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by: Jada Tucker

Lifespan_of_Human_Development_August_23_2016.pdf HDFS 2113

Marketplace > Oklahoma State University > Human Development & Family Science (HDFS) > HDFS 2113 > Lifespan_of_Human_Development_August_23_2016 pdf
Jada Tucker
OK State
GPA 3.0

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Lecture #2
Lifespan Human Development
Kris Struckmeyer
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jada Tucker on Tuesday August 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 2113 at Oklahoma State University taught by Kris Struckmeyer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Human Development in Human Development & Family Science (HDFS) at Oklahoma State University.

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Date Created: 08/23/16
Lifespan of Human Development (HDFS 2113) August 23, 2106 Theories of Development Theory v. Hypothesis - Theory is a set of coherent ideas that help explain phenomenon and facilitate predictions o Ideas are inherited o Composed of supported hypotheses o Produce testable hypotheses - Hypothesis is a testable prediction o Does not have to be written as and if/then statement o Supported- not proven Scientific Method - Determine problem - Collect data - Analyze the data - Draw Conclusions Psychoanalytic Theories Psychosexual Theories (Freud) - Development in early life affects later development - Sexual Factors - Adult personality is determined through how we resolve conflicts between the id and superego through each stage Oral Stage Anal Stage Phallic Latency Genital Stage Mouth Anal Stage Stage Significant Birth- 18m 18m-3 Genitals Repress Other years 3 to 6 years 6 to Puberty Puberty+ Psychosocial Theory (Erickson) - Developmental change is throughout the lifespan - 8 developmental stages o Crisis indicates a turning point, not catastrophe o Increased vulnerability and potential Age Conflict Resolution or Culmination in old “Virtue” age Infancy Basic trust v. Hope Appreciation of (0-1 year) Mistrust interdependence and relatedness Early Childhood Autonomy v. Will Acceptance of the (1-3 years) Shame cycle of life, from integration to disintegration Play Age Initiative v. Guilt Purpose Humor; empathy; (3-6 years) resilience School Age Industry v. Competence Humility; (6-12 years) Inferiority acceptance of the course of one’s life and unfulfilled hopes Adolescence Identity v. Fidelity Sense of (12-19 years) Confusion complexity of life; merging of sensory, logical and aesthetic perception Early Adulthood Intimacy v. Love Sense of (20-25 years) Isolation complexity of relationships; value of tenderness and loving freely Adulthood Generativity v. Care Caritas, caring for (26-64 years) Stagnation others, and agape, empathy and concern Old Age Integrity v. Despair Wisdom Existential Identity; (65-Death) a sense of integrity strong enough to withstand physical disintegration Cognitive Theories Cognitive Development Theory (Piaget) - Organization and adaptation o Organization: tendency to sort information into related, interconnected structures o Adaption: adjusting to new environmental demands - Four stages of cognitive development o Sensorimotor stage (birth to 2)  Coordinating sensory stimilui o Preoperational Stage (2 to 7)  Represent the world with words, images etc o Concrete Operational Stage (7 to 11)  Can execute operations and reason logically o Formal Operational Stage (11+)  Begin to think abstractly - Sociocultural Cognitive Theory (Vygotsky) o Emphasizes culture and social interaction on cognitive development o Children learn through using social inventions Behavioral & Social Cognitive Theories Operant Conditioning (Skinner) - Consequences of behavior produces changes in the probability of the behaviors occurrence o Rewards increase behavior reoccurrence o Punishment decrease behavior reoccurrence - Development is behavior Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura) - Behavior, environment, and cognition are key factors in development - People acquire behavior, thoughts, and feelings by watching other Ecological Theory (Bronfenbrenner) - Emphasizes environmental factors


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