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Organic Chemistry 225, Review and Introductory Notes

by: Brandi Winters

Organic Chemistry 225, Review and Introductory Notes CHE 225

Brandi Winters

GPA 3.3
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About this Document

These notes are a small review from general chemistry material transitioning into organic chemistry material.
Organic Chemistry
Ms. Sengupta
Class Notes
electron configuration, hybridization, valence electrons, Octet Rule




Popular in Organic Chemistry

Popular in Chemistry

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brandi Winters on Saturday August 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHE 225 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Ms. Sengupta in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry in Chemistry at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.


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Date Created: 08/20/16
   Organic chemistry contains 2 of the most important elements: carbon and hydrogen.  The electron configuration of carbon is 6. # of protons and neutrons ----> 12 C # of protons ---------------------> 6 (when there is no charge, # of protons = # of electrons) (e- means electrons) *Shell 1 (s) *Shell 2 (s,p) *Shell 3 (s,p,d) 2e- in one orbital 8e- in 4 orbitals 18e- in 9 orbitals *Shell 4 (s,p,d,f) *The # of e- represents the maximum # of e- 32e- in 16 orbitals that can fit in that orbital.  Valence electrons are electrons in the outermost shell.  For example: carbon has 4 valence electrons. Why?  Because the outermost shell is 2 and it contains 4 e-  Electrons must be excited for a reaction to occur. -energy given (sound, light, heat, etc.)  Once energy is given the valence e- are put into a shell of 4 orbitals.  The valence shell need 4 more e- to fulfill the octet rule.  The octet rule requires elements to have 8 e- in the valence shell. -they will behave as noble gas elements (He, Ne, Ar, Kr)  There has to be added hydrogen(H) e- and a mixing of orbitals.  This is known as hybridization.  For the carbon example, an addition of 4 hydrogen e- helps fulfill the octet rule with hybrid orbitals (4 sp^3 orbitals of carbon and 4 s orbitals of hydrogen)  This creates a tetrahedral figure of 109 degree angles and a total of 4 sigma bonds. 2


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