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Biology 110- First Day of Class notes

by: Walker Notetaker

Biology 110- First Day of Class notes Biology 110

Marketplace > University of Louisiana at Lafayette > Biology > Biology 110 > Biology 110 First Day of Class notes
Walker Notetaker
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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Chapter 1. Notes from the first lecture from Dr. Griffard.
General Biology
Dr. Griffard
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Walker Notetaker on Saturday August 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Biology 110 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Dr. Griffard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see General Biology in Biology at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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Date Created: 08/20/16
Chapter 1  Introduction: o Biology goes from biosphere (everything) to atoms (extremely small) o Mendelian genetics­ predicts what the probability is that something will look/act  the way it does and why. This is a study on the molecular level. Predicts patterns  of inheritance  Learning objectives: o Apply fundamental biological concepts to real­world context encountered in daily life o Explain the role of research in generating biological knowledge  Science is a process  Research­ generates new knowledge o Two research approaches:  Discovery approach­ naturalistic data collection  Research question is something like “what is it?” “what is out  there?” “how many of them are there?”  Discovery approach is not trying to explain the results they get; it  just wants to identify what is in front of them  Discovery approach asks what  Hypothesis Approach­ question is testing a scientific idea or cause  Hypothesis approach asks “Why are there less fish this year” or  “Did the oil change spill change the bacterial ecosystem?”  Hypothesis approach asks why  Hypothesis approach is not possible without the discovery approach.   You cannot ask “why are there less fish this year” if you don’t  know that there is less fish  **In class we discussed whether oil lubricating a sword fish’s head is for the purpose of speed. This was a discovery based approach.  Created experiments to test their hypothesis (removing oil glands,  shooting a bullet coated with the oil, looking at similar oil­gland­ producing fish, etc.)­ through­water­swordfish­reduce­drag ** o Cystic Fibrosis  Discovery approach identified the CFTR gene responsible for CF  Comparing its DNA sequence to others led them to hypothesize that CFTR is a transport protein   Hypothesis VS Theory VS Law vs Fact  o Hypothesis­ tentative explanation about some particular phenomenon that can be  subjected to testing in a set of controlled experiments in a single research group  As a hypothesis is tested in a wide variety of contexts and gains support  with a lot of different kinds of evidence, it begins to be called a theory  o Theory­ a way we KNOW something works based on the evidence we have  collected   Theories can make predictions about how things are and how things will  we  A theory is the best explanation that can be produced in science. It is not  just an idea.   Theories pass the toughest tests of science  o Facts­ observations about the world around us o Hypothesis­ Explanations for the facts around us o Law­ detailed description of how something happens; it is a relationship (usually  mathematical) that has been observed over and over.  Has mathematical relationship  Law of gravity  **watch at home** o Fact­ Not an explanation. It is a single indisputable piece of information about an  event (like a score of a game or the temperature yesterday). 


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