History Week 9
History Week 9 History 241
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Truppo on Saturday August 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 241 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Robert Bast in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Western civilization in History at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 08/20/16
World History 241 10.13.2015 Unit 5 Lecture 2 I. The Problem of Succession A. The Julio-Claudian Line: Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero Followed dynastic rule (descendants of Augustus) Didn’t measure up to Augustus Tiberius: great general, didn’t want to be emperor, may have been poisoned by Caligula Allegedly raped several boys, then had their legs broken Caligula: possibly insane, self-proclaimed god Spent lavishly and depleted treasury Killed rich people to replenish state wealth Committed incest with possibly all 3 of his sisters Ate dinner and watched people get tortured Proposed own horse to be elected Senate (insane of disdain for Senate) Murdered by his own guard, once again violence became a political tool Claudius: also didn’t want to emperor Intelligent but viewed with disdain because he was physically handicapped (weak) Also died mysteriously (poison?) Nero: possibly insane, “the very worst" Jungle room Thought of himself as talented musician and actor, performed badly and always came in ﬁrst Took formal note of Christians, blamed them for ﬁre and executed them Committed suicide Almost every emperors reign began and ended with violence B. The Keys to Roman Success 1. The Imperial Staﬀ Composed of men picked for merit and intelligence 2. City Magistrates and the Tradition of Public Service Urban network with democratic system 3. Exporting Culture and Expanding Citizenship Armies stationed on the frontier Men would often be away for 20 years, awarded land for service Married women where they were stationed and spread Roman culture Roman citizenship awarded 4. Apolitical Military Force (non political) Military machine When army stays out of politics, empire ﬂourishes II. The “Five Good Emperors” and the Pax Romana: 96-192 CE End of Dynastic System by blood Nerva: chosen to lead after by Senate In order to ensure stability, he picked his successor almost immediately Aristocrat, not a blood relative but adopts him to make legally his heir Became tradition to name successor and adopt him Produced series of competent rulers for almost 10 years Marcus Aurelius Named son successor who went on to be a cruel leader