New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

ARH252 Week 2 Notes: August 22-August 26

by: Krystyna Kridos

ARH252 Week 2 Notes: August 22-August 26 ARH 252

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > ARH 252 > ARH252 Week 2 Notes August 22 August 26
Krystyna Kridos

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

In class notes and notes from the book.
Survey Of Art I
Mary K. Benefield
Class Notes
Art, history, Art History
25 ?




Popular in Survey Of Art I

Popular in Department

This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Krystyna Kridos on Monday August 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 252 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mary K. Benefield in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views.


Reviews for ARH252 Week 2 Notes: August 22-August 26


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/22/16
Notes for August 22, 2016  Paleolithic and Western Europe(cont.)  Neolithic  ● Landscape Volcanic Eruption(slide 17)  ○ 6150 BCE  ○ First known landscape painting in which humans and animals do not  appear  ○ Possibly a narrative  ○ Expansive land seen from a specific viewpoint  ○ Trying to depict a landmark  ○ May or may not be erupting  ○ One of the oldest mural paintings from Catal Hӧyük   ○ Pure landscape    ● Deer Hunt(slide 18)  ○ 5750 BCE  ○ Most depictive picture of the shape of the human body  ○ Composite view  ■ See whole body  ○ Hunting deer     ● Hagar Qim(Slide 19)  ○ Malta  ○ 2500 BCE  ○ Megalithic structure  ○ Monumental architecture  ○ Possibly a temple  ○ Megalith ­ huge stone  ○ Used post and lintel system  ■ Two posts support a horizontal beam     ● Stonehenge(Slide 20)  ○ Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England  ○ 2550 ­ 1600 BCE  ○ Circle: 97’ in diameter; trilithons: 24’ high  ■ Trilithons ­ three­stone constructions  ○ Arrangement of megalithic stone with a ditch  ○ Cremated remains found  ○ Could have possibly been a funerary site in it’s early stages  ○ Also used as a solar calendar   ○ Heel stone  ■ Sun rises above on summer solstice  ○ Built in several stages over hundreds of years    ● Clicker Questions:  ○ Agriculture and raising stock became human kind’s chief source of food  during the _________ period.  ■ Neolithic  ○ The use of _________ along with it’s large scale suggested the sculpture  ​ Human with Feline Head was important to the creator.  ■ Mammoth ivory  ○ Figures sculpted in the round can be defined as __________  ■ Freestanding sculptures  ​ ○ Venus of Willendorf is thought to be a _________  ■ Fertility sculpture  ○ _________ was used almost every time for the representation of animals  in paleolithic life.  ■ Profile view  ○ What was on of the most outstanding differences between neolithic and  paleolithic art?  ■ Larger scale and a more sophisticated technique  ​ ○ Figures in the D ​ eer Hunt wall painting from Catal Hӧyük are rendered in  _________ which describes what a human body is.  ■ Composite view                        August 24, 2016  Mesopotamia and Persia  ○ Fundamental change of man  ○ Mesopotamia is between the Tigris and Euphrates river  ○ Huge power struggle during these times  Sumerian  ○ Called the culture of firsts  ○ They were first to:  ■ Written languages(cuneiform)  ■ City­states  ■ Laws  ■ Irrigation  ■ Learn to use the wheel and plow  ○ Transitioning to civilization  ○ Brought out of neolithic culture and into civilization  ○ Culture:  ■ Shared language  ■ Beliefs  ■ Behaviors  ■ Customs  ■ Technology  ○ What separates culture from civilization?  ■ Laws  ■ Transportation  ■ Hierarchy  ○ Stage of human social development  ○ 3500­3000 Urban revolution  ○ Independant city­states governed by the king   ○ King was believed to be segway between God’s and the people  ○ City­states  ■ Took responsibility for all its inhabitants  ■ If you grew crops you took to city center and they were dispersed  equally  ○ Society revolved around agriculture  ○ Polytheistic society  ■ Believed in more than one god   ○ First known literature → Epic of Gilgamesh    ● White Temple and Ziggurat, Uruk  ○ 3200 ­ 3000 BCE  ○ Ziggurat ­ center of city  ○ Built before pyramids  ○ Highest point in town  ○ Reached by a series of ramps  ○ Priests and kings resided on top of the ziggurat  ■ So they could be closer to the God’s   ■ Better vantage point of the city­state  ○ Made out of mud brick  ○ Was built high so that it would not be flooded  ○ Indicative of importance  ○ Each city­state had a specific deity they focused on  ■ Anu ­ God of the sky(Uruk)  ■ Nanna ­ moon God(Ur)  ■ Inanna(Ishtar) ­ Sumerian Goddess of love and war(Uruk)  ○ The White Temple was probably dedicated to Anu, the sky god  ○ Had a central hall(cella) w/ a stepped altar   ○ Was battered  ■ Had sloping sides and was inclined  ○ Also has crenellations(indented sides on ziggurat)  ● Inanna(Ishtar)  ○ Uruk, Iraq   ○ 3200 ­ 3000 BCE 4th millenium BCE  ○ Marble  ○ Found at burial site   ○ 8’’ high  ○ Possibly inlaid with  jewels   ○ Possibly had  a wig  ○ Possibly connected to a whole body  ● Warka Vase  ○ First to use pictures to tell a story  ○ First to use ground line  ○ Votive offering  ○ Relief sculpture  ○ Depicts a religious festival in honor of Inanna  ○ Organized narrative into registers with figures standing on a common  ground line  ○ Read from bottom to top    ○ Bottom registers:   ■ rams and crops depict how these were the staple of the sumerian  economy  ○ Middle registers:   ■ the naked men carrying crops depicts a votive offering to the gods  ■ composite view  ○ Top registers:  ■ scale of figures indicate a higher importance  ■ Clothing represents a figure of authority(king/priest) along with the  cap  ■ Inanna can be seen wearing a horned helmet(indicative of a God)  ● Eshnunna Statuettes  ○ Square Temple, Eshnunna, Iraq  ○ Statuette of two worshipers  ○ 2700 BCE  ○ Gypsum, shell, and black limestone  ○ There was a whole group of these statuettes found in varying sizes  ○ They were not meant to be seen together  ○ Their purpose was to essentially be a stand in for worshiping when the  person was not physically there  ○ Statuettes holding libations(ritual pouring of liquid)  ○ The eyes most likely symbolize the eternal wakefulness necessary to fulfil  their duty  ● Standard of Ur(War side)  ○ Royal Cemetery of Ur  ○ 2600 ­ 2400 BCE  ○ 8’’ x 1’7’’   ○ Trapezoidal box with two sides(War/peace)  ○ Wooden inlaid with lapis lazuli(imported//shows importance)  ○ Read from left to right and top to bottom  ○ Bottom register:   ■ coming/going to battle  ■ Crushing bodies of their enemies in their chariots   ○ Middle register:  ■ Foot soldiers lead away slaves/prisoners of war  ​     August 26, 2016  Mesopotamia and Persia(cont.)  Sumerian(cont.)  ● Review from Aug. 24, 2016  ○ Society most advanced  ○ Religion was important in everyday life  ○ Each city­state was under the rule of a certain God/deity  ○ Double scale ­ size of scale dignifies importance  ○ Royal Cemetary at Ur  ■ People buried in elaborate fashions  ● Gold, jewels,chariots, etc.  ● Sometimes servants were killed and buried with owners    ● Bull Headed Harp  ○ Royal cemetery at Ur  ○ 2600 ­ 2400 BCE  ○ 1’ 7’’ high  ○ Lapiz lazuli, red limestone  ○ From tomb 789(King’s grave)  ○ Also known as a lyre    ● Sound Box(inlaid on bull headed harp)  ○ Meaning unknown  ○ Profile view  ○ Funerary object  ○ The hero’s body and scorpion­man are the only figures in composite view  ○ Musical instrument  ○ Possibly depicting God’s   ○ Possibly representative of the afterlife or an epic poem/story  ○ In the top register the artist used heraldic composition(symmetrical on  either side of a figure)    ● Cylinder Seals  ○ Made of lapis lazuli  ○ Worn like a necklace   ○ Used to sign documents    Akkadian  ○ 2332 BCE  ○ King Sargon ­ father of Akkadians  ○ Where they come from is unknown but they are believed to have come  from the Babylon area  ○ Take over the Sumerian area  ○ Semitic in origin  ○ Spoken language related to hebrew and arabic and did not speak  sumerian  ○ Adopted cuneiform when they took over  ○ Their kings were viewed as a God rather than someone chosen by the  God’s to represent them    ● Head of an Akkadian Ruler  ○ Hollow cast   ○ 2550 ­ 2200 BCE  ○ At one point there was a whole body connected   ○ Destruction possibly due to dislike of the king  ○ Unique blend of abstract features and naturalistic features  ○ Blending of features represent how people could have looked at this ruler  as larger than life or other worldly  ○ Oldest known monumental work of a hollow­cast sculpture    ● Victory of Stele of Naram­Sin  ○ Susa, Iran  ○ 2254 ­ 2218 BCE  ○ 6’7’’ high  ○ Shows defeat of lullabi people by the Akkadians  ○ No registers but narrative can be seen clearly  ○ Naram­Sin figure is obvious and is shown in a composite view  ○ The three suns represent other Gods/deities  ○ First landscape in ancient art  ○ Order on the left → chaos on the right  ○ Naram­sin is larger than the other figures   ○ Naram­sin seen wearing a horned helmet signifying divinity  ○ Peak of mountain touching the sun  ○ First time king is in art  ○ First monument dedicated to gods  ○ First time seeing a figure “falling through space”    Neo­Sumerian period  ○ The mountain people Gutians, bring an end to Akkadian power in 2150  BCE  ○ Sumerians united and drove the Gutians out  ○ Neo sumerian age started (also known as the Third Dynasty of Ur)    ● Ziggurat at Ur  ○ Building of architecture that speaks to them as people  ○ Millennium after 1st ziggurat at Uruk  ○ Three staircases lead to the top with 100 stairs per staircase  ○ Possible drainage slits to give relief to structure  ○ 250’ tall  ○ Mud brick base is 50’ high  ● Gudea of Lagash  ○ Girsu, iraq  ○ 2100 BCE  ○ Diorite   ■ hard permanent stone  ■ expensive  ○ 2’5’’ high  ○ Symbol of power and authority  ○ Shown enthroned(seated)  ○ Has a very frontal composition  ○ Typically looks idealistic with no imperfections    The Code of Hammurabi  ○ Re Emergence of city­states  ○ Babylon ruled by Hammurabi  ○ Re­establishment of centralized government  ○ Hammurabi known for conquests  ​ ​


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.