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Notes 8-19

by: Elizabeth Notetaker
Elizabeth Notetaker

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About this Document

Intro to Logic Deductive Reasoning Inductive reasoning
Introduction to Philosophy
Scott Hestevold
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Philosophy

Popular in Political Science, Philosophy, & Religion

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Notetaker on Sunday August 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 101 (Intro to Philosophy) at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Scott Hestevold in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in Political Science, Philosophy, & Religion at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

Similar to Phil 101 (Intro to Philosophy) at UA

Popular in Political Science, Philosophy, & Religion


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Date Created: 08/21/16
Philosophy 08/19/2016 ▯ Philosophy is about developing a reasoned world view ▯ Argument- set of statements such that one or more supports or implies the other  Ask 2 questions: o Are the premises all true? o Do the arguments’ premises really imply or support the arguments conclusion  A valid argument is an argument with premises that imply the conclusion Two types of arguments:  Deductive o Is valid such that if the premises are true then the conclusion must be true- premises guarantee the truth of the conclusion o Premises imply conclusion o Argument with 2 true premises and false conclusion, it is not valid o A deductive argument is an argument that is allegedly sound or valid  An argument is a sound argument if it passes both of the tests- all true premises and is valid  Inductive o No claim is made the premises GUARANTEE the truth of conclusion o Ex) Strong inductive argument 1. >90% in 2007NL are not phl majors 2. You are in 2007 3. You are (likely) not a Phl major ▯ ▯ STRUCTURE of a Valid Argument: a. If P then Q b. P c. Q ▯ Ex) SOUND a. If you are in 2007 NL at 11:00 then you are in PHL100 b. You are in 2007 NL c. Therefore, you are in PHL 2007 ▯ Ex) Valid, but not sound a. If you are in the smallest NL classroom at 11:00, then you are in PHL100 b. You are in the smallest NL classroom at 11:00 c. Therefore you are in PHL100 ▯ Ex) Not sound a. Today is Friday b. Therefore, you are in PHL100 ▯ ▯ Inductive arguments will mainly be abductive and arguments by analogy  ** review these from end of hang out ▯ ▯


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