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Tutorial Notes

by: Caleb Jordon

Tutorial Notes MU 1113

Caleb Jordon

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About this Document

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Music History and Appreciation
Ryan Ross
Class Notes
Music, history
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caleb Jordon on Tuesday August 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MU 1113 at Mississippi State University taught by Ryan Ross in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Music History and Appreciation in Music History at Mississippi State University.

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Date Created: 08/23/16
Music Appreciation  8.16.16 Elements of Music ­Melody: an organized musical line; the tune (what most people remember) ­Melodic Motion: the way the melody moves from note to note ­Steps, Leaps, and Repeated pitches ­steps: going from one note to the one next to it ­half step: b to c,  c# to d ­whole step: d to e, f to g, e to f sharp (e to f is a half step) ­Whole tone scale (cartoon dreaming in space) ­Chromatic scale (flight of bumblebee) ­leaps: going from one one note to the one not next to it ­repeated pitches: repeating a series of steps/leaps ­Phrase: sections of a melody ­Form: organizing structure of a composition ­may have few or many melodies ­Example: Yesterday (Beatles) Intro­A­A­B­A­Coda ­Pitch: the exact highness or lowness of a note ­to measure pitch, we use the first seven letters of the alphabet (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) ­these letters repeat at higher frequencies (octaves) ­Intervals: distance between any two pitches ­can be half or whole steps nd rd th th ­2 , 3 , 4 , 5  etc. ­Octave: interval of the same pitch at consecutive frequencies ­Consonant intervals: stable, restful sounds ­Dissonant intervals: unstable, unrestful sounds ­Melodic intervals: notes not played simultaneously ­Harmonic intervals: notes played simultaneously ­sharp(#): altering a pitch one half step higher ­flat(b): altering a pitch one half step lower ­Dynamics: levels of loudness or softness ­we use italian symbols ­why? Italians were the ones who came up with it. ­crecendo: gradual increase in dynamic (<) ­decrescendo or deminuendo: gradual decrease in dynamic (>) Music Appreciation 8.18.16 ­Rhythm: the organization of stressed beats; the element of time in music ­beat: regular pulse of the music ­notes: visual representations of pitch and rhythm ­whole note: semibreve ­half note: minim ­quarter note: crotchet ­eighth note: quaver ­sixteenth note: semiquaver ­dots: add half the value of the note to the note ­dotted half note: 3 beats ­dotted quarter note: 2.5 beats ­dotted whole note: 6 notes ­rests: visual representations of silence ­measure: grouping of beats, marked by bar lines ­meter: the number and length of beats in each measure ­time signature: a symbol representing a particular meter (looks like a fraction)  ­top number: how many beats per measure ­bottom number: what counts as one beat ­duple meter: a meter that groups beats in sets divisible by 2 (marches) ­triple meter: a meter that groups beats in sets divisible by 3 (waltzes) ­irregular meter: a meter not fitting duple or triple categories ­syncopation: stress on weak beats or weak parts of beats ­tempo: the speed at which a piece is played Harmony: the pitches supporting a melody ­harmony is built upon or related to scales ­scale: a group of notes arranged in descending or ascending order; usually consisting of  patterns of whole and half steps ­major scale: 2 half steps (w w w h w w w h ­minor scale:  ­chords: three or more different notes played together; intervals determine  consonance/dissonance ­arpeggio: when notes of a chord are played separately instead of together ­tonic: the key note of a scale or chord (ending note of happy birthday/whiskey and shave) ­key/mode:  DELETE *happy birthday (c major and unhappy birthday in c minor) ­the tonality in which a piece is composed ­major ­minor Texture: the way in which different musical sounds are combined ­four primary textures ­monophony: a single, unaccompanied line or melody ­polyphony: two or more distinct, independent musical lines being sounded  together (not harmonic) ­ DELETE: beautiful savior was the hymn he played


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