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Week 1

by: Elizabeth Loos

Week 1 CHEM 3341 E

Elizabeth Loos
GPA 3.0
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About this Document

These are the notes from the first week.
Organic Chemistry 1
Shainaz Landge
Class Notes
Bonding, #Chemistry #Chem101 #PeriodicTableOfElements #ElectronConfigurations




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Loos on Sunday August 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 3341 E at Georgia Southern University taught by Shainaz Landge in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry 1 in Chemistry at Georgia Southern University.

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Date Created: 08/21/16
Wednesday, 08/17/2016 Chapter1: Review: Electrons, Structure, Bonding About Carbon has 4 possible bonds without charge • • base of all or most life • one of the most common elements • Column #4 on the Periodic table • Atomic Number: 6 • Atomic Mass: 12 • naturally found as diamond or graphite • 4 valence electrons • Tetrahedral Geometry • Nonmetal • Electron Negativity: 2.5 • Carbon 14 is used in dating experiment (Carbon Dating) • Element Organic Chemistry -study of Carbon containing molecules and their reactions AboutAtomic Structure of Carbon Protons: 6 Electrons: 6 Neutrons: 6 Protons=Electrons=Atomic Number Protons + Neutrons=Atomic Mass Cation -positively charged ion -lose of electron or fewer Anion -negatively charged ion -more electrons Isotopes -Atomic number is the Same -Atomic Mass is different 4 Types ofAtomic Orbitals -S, P, D, F -Electron Configuration of Carbon C= 1s 2s 2p 2 About S Orbital - 2 electrons (1 pair) - Alkali andAlkaline Earth - Every element has an S orbital - spherical shape - lowest in energy About P Orbital - Dumbbell (Peanut) Shape - Higher in energy than S Orbital - 3 types of P Orbitals (P xP ,yP z Electr2n C2nfi5uration of: -F: 1s 2s 2p -P: 1s 2s 2p 3s 3p2 3 What is same about Elements in same row? -Elements in the same row are similar in size Elements in the same column have same charges and similar chemical and physical properties 2nd row can hold a maximum of eight (8) electrons Ways to look at Organic Molecules We can classifyAmoxicillin by the atoms it contains Atoms inAmoxicillin: Hydrogen, Carbon, Nitrogen, Sulfur, Oxygen Atomic Structures: Protons, Neutrons, Electrons Isotopes: Carbon 12, Carbon 13, Carbon 14, Sulfur 32, Sulfur 33, Sulfur 34, Sulfur 36 Orbitals: S and P Friday, 08/19/2016 Bonding -joining of two atoms in a stable arrangement *Covalent *Ionic H-Bond c i l l a t e M Ionic Bond -electron is transferred from one element to another Li Li +e - LiF is really Li F e -+ F F - Covalent Bond -results from sharing of an electron Valence Electrons -electrons in the outermost shell predicted number of bonds= 8- number of Valence Electrons Hydrogen Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Halogen 1 4 3 2 1 # of bonds 0 0 1 2 3 # of non bonded electron pair Bonding -What type of bonding are you familiar with? Ionic/Covalent -What type of bonding do you see inAmoxicillin? Covalent -What -Why do atoms form bonds? to have full octet or filled shell aka Noble Gas Configuration Formal Charge -charge assigned to individual atoms in a Lewis Dot Structure; assigned ONLY hone there are less or more electrons Formal Charge= # of valence electrons - # of electrons an atom “OWNS” Ex: Carbon with 3 bonds 4-5=-1 Drawing Molecular Structure One Bond Hydrogen (- Fluorine (- Chlorine (- Bromide (- Iodine (-I) H) F_ Cl) Br) Two Bonds Oxygen (- Oxygen O I (=O) Three Nitrogen (- Nitrogen Nitrogen I Bonds N I) ( N=) (N=_) (Nitrogen) Four Bonds Carbon (- Carbon Carbon (- Carbon I I (Carbon) C I) ( I=) C_=) (=C=)


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