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Conceptualizing Terrorism

by: Savannah

Conceptualizing Terrorism POLS 4138A


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About this Document

This is week one's notes. Just goes over what terrorism is and what makes up terrorism.
International Terrorism
Srobana Bhattacharya
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah on Monday August 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 4138A at Georgia Southern University taught by Srobana Bhattacharya in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see International Terrorism in Political Science at Georgia Southern University.

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Date Created: 08/22/16
Monday, August 22, y Conceptualizing Terrorism Founding of Terrorism: ­ Extremism • Radical in opinion  • Justifying action  ­ Violently acting out extremists beliefs = Terrorism Common Features of Violent Extremists:  • Intolerance • Moral absolutes: one faith or idea is superior • Broad Conclusions: opposition seen as bad • New Language and Beliefs: the idea of the “other” as bad * In the 1970s and 1980s, people thought terrorists were mad and had mental issues.  Come to find out, most terrorists, are well educated.  Why was the Nice, Paris incident deemed a terrorist attack? ­ The date, July 14, Bastille day. Known, in history, for violence. ­ Shock factor on how it was down. (Using a car, was unique but not new) ­ How many people were killed ­ ISIS claimed him (the terrorist) as a solider of ISIS. Defining Terrorism ­ Weinburg et. al. (2004) • Identifies 4 arenas of discussion: 1. Academic arena (A student studying terrorism, etc) 2. State’s idea about terrorism (laws) 1 Monday, August 22, y 3. Public debate (media) 4. Opposition to repressive state Focus on academic arena ­ Schmid and Jongman: examined 109 definitions  How different was Wenburg et al’s study? ­ Sought definitions from three journals: total 73 definitions  of terrorism ­ The three journals:  • Terrorism • Terrorism and Political Violence • Studies in Conflict and Terrorism *These three journals were were wrote on terrorism from Schmid and Jongman *1997 ­ 1991 Schmid and Jongman studied terrorism for almost 20 years Common Elements of Terrorism:  1 Terrorism is a method of combat 5. Political Purpose 6. Involves a threat of force and violence 7. Pursuit of publicity One area of disagreement:  ­ The psychological aspect (Weinburg’s study) in study showed that majority believes  was not an irrational act.  Consensus Definition of Terrorism:  ­ Terrorism is a politically motivated tactic involving the threat or use of force or  violence in which the pursuit of publicity plays a significant role. Key Elements of Conceptualization:  2 Monday, August 22, y 1 Motives: Political 8. Methods: ViolenceTe 9. Targets National/ International government 3


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