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History of London: Lecture 1

by: Sanjana Ghosh

History of London: Lecture 1 HIST-UA 9127

Marketplace > New York University > History > HIST-UA 9127 > History of London Lecture 1
Sanjana Ghosh

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Notes on the Roman reign in Londonium and the reign of The Anglo-Saxons, Vikings and other tribes. (43 AD - 1066 AD)
History of London
Stephen Inwood
Class Notes
history, england, Romans, Anglo, Saxons, Vikings, empire
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sanjana Ghosh on Tuesday August 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST-UA 9127 at New York University taught by Stephen Inwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see History of London in History at New York University.


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Date Created: 08/23/16
  Lecture 1: September 5th    Roman London:   ­Romans invaded London in 43 AD   ­For slaves cattle, iron, bronze, lead, tin and corn  ­1st 1000 years based on unwritten materials  ­Roman London lasted 400 years   ­Lots of wood structures. Wood can be dated for archaeologists  ­No formal description written till the late 12th century  ­Map made in the 16th century  ­Romans reigned from ​43­410 AD​ and Saxons took over from ​410­1066  ­1066 ­ Battle of the Hastings. When the Normans took over   ­55 BC Caesar had influence over London  ­London copied Rome: same coins and relics/architecture as Romans   ­British people traded with Rome but was conquered in 43 AD  ­Roman invasion ­ asked to help British tribe initially, then took over London  ­Romans also wanted slaves from Britain  ­Romans arrived by Sea, through Kent, across land and tribes and through the shallow part  of the Thames    ­London: lowest point near the Thames to transfer and transport goods over the river   ­London bridge: where Romans built their bridge.   ­Romans built roads that led to London. London become a great port   ­Queen Boudicca lead a revolt against the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire won.   ­60 AD, London was burnt to the ground by Queen Boudicca   ­Tacitus recorded the history of Boudicca’s revolt: one of the very first historical references  in London    ­London was initially a center of business and trade. It wasn’t very much a military center  ­London was rebuilt after Boudicca’s revolution  ­Romans incorporated British people into their Empire  ­Uncivilised British people became more civilised  ­Thames wasn’t suited for trading. Artificial walls were built   ­Mosaics were found     ­200 AD: wall was built around Roman London (20 feet high).   ­300 AD, unconquered people attached the outer parts of the Roman Empire.   ­400 AD, the Huns and Goths take over London   ­Mercenaries to fight for their side    ­Romans couldn’t help deflect invaders   ­London was also invaded by Scotts     ­Saxons set up many tribes across England. Saxons provided the language for the British  (Anglo­Saxon)  ­English ­ germanic language   ­Latin was introduced to the British by the Normans (The Normans were from Normandy  and spoke French)  ­Welsh people know the Anglo Saxon language   ­England has many Anglo Saxon names   ­Roman London ­ where St. Paul’s cathedral is and the Tower of London (wall surrounds  that area)  ­Saxons didn’t live in the same places as the Romans. This is because the Roman city had  debris all over it  ­830 AD, Vikings attacked Saxons  ­Saxons moved to the area with the wall to protect themselves from the vikings.   ­Kingdom of Wessex ­ Alfred the Great   ­Alfred was one of the last Saxon kings, he beat the Danes and recaptured London  ­Danes ruled over the East of England   ­Saxons re­conquered England which stopped England from becoming more Scandinavian  ­Alfred the great ­ translated works (French/Italian) to Anglo­Saxon. Started a navy and  was a great advocate of culture and the arts 


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