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NTRI 2000 - Huggins - Week 1 Notes

by: Hayden Massey

NTRI 2000 - Huggins - Week 1 Notes ntri 2000

Marketplace > Auburn University > Nutrition > ntri 2000 > NTRI 2000 Huggins Week 1 Notes
Hayden Massey
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About this Document

Everything we covered and more in Huggins NTRI 2000 Class
Dr. Kevin W Huggins
Class Notes




Popular in Nutrition

Popular in Nutrition

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hayden Massey on Tuesday August 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ntri 2000 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Kevin W Huggins in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Nutrition in Nutrition at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 08/23/16
Nutrition – Week 1 Huggins ▯ Chapter 1 – Nutrition, Food Choices, and Health ▯ ▯ Nutrition: study of how food nourishes the body and influences our health Links foods to health and disease It’s a science!! ▯ ▯ Nutrients: Chemicals found in foods that are critical to human growth and function; EX: Vitamin A,C,E,K, Fiber, Iron, Zinc, Fatty Acids Broccoli – 20 nutrients ▯ ▯ Essential Nutrients: Nutrients that the body can’t make or can’t make in sufficient amounts  Must be obtained from foods EX: Vitamin C  Specific Biological Function o EX: Vitamic C = makes collagen  Omission leads to decline  Regain normal function when restored to the diet ▯ ▯ Scurvy: classic nutritional disease; lack of Vitamin C  Loss of teeth  Black/bleeding gums  Pale skin  Sunken eyes  Weak/Lethargic  Internal Hemorrhaging – cause of death Vitamin C is important because it is a protein that helps maintain integrity of tissue and helps maintain the tissue and the blood vessels by producing collagens  See effects after 30-60 days ▯ ▯ It’s common for college kids to put 0 on the fruit portion of the diet project. However, they get their Vitamin C from potatoes (aka French fries) ▯ ▯ Sources of Essential Nutrients:  Naturally in foods  Fortified Foods  Dietary Supplements ▯ ▯ Find essential nutrients in fortified foods like milk, because they make low fat skim milk which has Vitamin A & D milk ▯ ▯ Whole milk has more nutrients than skim milk, however it also has more calories as well ▯ ▯ Other food components:  Foods can also provide … o Phytochemicals: substances found in plant foods that may have health-promoting properties Red Wine – lower rates of obesity, heart disease, etc. WHY? Because of nutrients in the skin of the grape Blueberries – prevent type 2 diabetes Cinnamon – better memory Tomatoes – prevent prostate cancer Soy Beans – estrogen like compound (menopause) NOT ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS ▯ ▯ Why study nutrition?  Prevention of disease o Poor diet and sedentary lifestyle are risk factors for chronic diseases o Chronic Disease: takes many years to develop; genetics plays a large role o Leading cause of death in the US: heart disease (#1) – 23.7% of all deaths cancer (#2) – 22.9% of all deaths o Brain has a ton of cholesterol o Obesity in the US  Top States: Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky South Carolina, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, West Virginia, Iowa  Leads to higher risk of heart disease, cancer, stroke, etc ▯ ▯ Six Classes of Nutrients:  Carbohydrates – Macronutrient  Lipids – Macronutrient  Proteins – Macronutrient  Vitamins – Micronutrient  Minerals – Micronutrient  Water ▯ ▯ Nutrient Functions:  Providing Energy (calories)  Growth, development, and maintenance ▯ ▯ Energy: ability to do work; nutrients are broken down (metabolized) to yield energy


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