Psychology 121 (Section 5)- Chapter 1 Notes
Psychology 121 (Section 5)- Chapter 1 Notes 81067
Popular in General Psychology (PSY 121)
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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by April Sapp on Tuesday August 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 81067 at University of North Carolina - Greensboro taught by Jason E. Strickhouser in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see General Psychology (PSY 121) in Psychology (PSYC) at University of North Carolina - Greensboro.
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Date Created: 08/23/16
Ch 1: Psychology – The Evolution of a Science • What fundamental question has puzzled philosophers for millennia? How does the mind work? (How do humans obtain knowledge?Are humans born with certain innate knowledge?) • Who was a strong proponent of nativism (the view that certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn)? Plato • Who was a strong proponent of philosophical empiricism (view that all knowledge is acquired through experience)? Aristotle • How did work involving patients with brain damage help demonstrate the relationship between mind and brain? Patients who had brain damage, to the extent that it impaired them physically, were still able to communicate in different ways and understand what was said to them. • Who was Helmholtz and what did he develop? Aphysiologist. He developed a way to measure the speed of nerve impulses. • What was the useful application of Helmholtz's results? Helmholtz's results showed that mental processes do not occur instantaneously. Helmholtz was able to measure the length of time it takes a nerve impulse to travel to the brain. • How did the work of chemists influence early psychology? Chemists' attempt to understand the structure of matter by breaking natural substances into elements; influenced Wundt to create an approach to psychology known as structuralism. • How does functionalism relate to Darwin's theory of natural selection? Humans mental process is to survive. The mental process functions in order to live among others. • How was Freud influenced by work with hysteric patients? Freud was motivated to invent psychoanalytic theory, an approach that emphasizes the importance of unconscious mental processes in shaping feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. • Why are Freud's ideas less influential today? Freud's ideas were difficult to test.Also, the way he viewed human nature, stressing limitations and problems as opposed to possibilities and potentials, was considered dark. • How did behaviorism help psychology advance as a science? Measuring what people did, rather than what they said, was more reliable and objective. • What did Skinner learn by observing the behavior of hungry rats? Reinforcement allowed the brain to learn new material in a positive way. • Which of Skinner's claims provoked an outcry? Our sense of free will is merely an illusion; we're responding to present and past reinforcements. • Why might people not see what an experimenter actually showed them? The mind might process the perception of what is presented to it differently than what is actually present. • How did the advent of computers change psychology? The way a computer processes information could be studied in relation to how humans process information. This way of thinking led to cognitive psychology. • What did psychologists learn from pilots during World War II? Humans have a limit to how much information they could process at once; brought an understanding to human error. • What have we learned by watching the brain at work? Different uses of the body are controlled by different regions of the brain. • How did historical events influence the development of social psychology? Why people did certain things caused a rise of questioning as to why people interacted with each other the way they did, and what was the cause behind it. • How has the face of psychology changed as the field has evolved? Non-whites and women joined the study of psychology. • In what ways does psychology contribute to society? Psychology has helped people handle common crises as well as guide students, parents, and teachers in educational careers.
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