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Enclosure; Design Paradigm Reading Notes

by: Olivia Lichterman

Enclosure; Design Paradigm Reading Notes ARTD 251 001

Olivia Lichterman
GPA 3.8

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Notes from chapter three of the assigned reading.
Beginning Graphic Design I
Sarah Lowe (P)
Class Notes
Art, Design
25 ?




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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Lichterman on Tuesday August 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTD 251 001 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Sarah Lowe (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Beginning Graphic Design I in Art and Design Department at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.

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Date Created: 08/23/16
ENCLOSURE Design Paradigm Reading Due 8/25/16 CHAPTER 3 NOTES • Enclosure paradigms – involve the ways that things are held, encased, wrapped, and sheltered • Enclosure can imply shelter or containment • Enclosure is about separating the enclosed from everything else. • An enclosure might even serve to protect against environmental variations. • Cup o Most applications of the cup paradigm rely on gravity, containing liquids in a hollow with non-porous walls. o Two types of cups: o Free-standing, this includes objects like bowls, cups, pitchers, and even the giant cauldrons used in making steel. o The second type is the cuplike depression in a larger, usually fixed, object. This includes things like most standing bodies of water. o The cup or bowl is perhaps the most important handmade design paradigm. o Numerous cup forms can also be found in nature like some flowers, o Cups can be turned upside down to fully enclose an object or thing. • Jar o A jar is a container with a lid o Jars are usually made of nonporous materials capable of holding liquids and have wide mouths. o Jars can include tiny vials and test tubes, food jars, 50-gallon metal drums, etc. o If you seal a cup, the cup becomes a jar. o Taking the lid off a jar, makes it a cup o Jars are much better at enclosing liquids and objects than cups, because it is completely enclosed o They are good for storing and preserving food. • Bottle o Bottles and jars are very similar, but bottles have tapered necks. o Bottles are used almost exclusively for liquids o The tapered neck is much better for pouring liquids, but also more difficult for anything besides liquids. o Most bottles are poured to empty their contents o Most are made of glass or plastic, but occasionally made of leather. o They are often sealed with a crimped-on cap, corks, or nipples. o Bottles are often especially made for their contents o Even breasts can be considered bottles o The bladder also functions similarly like a bottle • Bubble o Bubbles are familiar as the round, thin, soap-film spheres children blue out of hoops. o Bubbles are made up of a thin film or shell encasing an air pocket o Bubbles also occur naturally like when gasses are released, or bubbles in ponds o There are air bubbles sometimes in water 2 o Water beetles dive beneath the surface with air bubbles in order to breath for an extended period of time o Bubbles formed inside a liquid can become permanently trapped as the liquid solidifies. o They are held together by surface tension o The bubble is now being used as a possible design concept due to its lack of material • Blister o A blister is a bubble or pocket of liquid affixed to a surface or trapped between two surfaces. o A blister is not free-standing o Bubble wrap is a sheet of plastic blisters o It is a very effective cushioning material o Blisters are often used in pill packaging • Net o A net is a porous, fabric mesh, made of string, cord, wire, or other similar materials o Twisted and woven together at regular intervals o A net is a most minimal enclosure o A net is used to separate solids from air or liquid o Nets can be used as barriers, like tennis in sports or as the sides in playpens. o A spider web is a net o The interNET is a NETwork o Netting is also used in clothes like swimsuits to keep them from holding water • Socket o A socket is a hold or opening in a body of determinate size into which usually fits a plug or a ball o A socket is a type of enclosure, albeit frequently only for it counterpart. 3 o Among the familiar sockets are electric sockets into which we insert electric plugs, socket wrenches, and ball and socket joints. o A well-designed socket on a lamp encloses the metal part of the bulb to protect the consumer from electric shock. • Skin o Skin is an outer layer or a set of layers on an animal, plant, or mechanical device that serves to enclose and protect its contents. o Skin provides a means of cooling ourselves o Our skin is self-repairing o Plastic over tablecloths at restaurants are considered skins o Clothes often perform skin-like functions o Most skins are flexible, effective barriers to liquids. o When we want to protect something from rain, we stretch skin over it • Wrap o Wrap could be considered a subset of the skin paradigm o Wrapping is usually discontinuous from their contents. o Wrappers are often used to contain and preserve food o Wrapping can be used to convey cleanliness o A wrap can be an outer garment like a coat o A cocoon is considered a wrap • Coating o Coatings are usually applied to spraying or painting a liquid onto the outer surface of an object or by dipping the object into a liquid o Sometimes these coating might be ice frozen over an object o Coatings are sometimes called glazes o Wax could be considered a coating o Coatings can also be used to harden or strengthen materials o Latex paints can enclose a form like skin 4 o Coatings can also be used to change the visual appearance of things or in other way to control their interaction with light • Capsule o A capsule is usually a rigid enclosure, unlike a bubble o Capsule don’t have to be shaped like medicine capsules o Many capsule can be opened to load and unload them o Most canned soups can be considered capsules o A “space capsule” is another term for a “space ship,” implying the rigid shell enclosing it human cargo and environment o A car can even be a capsule o Silly putty is also packaged in an egg-shaped capsule • Cell o A cell is like a capsule, but is usually part of a larger structure, arranged in a regular matrix. o A honeybee’s comb is an example of a cell structure o Most biological structures are composed of cells; living organisms, for example, are made up of one or more cells. o An ostrich egg is the largest cell in the world • Pipe o Pipes are commonly used to convey liquids or gasses, but they can also serve as enclosures and containers o Short segments of pipes or tubes are used to hold products, such as pencil leads and cigars o They are functioning as water-storage and containment vessels, not only as passageways • Box o Boxes are ubiquitous in the manmade world o Boxes are often made from cardboard o Boxes are used a lot, even a refrigerator is technically a box o Boxes have rigid flat walls o Boxes usually close with flaps o separates its contents from the rest of the world 5 o boxes can easily be made out of many different types of materials • Trunk o The trunk is a subset of the box o Trunks are box like in shape but usually have lids that can be opened and closed. o Most trunks are independent objects o Mostly used for storing items o A type of trunk is a safe • Cave o A cave is distinguished as a hollowed-out space within a solid o Caves have been widely used as dwellings o Ideal for food storage o Caves have been used to make food like cheese and mushrooms o The vagina and ear canal are considered cave like spaces • Building o The essence of a building is enclosure o The foremost function of buildings is to separate the inside from the outside o Most buildings are free-standing and rigid • Bag o The bag’s primary function is to separate its contents from the outside world. o Bags are widely used in industry for packaged materials, such as cement, sand, and animal feed. o Unlike boxes, bags are flexible • Pouch o Pouches are a subcategory of bags o Pouches are typically smaller and are usually closable at one end 6 • Envelope o Envelopes are a subcategory of bags o Usually made of paper or plastic o Intended for flat items o Usually sealable and are used for communication 7


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