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Jn 311 Class Notes Week 1

by: Courtney Small

Jn 311 Class Notes Week 1 JN 311

Courtney Small
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About this Document

Notes that was taken in the first week of class
News Writing and Reporting
Jennifer Elizabeth Hoewe
Class Notes
Journalism Writing, public relations




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Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Small on Monday August 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JN 311 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Jennifer Elizabeth Hoewe in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see News Writing and Reporting in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

Similar to JN 311 at UA

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications


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Date Created: 08/22/16
    August  22,  2016   Monday,  August  22,  2016   10:06  AM   What  makes  a  news  story?     What  makes  a  good  news  story?   •   Accuracy     •   Good  Sources     •   Newsworthiness     •   Clear,  Concise  writing   •   Adherence  to  journalistic  style         What  makes  a  journalist?     What  makes  a  good  journalist?   •   Curiosity     •   Writing  ability     •   Creativity   •   Motivation  and  Tenacity       How  is  the  News  selected?   How  do  journalists  select  news  stories?     •   Often  they’re  assigned  by  an  editor   o   Sometimes  reporters  select  the  angle  of  coverage,  but  sometimes  the  editors   select  that,  too   •   Typically,  reporters  will  cover  issues  that  are  part  of  their  "beat,"  or  specialized  area  of   reporting     o   However,  with  shrinking  newsrooms,  reporters  are  now  expected  to  cover  a   multitude  of  issues     •   The  space  allotted  for  the  story  is  often  restricted     o   Editors  used  to  make  this  assignment  based  on  inches     o   Now,  editors  assign  stories  based  on  word  count.   •   Depending  on  the  news  outlet's  online  capabilities,  the  word  count  may   be  unlimited     •   However,  reporters  and  editors  must  keep  in  mind  the  attention  span  of   their  readers     •   Depending  on  the  publication,  reporters  have  a  varied  degree  of  freedom  selecting  their   stories  and  the  content  of  those  stories.     o   It  is  relatively  common  for  reporters  to  pitch  stories  to  their  editors     o   Reporters  typically  explain  what  the  story  will  be  about  and  what  the  angle   would  be   o   The  editor  will  always  ask,  "why  should  people  care?"         Types  of  News  Stories     •   Most  news  outlets  offer  a  mix  of  hard  and  soft  news     •   What’s  the  difference?   •   Hard  News   o   Reported  immediately  after  the  event     o   Often  Includes  coverage  of  crime  and  government     •   Soft  News     o   Reported  when  seen  fit     o   Often  includes  coverage  of  crime  and  government         The  development  of  a  news  story     •   A  major  news  event  can  elicit  numerous  news  stories     •   These  news  stories  typically  develop  in  a  systematic  way     o   First,  the  major  news  event  happens     •   Journalists  report  the  breaking  news   •   What  type  of  news  story  will  it  be?   •   Where  might  this  story  be  located  (in  Print  or  online)?   o   Second,  journalists  dig  deeper  into  the  event     •   The  coverage  now  includes  more  detailed  background  information  as   well  as  late-­‐breaking  information     •   What  type  of  news  story  will  be  best?     •   Where  might  this  story  be  located  (in  print  or  online)?   o   Third,  efforts  are  made  to  localize  the  story     •   Reporters  attempt  to  make  the  story  more  relatable  to  their  audience     •   What  type  of  news  story  would  be  best?   •   Where  might  this  story  be  located  (in  print  or  online)?   o   Fourth,  reporters  monitor  the  event  and  its  aftermath     •   They  may  or  may  not  continue  to  report  on  the  news  event,  but  they   keep  an  eye  on  it  to  bring  any  updates  to  light     •   What  type  pf  news  story  would  be  best?   •   Where  might  it  be  located  (in  print  or  online)?       The  development  of  an  Actual  News  Story     •   First,  the  was  breaking  news.   o   (Photo  controversies  in  the  New  York  Daily  News)   •   Second,  Journalists  found  more  information  regarding  the  actual  bombers   •   Third,  coverage  focused  on  the  local  impact  of  the  bombing     •   Fourth,  reporters  monitored  the  continued  impact  of  the  bombings                   Discussion  prompt!   •   What  other  events  can  you  think  of  that  followed  this  pattern?   o   How  can  you  tell?   •   Baton  Rouge  Flooding   •   Gay  Marriage  Law     •   Orlando  Shootings   •   Conflict  in  Syria         Preview:  Parts  of  a  news  story     •   Every  news  story  has  the  same  basic  structure     o   Headline   o   Byline     o   Datelines   o   Lead  (or  "lede")   o   Strongest  quote   o   Nut  graph-­‐  a  summary  of  the  story's  contents     •   This  graphs  often  immediately  follows  the  lead   o   Background  information  and  more  quotes     o   Second  thought  quote      


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