think about others, influence others, and  relate to one another ­ Judging based on first impressions ­ Stereotypes ­ Others presence influence our behavior and vice versa Topics we’re going to study: ­ Why do we make the decisions we do? ­ What determines who we are attracted to? ­ Why do we dislike people who are different? ­ What determines when and who we help? *altruism ­ Why do we act aggressively? ­ How do we persuade people? 8/18/16 History and Methods History of social psychology:  ­ Psychology studies started in the late 1800s­ sensation and perceptions *Norman Triplett (1897)­ “grandfather of social psychology” st  1  experiment: bike racing­ better times when with competition or other racers around o Competition Machine­ asked kids to roll up fishing line and recorded times. 1. With no one else around. 2. with “coactors” (competition)­ times significantly faster  Social facilitation­ performing simple tasks in front of other people greatly influences  performance; different results when working together or as a team *Ringlemann (1913)  Humans used less effort when working together. ­Comparative studies­ comparing animals and human’s performances  Social loafing­when working with other people, we can rely on other people; ex. the  person that does nothing in group project  Sucker effect­ no one wants to put in the most effort ­Different early psychology “schools” influenced social psychology.  Internal thought processes  *Freud  psychoanalysis­ the unconscious mind; mental health, personalities, differences ­ Cognitive processes­ when you have to think about something before you do it ­ Automatic behaviors­ in subconscious; do not have to think about it before performing  it; influences our behavior without us knowing it; 90­95% of our behavior is automatic;  Ex. walking Freud’s beliefs: ­ Eros­ drive for life; sex and reproduction ­ Thanatos­ drive for death ­ Unconscious is bad. *William James­ “father of American psychology”  Functional psychology­ reason we experience fear­ safety and survival (flight or fight  response)  Structural psychology­ describing abstracts Ex. What does fear feel like? *Cooley  Self­concept­ being aware of personality characteristics, skills, abilities, weaknesses,  etc.; can be used to understand world around you; “self­knowledge”; Ex. Introverts don’t  go to parties where they know they’ll have to conserve with strangers.  Psychosophy­ thinking about human behavior, not studying it *B.F.Skinner­ “School of Radical Behaviorism”; believed we should only study overt (outside)  behavior, not covert (inside); started doing research, but just on behavior­ started psychology as  we know it today ­ Actually set the study of psychology back b/c he only looked at behavior, but brought  about more popularity for empirical studies.  Cognitive Revolution (1960s­1990s) World War II­ increased interest in personality assessment; personality psychology; used to  give soldiers aptitude tests before assigning to jobs  Personality psychology­ personality characteristics and outcomes Holocaust and Nuremburg trials­ interest in obedience and conformity; “someone (superior) told  me to do it” Milgram Obedience study *Sherif­ social influence; peer pressure, not necessarily authority figures 1950s­1960s­ “Hey day” of social psychology; just getting started 1960s­1990s­ Power of the Situation Prison riots  Stanford Prison Experiment *Zimbardo (1971) ­ “Prisoners” had anxiety and psychological problems within 2 days b/c of abuse by “guards”.  So many ethical issues! Experimenters must consider the effects on the subjects.  Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment­ didn’t give or tell infected people about cure that was  discovered during experiment  Ethics of Experimental Research Institutional Review Board (IRB) Informed Consent­ signed informational document Use deception only if necessary­ have to tell what you’re being exposed to, not  necessarily why though Protect people from harm o Minimal risk­ no more harm than subject would be exposed to on a typical day;  or must inform subjects of risks Information about participants should remain confidential­ only people in study should  know only what’s needed for experiments Debrief participants at the end­ must tell if they were deceived, give option for subjects to have their personal data deleted from experiment, subject can report deception to IRB o Must tell participants what you did, why you did it, and information about what  the research is going to be used for.


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