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Week 1

by: Elizabeth Loos
Elizabeth Loos
GPA 3.0
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About this Document

These are the notes from the first week of class.
Dr. Steirn
Class Notes
methodology, history





Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Loos on Sunday August 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 1101 a at Georgia Southern University taught by Dr. Steirn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 416 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO PSYCHOLOGY in Psychology (PSYC) at Georgia Southern University.


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Date Created: 08/21/16
Wednesday, 08/17/2016 History: Wilhelm Wundt-According to the Psychology In Everyday Life By: Myers & DeWall, he was credited with the birth of Psychology, opened the first psychology lab in Leipzig, Germany, and actually learned what was called “Psychophysics” Gustav Fechner- also credited with being the Father of Psychology, was actually a Physiologist and really did not like being associated with Psychology; October 22, 1850- came up with the idea of measuring color by relating two objects also with weights Reason why people did not want to be associated with Psychology Mesmer- French hypnotist, mostly treated women, treatment methods include “ Nude Encounter Groups” and moving a magnetic bar along the spine to put in line the “Animal Magnetism” IntellectualAncestors Came From: Physiology Physics Philosophy Friday, 08/19/2016 Folk Sayings That Contradict “ Opposites attracts” and “Birds of a feather flock together” “ He who hesitates is lost” and “Haste makes waste” Common Sense does NOT work Psychologists need ways to look at the data and get rid of alternative explanations *Random Commercial People who use [Insert any dating site] gets three times more likable relationships than those who don’t the data includes those who are not looking at all, other dating dating sites, and people not using a dating site at all * 9 out of 10 dentists surveyed agree that tis product is the best What about all the other dentists? *Tylenol: 85% of public hospitals use Tylenol Most likely because it is cheaper—-This is an alternative explanation *IV Tylenol is actually used for burn victims Richer people tend to have more allergies than poorer people Alternative Explanation: access to healthcare (allergists) different environments including visiting different countries, houseplants different foods different pets constant exposure Ways to do Research/ Get Data Observation- 1st methodology for science; watch to see if there was predictability; “primitives” (hunter-gatherers) watched when food was in the area, what is up with the stars? (astronomers), When is a good time to plant. When a new disease is discovered, it is watched and information is gathered that way (ex: the Zika Virus) Different Ways to do Observation Naturalistic- observing organisms in their own normal habitat especially concerningAnimal Behavior; any change makes it a Controlled Observation Controlled- something is changed *Maternal Behavior of a White-Tailed Deer right before birth; Whitehall Forest was fenced in making the environment both natural and controlled Survey/Questionnaire Case Study/ Case History Case Study is an intense study of a single individual or event Case History tends to look back while case studies are in time *Dahmer- his neighbors thought he was a strange kid who killed animals, buried them, and dug them up later *What if Dammer was anAnthropologist instead of a serial killer?- the neighbor could say something like he was weird, but he really enjoyed the subject Memories are sometimes determined by current events Participant Observation-observer is part of the group sometimes the observed know they are being observed and sometimes they do not ex: a blond woman observing anAfrican tribe Questions arise on whether it is ethical especially when the observation can be dangerous to the participants and children such as infiltrating gangs, cartels, bikers….. Example: Through observation, we find out that among college students high caffeine intake is related to a higher GPAand lower caffeine intake is related to a lower GPA Does no mean that drinking more caffeine will give you a higher GPA This is called Correlation Alternative Explanations: more awake, more time to study more alert stimulate/ think quicker studied night before


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