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Healthful Living: A plan for healthful living

by: savannah

Healthful Living: A plan for healthful living HLTH 1520

Marketplace > Georgia Southern University > Health > HLTH 1520 > Healthful Living A plan for healthful living
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About this Document

HLTH 1520 Module 2 notes: A plan for healthful living
Healthful Living
Sarah E. Davis
Class Notes
health, healthfulliving, HLTH1520




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by savannah on Monday August 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HLTH 1520 at Georgia Southern University taught by Sarah E. Davis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Healthful Living in Health at Georgia Southern University.


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Date Created: 08/22/16
A plan for healthy living Health: being sound in body, mind and spirit; a state of complete physical, mental and social well being. Wellness: purposeful, enjoyable living; a deliberate lifestyle choice Wellness can be characterized by personal responsibility and optimal enhancement of physical, mental, and spiritual health. Both health and wellness are active states that are affected by your style of living Optimal wellness: the sense that one is functioning at ones' best level The Wellness Continuum: displays how the dimensions of wellness are all interrelated in each dimension The process of achieving wellness is constantly changing and growing with each dimension and never remains static. as seen above. To take responsibility for health and wellbeing, one must educate their self about their health status, grow in their knowledge, and apply knowledge of health principles to their life. Holistic: involve all aspects; comprehension of the parts in reference to the whole The seven components/dimensions of wellness: Environmental: Acknowledgment/appreciation of one's part/impact on the natural environment Help out in the protection and sustainability of the environment Establish positive energy( qi ) in a living and working environment The Center of Sustainability offers courses to increase awareness of environmental issues Physical: Illness, disease, and medication free Able to function and participate regularly in activities Maintain a balanced diet and regular sleeping habits Campus Recreational and Intramurals promote active, healthy lifestyle choices Health Services provide services to help patients meet their needs like medical counseling or educational programs Spiritual: Seeking opportunities for self enlightenment and progressing toward a stronger sense of purpose, personal values and meaning of life In a state of harmony with oneself and the world/universe The Center for Wildlife Education Center and Sweetheart Circle lets you surround yourself with nature and meditate to increase spiritual wellness. Campus Recreation and Intramurals allows one to practice yoga to maintain physical and spiritual wellbeing. Occupational: Looking for opportunities to grow professionally, be challenged, and be successful Having satisfaction from one's chosen career and the professional relationships developed Capable to contribute positively, productively, and safely to the whole Human resources and Office of Career Services offer learning programs and organization development Intellectual: Openness to new concepts, ideas, perspectives, and cultures Curiosity to learn new experiences/challenges Able to learn and apply new learning , able to change and adapt The Academic Success Center promotes academic success among all students, while Continuing Education works to deliver lifelong learning programs  Emotional: Being aware and accepting of one's feelings and having the ability to have outlets fro expressing ones emotions in a positive way Being happy and positive and able to adjust to change Counseling and Career Development Center allows students to participate in programs that are designed to help them handle day-to-day challenges and encourage personal growth The Psychology Clinic provides low cost psychological services to students Social: Able to form and contribute to positive relationships Able to comfortable perform a variety of social or group roles Seek and fulfill leaderships roles that contribute in a positive way to the community The Office of Student Activities provides positive co-curricular experiences Health is a national concern, not just a personal one The lack of health insurance and high cost of health care are major obstacles for those trying to gain preventative care and proper treatment The leading causes of death in the United States are: Heart disease, cancer, strokes, chronic lower respiratory diseases, and unintentional injuries The leading cause of death in the United States among 15-24 year olds: Accidents, homicide, suicide, cancer, and heart disease Life expectancy have increase for humans over the last century but many people die prematurely due to lifestyle choices like smoking and inactivity. Healthy People 2020 Healthy People is a service dedicated to providing Americans with a set of healthy objectives every 10 years. Healthy People has set public health benchmarks in order to encourage collaborations across communities, empower individuals toward making informed health decisions, and measure the impact of prevention activities for over 3 decades. Their vision is to have a society where people live long, healthy lives, and their mission is to improve health priorities, increase awareness of health and disease, and provide measurable objectives at all health levels Health Promotion: the practice of helping people become healthier by encouraging them to take more control of the health behaviors and lifestyles. Health Promotion strives to prevent rather than treat injury or disease. Goals: Increase the lifespan of Americans, improve the health status of minorities, and extend accessibility of preventable health services across the country The Donabedian model: a conceptual model that provides framework for examining health services and evaluating quality of healthcare There are three reasons why there are disparities in health: Access-how people are able to receive care Cost- how costly is healthcare and who has to pay for it along with the value of healthcare services Quality- How well care is and how well people are kept healthy and how efficient and effective a healthcare system is If these factors were the same for everyone, there would be no difference between different racial groups, location, physical disabilities, and sexual orientation Socio-economic status(SES)- a major influence on health status of an individual Income and education affect one's SES. Those with low SES have a low health status and vice versa Those with low SES have limited access to health care because they may not be able to afford health insurance, or are only able to afford low quality health care In rural areas, quality health care may be limited Factors that influence your health status: Health habits(40%), Hereditary/family history(30%), Environment(20%), and access to health care(10%) Health habits: Smoking, exercise, and diet are three dominant factors in determining your health status In a recent survey, 2% males and 3% females reported to be living a healthy lifestyle Your behavior and environment make up a majority of your health status, both of which you can control and modify The Transtheoretical Model of Change: developed to understand how and why people change their actions and behaviors Self-efficacy: the confidence in our ability to do something Behavior is determined by perceptions, levels of motivation, self-efficacy, skills and environmental The Transtheoretical Model of Change steps: 1. Precontemplation — Individual has a problem(may or may not be aware of said problem) and has no intention of changing 2. Contemplation - Aware of the problem, and is considering change within the next 6 months 3. Preparation - Intends to change within the next month, creating a plan 4. Action - Modifying behavior according to plan created 5. Maintenance - Avoids relapse for at least 6 months 6. Termination - 6 months of continued behavior and has no temptation to relapse 7. Relapse - After 6 months of continued behavior, the person reverts back to previous behavior Creating a specific goal has a greater chance of being accomplished and must answer the six "W" questions: Who is involved? What do I want to accomplish? Where do I do my specific goal? When do I do my goal? Which requirements or constraints do I have? Why do I have this reason? To determine if a goal is measurable ask the questions: How many? How much? How will I know when this goal is accomplished? To make your goals attainable: 1. Try working backwards when setting up attainable goals 2. Base your goals on yourself- know your starting points(fitness level, work/school schedule) 3. Set up numerous ATTAINABLE goals to get to your overall goal. Take baby steps if needed To make realistic goals, it must represent and objective toward which you are able to be willing and able to work. If you truly believe that it can be accomplished, it is probably realistic. Stay within recommended guidelines. Ex: It is recommended to lose around 1-1.5 lbs of fat a week/4-6 lbs a month. To gain weight, it is recommended to add .25 lbs of muscle per week/1 lb per month Make sure your goal is pounded into a particular time frame to keep up consistency Basic Principle of Goal Setting: 1. Set specific goals- what you intend to do, what time to complete it, etc 2. Set difficult but realistic goals 3. Set long and short term goals 4. Set performance, process, and outcome goals- performance goals are the steps necessary to achieve your outcome goal. 5. Set practice and competition goals 6. Record your goals 7. Develop goal achievement strategies 8. Consider a reward system 9. Find support-ex. a workout buddy 10. Evaluate your goals-Evaluating your goal before, during and after your program is the essential. Adjustment may happen but it helps to figure out how to make it fit into your lifestyle Making a commitment to a personalized plan: 1. Monitor behavior and gather data 2. Analyze data and identify patterns 3. Set realistic and specific goals 4. Devise a strategy or plan of action-have supplies; a reward plan 5. Sign a personal contract


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