ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 2
ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 2 ANT 304
Popular in Intro Archaeol Stds: Prehist
Popular in Anthropology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sena Sarikaya on Tuesday August 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. Valdez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Intro Archaeol Stds: Prehist in Anthropology at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 08/23/16
Class Lecture Week 2 08/29 study of trash treasure hunter: romance of arch. (glamour) 10 mil. tourists/year @Mex for Pyramids 2 mil. tourists/year @Machi Pichu how old what do the tools, etc. mean? museum gift shop looters, collectors, treasure hunters = greedy/ curse of arch. art dealers take to collectors for $$ robbed of knowledge/history b/c context is lost (where it was from, etc. not documented ex. effigies pots, jewelry, etc. desire to collect ex. barbed wire, beer cans real arch = preserving the past inventory of material is finite for insight you need CONTEXT: that place in time & space removing artifact from context is irreversible, behavior is lost modern arch: systematic study of humanity in past every aspect (religion, society) prehistory: before written documents types of archaeologists: classical: ancient greeks, romans, egypt sculptures, artwork how social, economic concerns reflected in arch. record historical: recent past, North America, spanish missions, American forts pottery (trade), military uniform supplements historical documents historical documents always have propaganda audiencewhom was it written for? from Maya to historical ex .Spanish Missions priests write back (2nd bell tower) colonial williamsburg claims validated by archaeology underwater: limited because dive contemporary: collect trash Uni of Ariz @Tuscon waste found that vitamin waste in poor neighborhood not in rich valuable for business & marketing for targeting prehistoric: earliest identified human to modern human 99% history IS prehistory 5000 years ago collab. w/ biologists, geologists specialists agriculture, etc. no one can be expert in all aspects 08/31 James Ussher (Arch Bishop) est. 4000 BC when world was created calc. from script Darwin evolution elongated Ussher’s estimate archaeologists finding tools etc. where ppl extinct how, why evolve into dif. societies? how to tie dif. ppl to story of creation garden of Eden, etc. if everyone came from one (Adam and Eve) then how to tie to biblical notions? anthropology comes about to study groups how to account for all ppl Edward Tylor 1870’s British anthropologist organize humanity 3 stages of achievement savagery barbarism civilization modern & prehistoric gatherer/ hunter = savagery culturally advanced = civilization if some ppl progress through stages then how first did they become that way? milestones in prehistory trend found: near east= earliest ppl etc…. b/c genius? No hunt./gat. culture IS HUGE control food supply @ different places, @ different times agriculture starts dif. development b/c.. independently dif. develp. of plants, animals depend. on needs Asia: foxtail b/c rain New World: corn and squash 35,000 yrs ago civil. thought that tropical large civil. impos. but not very few human devel. is unique only few devel. well recorded very first stone, bone = beginning of human his. anthropological archaeology = prehist. arch. cultural = contemporary phys./bio. = human anthropology arch.= past Adolf Bandalier SW U.S. pueblos spanish accounts, pueblo informants basic arch. principle. from known to unknown (working back) step by step Cushing 5.5 years among Zuni secret society, clothes, immersed architect, artifacts, stories known to unknown carrying anthropology to prehist. times arch. study human society not objects artifacts = tools to study the past ant. archaeology goals 1. study culture history 2. reconstruction of ancient life hoods 3. ways in which human culture change why? describe the surviving remains of human beh. in the past up until 1950’s just describing artifacts not enough changes that took place b/c... ecological, environmental factors Gordon Willey Peru survey settlements over time settlement pattern archaeology end of 1950’s method. theoretical app. change young arch. say not enough generation of students in college from military use stat. tech. use millions of data bits explain cultural change why some change & revert? why some change & others don’t? Lewis Binford why cultures are the way they were @ certain times instead of preservation only objects, assumes preserve of all aspects of history enthusiasm for scientific approach promised breakthrough failed BUT pushed arch. forward “New” Archaeology processual arch. process involved in history most arch. today post process. arch ideology, religion, aspects now very specialized but all very processual
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