Psycholgy 1101 Notes Week 1
Psycholgy 1101 Notes Week 1 PSYC 1101
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chapman Lindgren on Sunday August 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101 at University of Georgia taught by Achee in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 289 views. For similar materials see Elementary Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 08/21/16
Elementary Psychology Notes Week 1 Psychology as a Science Psychology involves the study of mental activity and behavior while Psychological Science is the study, through research, of mind, brain, and behavior. >mind refers to mental activity (perceptions of sound, smell, taste, etc.) >behavior describes the totality of observable human actions >Critical Thinking involves looking for holes in evidence using logic and reasoning the determine whether the information makes sense, and considering alternative explanations. >Thoughts and feelings are responsible for how we act >Psychology is an observable science. We can’t see someone thinking however we can get a look at their mental behavior by observing their actions, emotions, etc. What does the Modern Psychologist look like? A. Basic research finds out how the mind works, but just for the sake of finding out. Application of research improves lives and benefits science. B. More than ½ of modern psychologists are clinical and counseling psychologists (therapist, etc.) I. What is the difference between a clinical psychologist and a psychiatrist? Elementary Psychology Notes Week 1 Simply put, a psychiatrist has been through medical school and has the authority to prescribe medication while a psychologist studies the mind and behavior of humans and animals II. Social psychology: the branch of psychology that deals with social interactions. It is the ways in which a person’s behavior can be affected by the presence of others. i. Ex: wearing a blue shirt to school because the “popular” kids wear blue shirts a lot, tying the color to the impression of being “cool”. III. Developmental psychology: how we change psychologically over time. A more concrete definition of developmental psychology is: “the scientific study of how and why human beings develop over the course of their life.” IV. Psychometricians are actually pretty cool. They deal with a develop psychological tests. Elementary Psychology Notes Week 1 i. Here you will find a list of common psychological tests measuring everything from quality of life to memory retention. V. Industrial Organizational Psychology is the study of human behavior in work settings and the application of psychological principles to change work behavior. VI. School or Educational Psychologists are typically school guidance counselors who work with students on study techniques, stress management, etc. i. The branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human learning. VII. Health Psychologists work to understand how psychological, behavioral, and cultural factors contribute to physical health. Elementary Psychology Notes Week 1 As shown by this picture, stress can physically manifest with physical symptoms such as stomach cramps and Elementary Psychology Notes Week 1 Different Perspectives on Behavior >We observe a behavior and then apply a psychological theory to explain why the behavior happened 3 things that influence behavior: 1. Biological (neurology and genetics) a. Certain hereditary genes can make some individuals predisposed to certain types of behavior. 2. Psychological or Mental 3. Environmental a. Differences in culture (Americans and Russians act differently, concept of “personal space”), and nature versus nurture.
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