Social Psychology Week 1 Notes
Social Psychology Week 1 Notes Psyc 3580
Popular in Social Psychology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Psychology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ivy Notetaker on Saturday August 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 3580 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Gitter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology at Auburn University.
Reviews for Social Psychology Week 1 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 08/20/16
Social Psychology Dr. Gitter 8/16/16 Social psychology the scientific study of how people think about others, influence others, and relate to one another Judging based on first impressions Stereotypes Others presence influence our behavior and vice versa Topics we’re going to study: Why do we make the decisions we do? What determines who we are attracted to? Why do we dislike people who are different? What determines when and who we help? *altruism Why do we act aggressively? How do we persuade people? 8/18/16 History and Methods History of social psychology: Psychology studies started in the late 1800s sensation and perceptions *Norman Triplett (1897) “grandfather of social psychology” st 1 experiment: bike racing better times when with competition or other racers around o Competition Machine asked kids to roll up fishing line and recorded times. 1. With no one else around. 2. with “coactors” (competition) times significantly faster Social facilitation performing simple tasks in front of other people greatly influences performance; different results when working together or as a team *Ringlemann (1913) Humans used less effort when working together. Comparative studies comparing animals and human’s performances Social loafingwhen working with other people, we can rely on other people; ex. the person that does nothing in group project Sucker effect no one wants to put in the most effort Different early psychology “schools” influenced social psychology. Internal thought processes *Freud psychoanalysis the unconscious mind; mental health, personalities, differences Cognitive processes when you have to think about something before you do it Automatic behaviors in subconscious; do not have to think about it before performing it; influences our behavior without us knowing it; 9095% of our behavior is automatic; Ex. walking Freud’s beliefs: Eros drive for life; sex and reproduction Thanatos drive for death Unconscious is bad. *William James “father of American psychology” Functional psychology reason we experience fear safety and survival (flight or fight response) Structural psychology describing abstracts Ex. What does fear feel like? *Cooley Selfconcept being aware of personality characteristics, skills, abilities, weaknesses, etc.; can be used to understand world around you; “selfknowledge”; Ex. Introverts don’t go to parties where they know they’ll have to conserve with strangers. Psychosophy thinking about human behavior, not studying it *B.F.Skinner “School of Radical Behaviorism”; believed we should only study overt (outside) behavior, not covert (inside); started doing research, but just on behavior started psychology as we know it today Actually set the study of psychology back b/c he only looked at behavior, but brought about more popularity for empirical studies. Cognitive Revolution (1960s1990s) World War II increased interest in personality assessment; personality psychology; used to give soldiers aptitude tests before assigning to jobs Personality psychology personality characteristics and outcomes Holocaust and Nuremburg trials interest in obedience and conformity; “someone (superior) told me to do it” Milgram Obedience study *Sherif social influence; peer pressure, not necessarily authority figures 1950s1960s “Hey day” of social psychology; just getting started 1960s1990s Power of the Situation Prison riots Stanford Prison Experiment *Zimbardo (1971) “Prisoners” had anxiety and psychological problems within 2 days b/c of abuse by “guards”. So many ethical issues! Experimenters must consider the effects on the subjects. Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment didn’t give or tell infected people about cure that was discovered during experiment Ethics of Experimental Research Institutional Review Board (IRB) Informed Consent signed informational document Use deception only if necessary have to tell what you’re being exposed to, not necessarily why though Protect people from harm o Minimal risk no more harm than subject would be exposed to on a typical day; or must inform subjects of risks Information about participants should remain confidential only people in study should know only what’s needed for experiments Debrief participants at the end must tell if they were deceived, give option for subjects to have their personal data deleted from experiment, subject can report deception to IRB o Must tell participants what you did, why you did it, and information about what the research is going to be used for.