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English 101 chapters 1-4 Notes

by: Raye Notetaker

English 101 chapters 1-4 Notes Engl 101

Raye Notetaker

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About this Document

MCCKC's English 101 Notes. Chapters 1-4. Scatterfield
Composition and Reading 1
Susan Elaine Satterfield
Class Notes
english, MCCKC, MCC, English101, notes, Scatterfield




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raye Notetaker on Tuesday August 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Engl 101 at Metropolitan Community College - Kansas City taught by Susan Elaine Satterfield in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Composition and Reading 1 in English at Metropolitan Community College - Kansas City.


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Date Created: 08/23/16
English 101 MCC- Satterfield Chapters 1-4 Notes Chapter 1 Genre: A genre is sometimes simply defined by its structure alone. More specifically, genres are ways of writing and speaking that help people interact, communicate, and work together. They reflect what people do and offer stale patterns for responding to situations. Genres are: Flexible Adaptable to various situations Suit various fields Shape situations Playable Chapter 2 A rhetorical situation has five elements: Topic Angle Purpose Readers Context It is important to make a concept map in a rhetorical situation. There are two main types of papers; informative and persuasive. Informative papers advise, define, demonstrate, describe, explain, and inform. Persuasive papers advocate, argue, convince, defend, justify, persuade, and urge. *Thesis Statements There are four major types of thesis statements. Informative: The name says it all, they inform. An example would be “The Midwest is very flat and has lots of fields.” Argumentative: An argumentative thesis is a claim that readers can agree or disagree with. Question or open ended: A question or open ended thesis will have a question mark or say something like “The question explored in this paper...” Implied: An implied thesis is a non explicit thesis. *The are two special case theses, the implied thesis and question thesis. Chapter 3 When writing, make a written or mental reader profile. A brief reader profile: Who are my readers What do they need and/or want Where will they read this When will they read this Why are they reading this How will they read it. An extended reader profile is good when wanting to write a successful paper. It includes the brief reader profile and What are their needs What are their values What is their attitude towards YOU and the ISSUE. If they're welcoming use compelling arguments to encourage agreement. If they're hostile use solid reasoning, sufficient example, and good style to counter their resistance. Readers are easily influenced by place, medium (how it is presented), and social and political issues (including economic issues). Evaluating an argument: Place: How does the place influence the readers? Medium: How does the medium shape the way people read the text and what they focus on? ? Will the audience be paying attention to what you wrote or will they be distracted by a PowerPoint background, not read it because it is an ebook only, not read it because it is a paper book only? Social and Political Trends: What have people been saying about the issue(s)? How does the paper agree or disagree with the popular opinion and does it have facts to back it up? In the evaluation be sure to explain how to author adjusted his argument to the context in which it appears. Discuss whether or not you felt the opinion of the article succeeded. Be sure to explain well. Chapter 4 When reading critically you are: Asking insightful Questions Figuring out why people believe some things and are skeptical of others Evaluating: reasoning, emotion, and authority in the text Contextualizing the text culturally, ethically, and politically. Analyzing the text based on your own values and beliefs. There are seven strategies to reading critically STRATEGY 1: Preview the Text What are the major features of the text? (Pay attention to the title, subtitle, author, chapters, headings, and visuals.) What is the purpose of the text? What is the genre? What is my initial response? STRATEGY 2: Believing and Doubting Game. Believing: Imagine you believe what the author says (regardless of whether you actually do or do not). Judge the author's text based off you believing that it sounds brilliant, interesting, and important. Doubting does the exact opposite. Judge the text off the arguments of “So what?” and “Who cares?” and the like. STRATEGY 3: Annotate Highlight Annotate Take notes Keep track of what is important in the text STRATEGY 4: Analyze the Proofs LOGOS ETHOS PATHOS These are words that come from the Greek language and are often used by rhetoricians. Logos: Reason (logic) Ethos: Authority Pathos: Emotion Logos: x=y, either x or y, x causes y, benefits of x are worth y, x is better than y. Reasoning though examples involves using real or hypothetical examples/situations by referring to personal experiences, historical anecdotes, demonstrations, and well-known stories. Ethos: Look at how the author looks at his own authority or the authority of others Pathos: Authors use many attempts to sway your opinion, especially in advertising. Authors, movie writers, and advertisers evoke feelings such as happiness, to sadness, to love, to discomfort in attempt to make the audience feel a certain way or do something (such as buy a product). STRATEGY 5: Contextualize the Text Cultural context: Research the author's culture and the culture's values. Ethical context: Look for issues in which the author is concerned about: fairness, legalities, rights, sustainability. How is the author responding to the abuse of the rights/laws? Where does the author believe this is happening and how? How are the author's beliefs different from your own, if at all? Political context: Consider political tensions, conflicts, and wars that were happening at the time the author wrote the text. Was the author encouraging political change, feeling threatened, or have any substantial opinion? Was there violence? Who were the political and religious leaders at the time that shaped the events? STRATEGY 6: Analyze your own beliefs Ask yourself: How did my first reaction influence my overall interpretation of the text? How did my personal beliefs influence my interpretation. How did my beliefs cause me to react favorably to some parts and unfavorably towards others? Why was I pleased or irritated towards some parts of the text? Have my views changed? It's a good thing if your own ideas were challenged. Be sure to treat the author with the same respect that you'd want to be treated with, but also don't be afraid to challenge the author if you disagree. STRATEGY 7: Respond to the Text Ask yourself if your initial response was accurate, why or why not? In what ways did the author's purpose match the project you're working on? Can you use the material? How? How did the author's ideas compare or contrast with what you need? Did the text truly meet your purposes?


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