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Ecology week 1

by: Zach Kirkland

Ecology week 1 Biol 3060

Zach Kirkland
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John Feminella
Class Notes




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zach Kirkland on Sunday August 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Biol 3060 at Auburn University taught by John Feminella in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Ecology in Biology at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 08/21/16
PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGY BIOL 3060 Fall 2016 Course Instructors: Lecture: Dr. Jack Feminella (249 SCC); 844-4555 ( Office hours: T and H 9:15-10:15am, or by appointment Laboratory: Mr. Shawn Jacobsen, Lab Coordinator ( Mr. Eric Bauer, GTA ( Mr. Ed Burress, GTA ( Ms. Joe Jenkins, GTA ( Mr. Spurthi Parachuri, GTA ( GTA office hours will be announced in laboratory sections COURSE DESCRIPTION AND STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES This course is designed to instill a general understanding about the scientific discipline known as ecology. We will study ecological systems from a full range of levels of organization, including individual organisms, populations, communities, and entire ecosystems. At each of the levels, we will focus on selected ecological patterns and the major processes producing such patterns. The course is primarily designed to address basic ecological questions within natural (unaltered) ecosystems, but it also features more applied information relevant to “ecosystem management” and impacts of humans on natural ecosystems. Students who successfully complete this course will acquire a fundamental knowledge of: 1)   The physicochemical (abiotic) and biological (biotic) properties of natural ecosystems at several levels of organization; 2)   The environmental and/or evolutionary processes (mechanisms) largely responsible for producing ecological patterns in natural ecosystems; and 3)   Several quantitative approaches ecologists use to address ecological questions. In addition, students who complete this course will develop a working knowledge of how to: 4)   Apply the scientific method to studying ecological systems and questions; 5)   Use spreadsheets and basic statistical tests to graphically display and analyze/interpret field-collected ecological data; and 6)   Produce a report written in a technical (scientific) format on ecological data. TEXTBOOKS AND LECTURE / LAB MATERIALS Lecture (Required): 1. i>clicker®: used for in-class participation; available at the AU Bookstore, or on the web iclicker , iclicker , or iclickerEEFall should work. 2. SimUText. Web-based interactive Ecology textbook. SimBio Corp. (cost $89)     1 A good idea is to put SimUText on a USB flash drive so that you can access it from any computer. Note: it is up to YOU to get SimUText up and working, and get your graded question scores recorded. There are 11 text chapters in SimUText that pertain to most of the topics covered in lecture. Chapters include much more detail than we can cover in lecture, so be prepared to take time to complete the chapters. You will receive 10 points for each chapter you complete with >40% correct answers on the “graded questions”. Each chapter has a DEADLINE (below), and you are allowed to drop (or miss) 1 set of questions. Successful completion of all 11 chapters will generate a total of 110 points (100 regular points, plus 10 bonus). You can complete the exercises in the chapter at ANY time before the deadline to get the points, but not after the chapter deadline, as follows:   Deadline for Completing Chapters/Graded Questions in SimUText   25 August Climate Change 4 September Decomposition 15 Physiological Ecology 30 Evolution for Ecology 9 October Population Growth 14 Life History 23 Competition 6 November Predation, Herbivory, and Parasitism 18 Community Dynamics 2 December Ecosystems 4 Nutrient Cycling Lab (Required): BIOL 3060 Course Pack: Available either 1) as a download from Canvas, or 2) for purchase at SOFY COPY, Magnolia Plaza. You are responsible for bringing a copy (hard or soft) of the appropriate lab exercise in the Course Pack to that lab whether the lab is inside or in the field. Consider this if you plan to bring your manual on an electronic device as it will be exposed to the weather! Also, as the semester progresses it will be important to refer to previous labs in the manual. Supplementary Course Pack materials, including study questions for lecture and practice exams, will be periodically posted in Canvas, and also will be announced in class. COURSE ORGANIZATION Lecture – Tuesday and Thursday 8:00-9:15 am, SCC 115 Laboratory Sections - Upchurch Hall 246 Monday, 12:00-2:50pm, GTAs: Jacobsen/Jenkins Tuesday, 12:30-3:15pm, GTAs: Jenkins/Burress Wednesday, 12:00-2:50pm, GTAs: Burress/Parachuri Thursday, 12:30-3:15pm, GTAs: Parachuri/Bauer Friday, 12:00-2:50pm, GTAs: Bauer/Jacobsen 2 EXAMINATION POLICY AND GRADING Grade point allocation: Source of Points Points % of Total Grade Lecture attendance / iclicker quizzes 75 11 SimUText chapters/graded questions 100(+10) 15 Lecture Exam I and II (@ 75 points each) 150 23 Final Exam 150 23 Hypothesis Exercise (in lab) 15 2 st First Draft ostLab Paper 1 (1 exercise) 15 2 Lab Paper 1 (1 exercise) 50 8 Lab Paper 2 (2ndexercise) 50 8 Laboratory practical 50 8 Total Points 655 100% Grade scaling: A = 590–655 points B = 524–589 points C = 458–523 points D = 393–457 points F = <393 points For lrdture, there will be 2 exams and 1 final during the semester; the final functions both as a 3 regular exam (on untested material since Exam II) as well as a true comprehensive final. Exams will be both objective (fill in the blank) and essay (definitions, short and long-answer). Some material may come from questions in SimUText. A sample exam st will be posted on Canvas before the 1 exam. Daily lecture quizzes (using i>clickers) will be given on the previous and/or present day’s lecture material, generally ~3-4 questions per period. Remember to bring your iclicker (and extra batteries) to each lecture--students will not be allowed to take a paper-based quiz on days they do not have their iclicker! For lab, there is an initial exercise in developing an ecological hypothesis (15 points) and also 6 primary exercises during the semester; primary exercises each usually take 2 of the weekly lab periods. Students must read the lab project description in the Course Pack for the current week before coming to lab. Comprehension of the laboratory exercises will be evaluated in the 2 required papers, the 3 lecture exams, and the lab practical. No lab quizzes are currently planned; however, we reserve the right to conduct quizzes as part of the student lab grade, if necessary. st Each lab usually has 2 partsndIn the 1 week of a lab project, students will collect original data in the field. In the 2week, students will statistically analyze the field- collected data, and make conclusions about ecological questions from the results. GTAs will be present during all labs to guide students through this process. Two laboratory reports are required [50 points each], which must be 1) written in the format of a scientific paper (see Course Pack for format), 2) produced electronically (i.e., on a word processor), and 3) emailed to the lead GTA before the beginning of the lab in which the report is due. A first draft of 1 lab paper (report of the initial field exercise, 15 points), 3 is due at the beginning of the lab period during the week of 12 September. Late papers will have 5 points deducted per day from the total possible points (weekends count!). After the 1 paper is edited, graded, and returned, students can submit a revision 1 week later and receive a replacement, and hopefully higher, grade. Points for late papers come off the top nd nd of the student’s score, and cannot be made up. The 2 lab paper will be on the 2 exercise,rd and is due at the beginning of the laboratory period during the week of 17 October. The 3 , 4 , 5 , and 6 lab projects will be the subject of an in-class lab practical (week of 28 Nov), designed to evaluate the student’s ability to pose an hypothesis/prediction and analyze/interpret data. More information about the practical will be given in lab. Lab papers with similar text (i.e., plagiarized) will be assigned a grade of zero. Moreover, copying verbatim from the Course Pack or any other literature source also is considered plagiarism, and also will result in lost points. Students suspected of plagiarism will be reported to the Academic Honesty Committee for potential disciplinary action. For more information consult and see the section in this manual on st nd plagiarism. Students with unexcused absences from the field or in-class part of the 1 or 2 lab exercise will receive a 10-point reduction for that paper. The data collection part of each lab exercise is done “in the field”, and is intended to encourage students to consider organisms in the context of their environment, as well as encouraging them to think about how to investigate ecological questions. Be aware of the hazards of fieldwork. You should protect yourself against sun and stinging/biting arthropods (mosquitoes, chiggers, spiders, ticks) by using sunscreen and mosquito repellant, respectively. Students should tell their GTAs, in advance, if they have allergies to bee stings; students should bring the appropriate medication to their lab section, and tell the GTAs where they keep it, in case of stings. Supplies/Equipment for Labs - Data sheets are provided in the Course Pack. Students should bring these and pencils/paper for note-taking to the labs, a clip-board with protective cover, and rain gear (raincoat or poncho and waterproof footwear) in the event of bad weather. WE WILL GO OUT IF IT’S RAINING! Students may want to bring hip boots into the field for the fish diversity lab. Students without hip boots should bring a towel to dry off with after working in streams, and some dry footwear. LECTURE AND LAB ATTENDANCE POLICY -   Lecture attendance is required and managed via iclicker lecture quizzes. Students who attend every lecture and participate in lecture quizzes can earn up to 75 points (12% of the total grade). -   SimUText reading is required and managed via student performance on graded questions at the end of each section. Students who do the reading and answer the graded questions can earn up to 100 points (16%). -   Be on time: at best, being late shows poor manners; at worst, you miss something important, including lecture iclicker quiz questions. -   Turn off all cell phones and electronic devices before you arrive to class -   Students are responsible for all announcements made in lecture or posted in Canvas 4 -   If a lecture is missed, consult with a classmate for announcements & notes--DO NOT ask the Instructor or GTAs for their notes. -   Lab attendance is required, and roll will be taken every session. -   If you know ahead of time you must miss a lab, you may attend another lab during the same week if you check with the GTAs for both labs before Monday of the missed week. The GTAs will try to reschedule you but, depending on the lab, this may not be possible. Students on Monday or Friday labs during Labor Day and Fall Break, respectfully must arrange to attend another lab that week (see course schedule, below). -   Every student depends on others—the data set collected is used by the entire class. If you do not bring the data for analysis, you will lose 5 points. If you are counting on someone else in your group to bring the data and they forget, you will also lose points. Be safe, make copies of your data and bring your copy. -   Material covered in lab is fair game for exam questions, including the final exam. Absences and Makeup Exams. – Absences will be excused in accordance with University Policy as stated in the Auburn University student e-Handbook. Under this policy, valid absences include: 1) Severe or sudden and incapacitating illness (documented by a physician; note that a excuse from Student Health Service 2) Personal or family emergencies (documented) 3) Official University excuses (documented) You must present written documentation for your excused absence in the first class period you attend following the absence; otherwise, the absence is not excused. If you miss an exam in lecture without a valid excuse you will receive a zero score for that exam. For those who provide valid excuses, there will be no makeup exam. Grades for the missed exam instead will be determined by the performance on the Final (e.g., if Exam I or II is missed with valid excuse then the Final is worth 225 points). SPECIAL ACCOMMODATIONS Any student with a special need of a type that may necessitate additional assistance by the lecture instructor and/or GTAs should make this known immediately. All students with accommodations from the Office of Accommodations must see the lecture instructor before the accommodation will be put in place. Exam accommodations MUST be arranged at least 1 week prior to the date of that exam. COPYRIGHT Lecture notes, illustrations in class, and AV media presented in this course are protected by copyright and intellectual property laws. Students are prohibited from reproducing, posting, distributing, making public, and/or commercializing these without the expressed written permission of the lecture instructor. 5 BIOL 3060 COURSE SCHEDULE - FALL 2016 WEEK LECTURE TOPIC (SimUText Questions DUE) LAB TOPIC 16-19 August What is Ecology? No Lab World Climate 22-26 August World Climate (Climate change, 25 Aug) Intro to Excel 29 Aug-2 Sept Physical Environment & Decomposition (4 Sept) Stream Fish Diversity- Field 6-9 Sept a Limiting Factors & Physiological Ecology Stream Fish Diversity- a Statistics 12-16 Sept Physiological Ecology (15 Sept) Decomposition- Field Evolutionary Ecology st ***1 Draft of Stream Fish Diversity Paper DUE, beginning of Lab*** 19-23 Sept Evolutionary Ecology (30 Sept) Adaptive Leaf Size- Field ***EXAM I (22 Sept)*** 26-30 Sept Population Growth Adaptive Leaf Size-Stats ***Final Draft of Stream Diversity Paper DUE, beginning of Lab*** 3-7 Oct Population Growth (9 Oct) Midge Gall Distribution- Life History Field b 10-13 Oct Life History (14 Oct) Midge GallbDistribution- Competition Statistics 17-21 Oct Competition (23 Oct) Decomposition- Field Predation, Herbivory, & Parasitism *** Adaptive Leaf Size Lab Paper DUE, beginning of lab*** 24-28 Oct Predation, Herbivory, & Parasitism (6 Nov) Decomposition - Statistics ***EXAM II (27 Oct)*** 31 Oct-4 Nov Community Dynamics Human Life Table- Field 7-11 Nov Community Dynamics (18 Nov) Human Life Table-Stats Ecosystem Ecology 15-17 Nov Ecosystem Ecology (2 Dec) Practice Practical 23-27 Nov THANKSGIVING BREAK- NO CLASS No Lab 28 Nov-2 Dec Nutrient Cycling ( 4 Dec) Lab Practical Review 8 Dec ***FINAL EXAM, 8:00-10:30am, SCC 115*** No Lab a5 Sept is Labor Day. MONDAY STUDENTS MUST COME TO LAB ON A DIFFERENT DAY THAT WEEK. b 14 Oct is Fall Break. FRIDAY STUDENTS MUST COME TO LAB ON A DIFFERENT DAY THAT WEEK. 6


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