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by: Nina

Geography_Week_1.pdf GEPL 3050

Marketplace > University of Toledo > Geography > GEPL 3050 > Geography_Week_1 pdf
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About this Document

These notes cover the slides and some additional things said in Geography 3050.
Geography of US and Canada
Daniel J Hammel
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nina on Monday August 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEPL 3050 at University of Toledo taught by Daniel J Hammel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Geography of US and Canada in Geography at University of Toledo.


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Date Created: 08/22/16
Geography Week 1 “Earth Writing” Eratosthenes 200 B.C. Estimated the Circumference of the Earth Third Librarian of Alexandria He was known as the “Beta (second) of Cyrene” Laura Pulido Geography Professor at USC Always wondered why it didn’t snow in LA It is possible that it snows in LA (Example: Burbank Feb 2011, first snow 62 years) The Four Traditions Earth Science Regional Geographers often specify themselves as the experts in regions Human Environment Environment has some impact on many different factors Spatial Organization Everything on earth is not distribute evenly What are processes that create patterns in geography? Why are cities separated by race, ethnicity, income, etc? Does is matter why we are segregated? +Geospatial Technologies Diving the Land (Ways we divide land) Metes and Bounds  Using landmarks (creeks, stumps, etc) to mark property French Long Lots  Present wherever you see a French influence Spanish Land Grants The Public Land Survey Dominion Land Survey  Canada Township & Range Principal Meridian in the North/South Line The Base line is West; The Line is East _____________________________________________________________________________________ The Middle Atlantic Northern Middle Atlantic NY, NJ, and CT Physiography Rolling to Mountainous, Forested Settlement in Valleys Rugged in many parts Fall Line Splits two very different terrains Goes from Virginia all the way to Maine Stops navigation on the rivers but makes it easier to travel over at shallow regions Small scale industrialization was on the fall line so that waterfalls can generate power Hudson River doesn’t have a fall line Agricultural Activities Truck Farming – farming crops using a truck Specialty Crops – Ex. High value cheeses Industrial Activities Never a major heavy manufacturing center Some specialized manufacturing (fashion apparel) Corporate Headquarters Transportation Major transport center- the main corridor west Tourism Catskills, Adirondacks, Finger Lakes, Lake Champlain Doesn’t necessarily pay well; Often seasonal The City Size – 8/19 million (City is 35% white non-Hispanic) New York is world’s most Important City History 1624 First Permanent European Settlement (New Amsterdam) 1664 Peter Stuyvesant surrendered the colony to the British 1790 was one of three major cities in the US 1825 completion of the Erie Canal City populations: 1790 NY – 33,931 Philly – 28.522 Boston – 18,320 1830 NY – 202,589 Baltimore - 80,620 Philly – 80, 462 Morphology The 5 Boroughs are Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, Bronx, and Staten Island (Land Use Characteristics) Development of Manhattan Original Settlements (Manhattan was the first) The Grid (1811) Downtown In Wall Street they don’t allow cars anymore


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