Topic 10 - Exam 3
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Houser on Tuesday March 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY311 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Winters in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 133 views. For similar materials see Emotion in Psychlogy at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 03/24/15
PSY 3 1 1 Topic 10 Active Coping with Anger Two Types of Coping Active coping managing or correcting the distressing situation itself 0 Breaking a romantic attachment changing your major 0 You do something 0 You re stressed out but you have control 0 Or at least you believe you have control 0 Ex breaking up with significant other Cognitive coping Cognitive Reappraisal Changing the personal meaning of the situation see next slide 0 Thinking of it differently Definitions of Anger Intrapersonal definitions 0 Anger defined in terms of goals Power amp Dalgleish I Cognitive contribution anger as a moral emotion o Anger defined in terms of the ego Lazarus I Cognitive contributionattribution of blame 0 Related to the individual Interpersonal definition from Tavris o Anger as a social emotion 0 Individual related to others Anger Defined in Terms of Core Appraisal and Moral Appraisal Power amp Dalgleish The core appraisal for anger is being blocked in pursuit of a goal by an external agent a person The moral appraisal involves attributions of intent negligence accountability or blame cat example infant example toe example Not just a matter of being blocked in pursuit of a goal Infant example 0 Infants can make core appraisals but can t make moral appraisals o If you restrain an infant they ll get angry but it s related to a core appraisal not moral Cat example 0 Accidentally stepped on cat s tail Cat jumped up turned around amp started hissing at him Cat was angry Cat can make core appraisal He tried to appeal to cat s sensibilities Cat couldn t tell it was an accident because they don t have the cognitive development to make moral appraisals Toe example 0 Accidentally steps on your toe OOOOO Will you be angry about that You ve been blocked in pursuit of a goal Person turns to you immediately amp shows remorse You won t get angry with that even though your toes going to hurt No anger blame or negligence because or moral appraisal amp you know it was an accident Ex 2 person is wearing spiked heeled boots amp steps on your toe 0 Person says they did it because they don t like you 0 Now you get angry because there was intent blame amp accountability 0000 O Tavris Definition of Anger There must be an injustice the breaking of a rule of a social contract of a social system One must believe that an act is unfair to experience anger Tavris speaks of anger as a social event and stresses the importance in the regulation of behavior with respect to rules of a social contract Tavris anthropological cognitive psychologist o Goes to different cultures amp studies emotions Social system 0 2 or more people Social contract rules 0 Every time you bring people together there are rules that regulate their behavior 0 You know what you re supposed to do A rule was broken amp you become angry o This definition is culture neutral 0 Ex ego amp autonomy is only emphasized by part of the world 0 Only part of the world emphasizes individuality o This definition can be applied anywhere because every culture has their own rules but everyone has them Anger Frustration Aggression and Assertiveness Aggression to do harm social punishment to others or use aversive control eg using threats or temper tantrums by actions or words Aggression is an observable behavior Aggression usually involves social punishment 0 Observable behavior you can see it 0 Not always used in the same way 0 When we use aggression we don t always mean to harm someone 0 Ex an aggressive golfer isn t going around beating people Frustration Being blocked in pursuit of a goal Anger An emotion has subjective experiential motivational somatic cognitive components being blocked in pursuit of a goal by an outside agent with accountability attribution of blame Assertiveness Expression of thoughts and feelings without being hurtful insulting or demeaning Problems with the Passive Approach and the Aggressive Approach Individuals who use the passive approach nonassertive often feel inadequate used exploited and demeaned by others It is not good for the selfschema o If you don t say or do anything it s not good for you Passive approach often leads to gunnysacking where the individual explodes with aggression after harboring resentment and hostility for a long period of time example of sudden murdersquot Phillip Zimbardo o Gunnysacking things just keep building up amp then explode o A person is offended a number of times amp says nothing about it amp then they all the sudden come out amp start talking about the transgressions from the past Aggression begets aggression Counteraggression is to be expected when using the aggressive approach Even if there is no counteraggression the receiver of the aggression often harbors resentment has bitter feelings and hostile feelings toward the aggressor Sample Questions Exam 3 Bold Correct answer is involved in the executive function of initiating behavior when motivation is low Ex boring tasks getting a sedentary person to exercise a Activation control Which is true a Someone who has a BAS that s highly sensitive to incentive stimuli is an extravert Someone who has a BAS that s not sensitive is an introvert c Someone who has a BIS that is sensitive to threat is referred to as someone high in neuroticism d All the above Which is false a The effortful control system is relatively re exive amp voluntary re ecting automatic tendencies to approach incentives amp avoid punishment that s signaled by threats Which is false a BAS mediates activation control which is involved in initiating behavior when approach motivation is low is relatively re exive amp involuntary re ecting automatic tendencies to approach incentives amp avoid punishment that s signaled by threats a Reactive control Which is used to impulsive amp externalizing disorders a Reactive undercontrol 7 Which of the following occurs during a manic disorder in a person with Bipolar Disorder a BAS gains control of the temperament triangle 8 Which is true of ADD a People w ADD have a BIS that s overly sensitive to threat b ADD involves a deficit in effortful control amp inhibitory control c Act impulsively d Controlled by BAS amp BIS 9 What s true of conduct disorder e All the above f BAS gains control in temperament triangle g The Effortful Control System in weak h BIS sensitivity to threat Is low 10 What s true of a manic episode in person w bipolar i BAS gains control in temperament triangle 11 People high in the Big 5 personality dimension of neuroticism are more likely to become depressed because j BIS decreases activity in BAS 12 The term affect regulation refers to the cognitive amp behavioral processes by which an individual k All the above 1 Controls m Dampens n Savors o Amplifies 13 helps the individual regulate affect by changing personal meaning of an event or change of circumstances p Cognitive reappraisal cognitive coping 14 Which of the following disorder s primary feature is thought to be an inability to think of external consequences in the future Child shows good selfregulation Child s behavior is not going to be the threat of external consequences by his mother a Attention Deficit Disorder 15 Which individual would worry the most b Generalized Anxiety Disorder c ADD d Conduct disorder 16 Person regulates affect by going to a party exercising etc The individual is using to regulate her affect e Shifting of attention by distraction 17 Person regulates affect by not going to a party f Nichepicking 18 The dispositional theory of mood amp the appraisal tendency theory are most relevant to understanding g Mood emotion savoring 19 Mood congruent thoughts amp mood congruent memories Help change a person s mood Decrease the intensity of a mood k All the above 20 Serotonin secretion decreases the magnitude of response to stress by decreasing activity in l The amygdala 2 1 Decrease of serotonin in the brain 22 SSRIs m All the above n Decrease activity in the amygdala 0 Increase effectiveness of effortful control system 23 People with low serotonin in the brain have a difficult time regulating mood because is diminished p The effectiveness of the effortful control system 24 Mood savoring keeping mood constant is accomplished by a All the above b Appraisal biases c Activation of mood congruent thoughts d Activation of mood congruent memories 25 The most imp Aspect of mood savoring is e It sustains the individual s motivation 26 Which has the greatest impact on social relationships amp social interactions f The ability of the person to regulate his own affect emotion mood 27 Distracting activities such as exercise prevents or happy mood g Mood congruent thoughts amp mood congruent memories 28 Which is true h All the above i People high in neuroticism prefer to increase their level of worry when expected to perform cognitively demanding tasks j People high in extraversion make evaluations faster in categorizing info when in a positive mood k People low in extraversion make evaluations more quietly when in a negative mood state or neutral mood state 29 Subjects working on a project with a stranger or alone could alter moods by type of newspaper article read Which is true 1 Happy subjects who were to work with a stranger chose newspaper articles that make them less happy 30 Same as above m Sad amp happy subjects who were to work with a stranger tried to make their moods more neutral rather than sad or happy 31 Dualprocess model n All the above 32 Same as above h Keep mood constant i j from sustaining a sad o All the above p Reacting processing maintains current mood state by retrieving mood congruent memories 33 Individuals high in neuroticism q All the above r React more strongly to negative stimuli s Don t regulate their affect 34 Cognitive reappraisal t Correlates negatively with neuroticism 35 Tendencies to reduce or eliminate one s negative emotions or turn them in a more positive direction a Correlates positively with extraversion 36 Extraverts are happier than others because b All the above c They are usually in a more positive mood d More sensitive to incentives that lead to social rewards e Better at regulating mood 37 According to Traitcongruency theory someone who s high in neuroticism amp generally is in a negative affective mood mood emotion state f Will attempt to be in a negative affective state when he is asked to perform a complicated cognitive task 38 Which is false g A negative automatic thought is a moodincongruent thought h Moodcongruent memories are experienced after failure or rejection in people who are vulnerable to depression i Moodcongruent thoughts are experienced after failure or rejection in people who are vulnerable to depression 39 A person got mad because his toe got stepped on but another didn t Why did one person become angry amp the other not j An attribution of blame amp intent was made by the person who became angry 40 According to Tavris cognitive psychologist who studied anger in different cultures k All the above 1 Anger is triggered when a rule of a social contract is broken m Her definition is not culturally biased n An event must be assessed as unfair when the person experiences anger 41 The Utkas amp Nomad Society of Kungs live in very harsh environments where cooperation is necessary 0 Expression of anger is less common in these cultures than in Western cultures such as the US 42 Anger in societies where individual rights are valued more than the collective good p Is encouraged 43 According to Tavris married couples from different ethnic backgrounds q Argue more compared to others because they believe spouse is breaking rules of social construct 44 Which has a subjectiveexperiential somatic cognitive and motivational component r Anger 45 Kobe Bryant gave wife diamond ring What topic was being discussed 5 Restorative justice 46 Displaced aggression t Violates expression rule 1 47 Bashing the boss u Displaced aggression 48 Expression Rule 2 v Assertiveness 49 Insults threats etc w You messages 50 I love your taste in music but I am studyingquot x I message
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