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by: Caitlyn Mackenzie

History_Part_3___Handout.pdf FANR 1100

Marketplace > University of Georgia > FANR 1100 > History_Part_3___Handout pdf
Caitlyn Mackenzie
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

This is handout part 3 of the History of Natural Resources section. The test material will come straight from this
Forestry and Natural Resources Conservation
Class Notes
history, forestry, natural, resources
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caitlyn Mackenzie on Sunday August 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FANR 1100 at University of Georgia taught by Wilde in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 08/21/16
Natural Resource Conservation: Part 3 FANR/MARS 1100 Resource Conservation History Overview  Overall, we have moved from Exploitation to Conservation o Pre 1900: Era of Exploitation o Early 1900s: The Roosevelt Era o Mid 1900s: The New Deal  o 1970s and 80s: The Modern Conservation Movement o 1990s to present: International Conservation  Think global but act local Before 1900  North America seen as land of vast and almost unlimited resources  1800’s – soil erosion due to planting crops like tobacco and cotton  Man and Nature (1864) by Georgia Perkins Marsh first got public attention  John Muir – work led to first national parks (Yellowstone, Yosemite, and Sequoia) o Considered the father of Preservation and of national parks 1901­1909 – First Wave  Nation begins to realize that resources are not limitless  President Teddy Roosevelt friends with Gifford Pinchot. Became friends from a boxing  match that happened on a boat, Pinchot won, Roosevelt gained respect and he became forest  service advisor. Roosevelt an avid outdoorsman and conservationist, lead many  environmental efforts   Gifford Pinchot: U.S. Forest Service started under his direction o Came up with the idea of multiple use and sustained yield (Take a little bit, leave a  little bit)  National Park Service established Great Depression / New Deal Years 1933­1941 – Second Wave   President Franklin Roosevelt introduces numerous programs that created jobs and helped  solve natural resource problems o PSFP: Prairie States Forest Project o CCC: Civilian Conservation Corps o SCS: Soil Conservation Service o TVA: Tennessee Valley Authority  Programs start to address environmental problems  Established federal government as a participant in natural resource management on private  land as well as public lands 1960­1980 – Third Wave  Today’s modern environmental movement is born, fueled by a number of books and essays: o Silent Spring  (Rachel Carson)   Had to do with DDT and the process of bio­magnification  o The Population Bomb (Paul  Ehrlich)  Unless we control our population, we will use up our natural resources  o The Tragedy of the Commons (Garrett Hardin)  We don’t self­govern very well when it comes to natural resources that we  hold in common.  In the early 1970s, a number of key environmental laws were passed, mostly under Nixon: o Clean Air Act o Clean Water Act o Endangered Species Act o Toxic Substances Control act Since 1980 – Forth Wave  Some advances, some setbacks  United Nations involvement grows  Environmental protection has grown to a global scale


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