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Ch.1 Sociology in a Changing World

by: Brooke Notetaker

Ch.1 Sociology in a Changing World SYG 1000

Marketplace > Florida Atlantic University > Sociology > SYG 1000 > Ch 1 Sociology in a Changing World
Brooke Notetaker
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About this Document

Notes for chapter 1 that cover pages 1-11.
Intro Sociology
Gina Lukasik
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Notetaker on Monday August 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SYG 1000 at Florida Atlantic University taught by Gina Lukasik in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 111 views. For similar materials see Intro Sociology in Sociology at Florida Atlantic University.


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Date Created: 08/22/16
Ch.1 Sociology in a Changing World (Pages 1-11)  Sociology - The systematic study of the relationship between individuals and society. - In other words sociology can be looked at as a perspective viewpoint. - Sociology and the perspective of sociology can help us to see and grasp the connections between individuals and the way they live. - In the start of life our options have been shaped by social conditions in which we could not control. You don’t get to choose how things have come about, but you can choose what to do about it. - For example: Some people choose college with the simple desire to go. While others could have had the option to go to college but decided not to go. Or others probably didn’t have that option at all. - The thought of how people must do whatever it is that is thrown at them in life is consistent with the perspective of sociology.  Benefits of Sociology - You can use sociology for anything because it can be applied for a lot of perspectives throughout life. - Sociology can be narrowed down to a specific topic. Ex: Medical Sociology (if you want to go into the medical field and have a sociology major) - Sociology can help with critical thinking skills which are highly useful in work places today. - Diversity is huge in sociology. Having that understanding of different cultures and backgrounds can help with working in multicultural workplaces. - Sociology is the key to the main core of social problems.  Modernity - (definition) characterized by the growth of democracy and personal freedom, increased reliance on reason and science to explain the natural and social worlds, and a shift toward an urban industrial economy. - During the Middle Ages there were a lot of back and forth between the Church and the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment thought that neither the physical nor social should be taken on faith. Instead that everything should be opened to questioning and examined through reason. - This then created the cultural conditions needed for the emergency of sociology.  Rise of Democracy - Enlightenment provided the intellectual basis for the American and French revolutions. These revolutions stimulated an interest in succeeding an equal society and to improve living conditions. But conservative saw this as a threat to stability traditional values, and social order. - These were the first topics addressed by early sociologists.  Industrialization, Capitalism, and Urbanization - Industrialization (definition) – use of large-scale machinery for the mass manufacture of consumer goods. - Urbanization (definition) – growth of cities - Capitalists (definition) – people who pursued profits by investing in and owning businesses - Capitalism (definition) – an economic system in which the machinery used for production is owned privately - Industrialization became the connection to the rise of capitalists and soon fueled the expansion of capitalism o Agricultral Economy: o Urban life changed. The peasants worked the fields and small villages. Children grew up working like their parents once they got older. o Modern Industrial Economy: o Wage labors worked the machines in factories of growing cities. These rapid social changes grew to social problems. o Example: Diseases, unsafe housing, poor transportation, and crimes - Sociology saw the rise of modernity grow rapidly which brought changes to the way of life which was not inevitable. - These resulting ideas in which society may be improved were the foundations of sociology.


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