Classical Myth. Week 1
Classical Myth. Week 1 FL 4143
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dana Bramlitt on Sunday August 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FL 4143 at Mississippi State University taught by Scott Di Giulio in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 08/21/16
Classical Mythology Notes Week 1 Prof. Scott DiGiulio What is Mythology? Myths from long ago that are still relevant/interesting. o Stories o Bible o Religions o Moral o Inspirational o Not necessarily true or false What is a myth? Myth comes from an ancient Greek word known as mythos. Greek definition: anything delivered by word of mouth, word, or speech; a speech in public assembly, talk/conversation; tale, story, narrative. “Myth is a traditional story.” –Powell p.2 “A myth is a socially powerful traditional story.” Buxton p.18 These quotes leave several questions: What is a story? What constitutes “traditional”? What does “socially powerful” mean? Myth: Concerns the divine, supernatural, heroic, or animals, and is set in a time indefinable by human chronology. What Classical Mythology is NOT: Not identical with any single text/artistic depiction Not created by any single individual. What does a myth do? Explain origins of things and way of the world in customs, traditions, and rituals. o Myths that explain the origin of something are called Etiological Myths (from the Greek word aition). Etiology: Story that explains the origin. Brief overview of Greek history: Early/Middle Bronze Ages: ca 30001700 BCE the people during this time are not considered Greeks even though they’ve lived there a long time. The Minoans (ca 17001500 BCE) o Primarily located on the islands of Crete o Named for Minos, the mythological king of Crete and the father of minotaur o Centered on several large palace complexes founded throughout the island. –First built starting around 2000 BCE; civilization starts to flourish several hundred years later. *Knossos* o Strong evidence of connections with the broader Mediterranean world. The Mycenaeans (ca 15801150 BCE) o First organized societies on mainland Greece. o Period largely appears to correspond to the civilization from Homer o Adopted several of the models o Mycenaean cultures invade Crete and take over many Minoan cities o Other sources of evidence point to a decline of Minoan civilization and the increased importance of Mycenaeans o End of Mycenaeans Sack of many city centers in 1150 BCE The “Dorian Invasion” around 1200 CE, tribes of Greek speakers from northern Greece migrated south and conquered Mycenaean Narrative largely based After this point, Greece enters a “Dark Age” Beginning of Greek Revival (900 750 BCE) o Changes in technology and pottery Increasing scale, luxury of grave deposits Greek religion appears to take shape State still fairly decentralized Writing reappears coincides with beginning of Greek literature: Homer Sdjf Archaic Period (700490 BCE) o “The Greek Miracle” for the first time, we can definitively talk about names, dates, and events. Emergence of the polis (citystate) across Greece Beginning of Greek colonization elsewhere: increased trade contact; spread of Greek language Beginning of literature and art Beginning of philosophy and science Panhellenism increases throughout this period Classical Period (490323 BCE) o Conflicts with Persia Battle of Marathon: 490 BCE Battles of Thermopylae and Salamis: 480479 BCE o Victories trigger a flourishing of Greek culture o Conflicts within Greece Peloponnesian War (431404 BCE) Third Sacred War (356346 BCE) Conquest of Greece by Macedonia (338 BCE) o Alexander The Great What was Greek society like? o Our evidence is primarily for Athens of the fifth century and fourth century BCE. Athens is a very unique polis in Greece. Nevertheless, gives a decent sense of the major culture trends. Greek Citizenship o Only free men had full citizen rights also had ultimate control over their households and families. o As citizens, obligated to serve in military. o Education system designed to prepare young men for these roles. Greek Soldiers: The Hoplite o Education: taught as a boy in how to read and write, as well as memorize poetry. o Physical education Greek Sex o Generally more fluid than modern binaries of sex Practice of pederasty The Symposium o “Drinking party” drinking wine, singing songs, interacting with young women Athletics o Competitions o Believed in keeping the body healthy Role of Women o Attend children and dead o Marry o Live alone in women’s quarters Great Dionysia o A festival every year in Athens in which tragedies and comedies are performed/watched. These plays are opportunities to show off their culture.