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Lecture 1 Notes

by: Laura Morillo

Lecture 1 Notes ANTH 3850

Laura Morillo
GPA 3.75

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About this Document

general anthropology introduction and intro to human ecology
Peoples of the World
Seamus Metress
Class Notes
Anthropology, basics
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Laura Morillo on Monday August 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 3850 at University of Toledo taught by Seamus Metress in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Peoples of the World in Anthropology at University of Toledo.


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Date Created: 08/22/16
Aug 22 ndDay 1 The Anthropological Approach - Bio/cultural - Diachronic – study in both the past and the present - Cross-cultural - Participant observation - Stress groups not individuals - Multi-causality – no simple cause and effect, multiple reasons for everything - Use of multidisciplinary sources – following other fields for a better understanding - Holistic worldview – everything is connected (laws of ecology) Ecosystem - An ecosystem is a total number of living things and nonliving things that interact in a demarcated area. - Can be small or really big ecosystems o Whole region to area under a rock - Ecosystems are constantly changing - Some are more fragile than others - Some can recover easily some can’t - “ecological zones” - four parts to an ecosystem o producers (green plants) o consumers (primary, secondary, tertiary…) o reducers (eats the dead…) o abiotic substances (non-living materials) How can ecosystem be used to study humans? - Humans are members of the ecosystem in which they reside - We as humans can greatly alter or destroy our ecosystem - Modern humans can affect multiple ecosystems at the same time - Biosphere people vs ecosystem people o Biosphere is the whole living layer of the earth o Biosphere people use resources from all over the earth (sometimes unaware of how their everyday life affects others) o Ecosystem people – they live within the local/nearby ecosystem o When they see something happening within their ecosystem they know to do something about it o Developed countries – mostly biosphere people Basic principles of human ecological context - Humans occupy a great variety of ecological systems - We can study organism within the context of their history - We can discover how strategies for survival differ and adapt - Our bodies are bundles of adaptations, but there are compromises and costs for all adaptations i.e. back problems, food and air holes so close - No adaptations of humans are perfect for all systems - Human Ecology -The study of the relationship and interactions between humans, our biology and cultural background and our environment Major human factors that impact the biosphere - Population growth and distribution - Misuse of technology - Consumption increase - Oversimplification and destruction of ecosystems (i.e. simplified farm fields) - Failed ideas of economic and political concepts - Egotistical attitudes, self-centeredness Urban Ecosystem - Mostly produces junk - How to balance urban ecosystems? - NY city progressive ecologically - CAFO’s – concentrated animal feedlot operations


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